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A cross-institutional exploratory investigation of COVID-19 spread: formal vs. informal institutions

Bitar, Mohammad; Peillex, Jonathan; El Ouadghiri, Imane

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Authors

Jonathan Peillex

Imane El Ouadghiri



Abstract

We investigate the effect of culture on COVID-19 spread using a sample of 67 countries over the first 10 months of the pandemic. We find that individualistic countries have higher number of COVID-19 cases, an effect that is independent from formal institutions. A two-ways interaction effects, however, between formal institutions and individualism, shows that effective political institutions, sound governance, and better economic conditions reduce the effect on individualism on CVODI-19 spread. Our findings provide evidence that are useful not only for explaining differences in COVID-19 spread between countries but can also enable policymakers and organizations to understand what generally determines individuals’ compliance with formal rules and regulations.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 23, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 13, 2022
Publication Date Oct 13, 2022
Deposit Date Oct 14, 2022
Publicly Available Date Apr 14, 2024
Journal Applied Economics
Print ISSN 0003-6846
Electronic ISSN 1466-4283
Publisher Informa UK Limited
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2022.2125495
Keywords Economics and Econometrics
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/12328762
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00036846.2022.2125495?journalCode=raec20
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Applied Economics on 13/10/2022, available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00036846.2022.2125495?journalCode=raec20

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