Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Reconfigurable Soft Robots by Building Blocks

Atia, Mohamed G.B.; Mohammad, Abdelkhalick; Gameros, Andres; Axinte, Dragos; Wright, Iain

Reconfigurable Soft Robots by Building Blocks Thumbnail


Mohamed G.B. Atia

Andres Gameros

Professor of Manufacturing Engineering

Iain Wright


Soft robots are of increasing interest as they can cope with challenges that are poorly addressed by conventional rigid-body robots (e.g., limited flexibility). However, due to their flexible nature, the soft robots can be particularly prone to exploit modular designs for enhancing their reconfigurability, that is, a concept which, to date, has not been explored. Therefore, this paper presents a design of soft building blocks that can be disassembled and reconfigured to build different modular configurations of soft robots such as robotic fingers and continuum robots. First, a numerical model is developed for the constitutive building block allowing to understand their behavior versus design parameters, then a shape optimization algorithm is developed to permit the construction of different types of soft robots based on these soft building blocks. To validate the approach, 2D and 3D case studies of bio-inspired designs are demonstrated: first, soft fingers are introduced as a case study for grasping complex and delicate objects. Second, an elephant trunk is used for grasping a flower. Third, a walking legged robot. These case studies prove that the proposed modular building approach makes it easier to build and reconfigure different types of soft robots with multiple complexshapes.


Atia, M. G., Mohammad, A., Gameros, A., Axinte, D., & Wright, I. (2022). Reconfigurable Soft Robots by Building Blocks. Advanced Science, Article 2203217.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 5, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 3, 2022
Publication Date Oct 3, 2022
Deposit Date Oct 4, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 5, 2022
Journal Advanced Science
Electronic ISSN 2198-3844
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Article Number 2203217
Keywords Research Article, Research Articles, bioinspired, building blocks, modularity, reconfigurability, soft robots
Public URL
Publisher URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations