Targeted rework strategies for powder bed additive manufacture
Hirsch, M.; Dryburgh, Paul; Catchpole-Smith, Sam; Patel, R.; Parry, Luke; Sharples, S.D.; Ashcroft, I.A.; Clare, A.T.
RIKESH PATEL RIKESH.PATEL@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
IAN ASHCROFT Ian.Ashcroft@nottingham.ac.uk
Professorof Mechanics of Solids
ADAM CLARE firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor of Manufacturing Engineering
A major factor limiting the adoption of powder-bed-fusion additive manufacturing for production of parts is the control of build process defects and the effect these have upon the certification of parts for structural applications. In response to this, new methods for detecting defects and to monitor process performance are being developed. However, effective utilisation of such methods to rework parts in process has yet to be demonstrated.
This study investigates the use of spatially resolved acoustic spectroscopy (SRAS) scan data to inform repair strategies within a commercial selective laser melting machine. New methodologies which allow for rework of the most common defects observed in selective laser melting (SLM) manufacturing are proposed and demonstrated. Three rework methodologies are applied to targeted surface breaking pores: a hatch pattern, a spiral pattern and a single shot exposure. The work presented shows that it is possible to correct surface breaking pores using targeted re-melting, reducing the depth of defects whilst minimising changes in local texture. For the hatch rework and spiral rework, a reduction in defect depth of 50% and 31% were observed, respectively, however, no improvement was seen after the single shot exposures. This work is part of a programme to develop a method by which defects can be detected and the part reworked in-process during SLM to enable defect specification targets to be met. Although further work in developing build-characterise-rework strategies for integrated and targeted defect correction is needed, the feasibility of the underlying method of identifying and selectively reworking to reduce a defect has now been demonstrated for the first time.
Hirsch, M., Dryburgh, P., Catchpole-Smith, S., Patel, R., Parry, L., Sharples, S., …Clare, A. (2018). Targeted rework strategies for powder bed additive manufacture. Additive Manufacturing, 19, 127-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addma.2017.11.011
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Nov 21, 2017|
|Online Publication Date||Nov 23, 2017|
|Publication Date||Jan 31, 2018|
|Deposit Date||Oct 23, 2018|
|Publicly Available Date||Nov 24, 2018|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Non-destructive evaluation; Additive manufacture; Selective rework; Selective laser melting|
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