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A bi-objective programming model for carbon emission quota allocation: evidence from the Pearl River Delta region

Li, Lixu; Ye, Fei; Li, Yina; Tan, Kim Hua


Lixu Li

Fei Ye

Yina Li

Professor of Operations and Innovation Management


As a core component of the emission trading scheme (ETS), the initial allocation of carbon quotas is extremely important. Currently, most allocation methods mainly focus on the realization of a single performance goal, which will result in conflicts between different levels of participants. To overcome this deficiency, this paper develops a bi-objective programming model (BPM) with two sub-objective functions of abatement costs and carbon assets. Meanwhile, cost-oriented model (CM) and asset-oriented model (AM) are implemented as comparison approaches that represent the minimization of regional abatement costs and the maximization of individual interests, respectively. The empirical results of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region reveal that BPM is the most efficient and feasible approach to some extent. More precisely, BPM can motivate the enthusiasm of all participants while optimizing abatement costs. With the increase of regional total quotas, the advantage of BPM becomes more and more prominent. The contribution of this paper is to present a novel method for carbon emission quota allocation, which fills the gap in the existing literature. Furthermore, the proposed method that can be deployed in other similar regions assists policymakers in enacting an effective emission reduction policy and in better understanding the objectives of economy, energy and environment.


Li, L., Ye, F., Li, Y., & Tan, K. H. (2018). A bi-objective programming model for carbon emission quota allocation: evidence from the Pearl River Delta region. Journal of Cleaner Production, 205, 163-178.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 8, 2018
Online Publication Date Sep 11, 2018
Publication Date Dec 20, 2018
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2018
Publicly Available Date Sep 12, 2019
Journal Journal of Cleaner Production
Print ISSN 0959-6526
Electronic ISSN 1879-1786
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 205
Pages 163-178
Keywords Carbon emission quota allocation; Bi-objective programming model; Cost-oriented model; Asset-oriented model; Pearl river delta
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: A bi-objective programming model for carbon emission quota allocation: Evidence from the Pearl River Delta region; Journal Title: Journal of Cleaner Production; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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