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Parametric study of a novel combination of solar chimney and radiative cooling cavity for natural ventilation enhancement in residential buildings

Suhendri, Suhendri; Hu, Mingke; Su, Yuehong; Darkwa, Jo; Riffat, Saffa

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Authors

Suhendri Suhendri

Mingke Hu

YUEHONG SU YUEHONG.SU@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Thermal Science and Building Technology

JO DARKWA Jo.Darkwa@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Energy Storage Technologies

SAFFA RIFFAT saffa.riffat@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Sustainable Energy Systems



Abstract

The application of radiative cooling (RC) is expanding to a diverse research field, with some current studies trying to apply RC for natural ventilation. One proposed strategy is to use RC for the enhancement of solar chimney (SC) ventilation, and this strategy has been proven in a dry temperate climate. However, geographical locations and other design parameters may affect the performance of this natural ventilation strategy, and the conditions in which SC-RC ventilation performs best need to be investigated. This parametric study examines the performance of a novel SC-RC ventilation with six different parameters. The six parameters are the RC emitter's convection cover, building's thermal mass, RC cavity gap, internal heat gain, climate, and fan usage. Transient 2D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations with Ansys Fluent were conducted to analyse the SC-RC ventilation's optimal design and working conditions. A convection cover on the RC emitter, a thermal mass wall material, a smaller RC gap, and a relatively low internal heat gain help the SC-RC achieve a cooler room and higher ventilation flow rate. Overall, the novel SC-RC ventilation performance is better than a conventional SC, except in humid climates. In dry climates, the SC-RC has the potential to create a maximum 2 °C temperature reduction, with a daily average room temperature of 0.56 °C lower than ambient. This cooling performance of the passive SC-RC ventilation is better than the fan-assisted SC-RC. Also, the SC-RC can achieve a daily average of 2.1 ACH, which is 0.4 ACH more than the conventional SC.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 27, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 6, 2022
Publication Date Nov 1, 2022
Deposit Date Oct 6, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 7, 2022
Journal Building and Environment
Print ISSN 0360-1323
Electronic ISSN 1873-684X
Publisher Elsevier BV
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 225
Article Number 109648
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2022.109648
Keywords Building and Construction; Geography, Planning and Development; Civil and Structural Engineering; Environmental Engineering
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/12031425
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360132322008782
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Parametric study of a novel combination of solar chimney and radiative cooling cavity for natural ventilation enhancement in residential buildings; Journal Title: Building and Environment; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2022.109648; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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