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Superconducting circuit boundary conditions beyond the dynamical Casimir effect

Doukas, Jason; Louko, Jorma

Superconducting circuit boundary conditions beyond the dynamical Casimir effect Thumbnail


Jason Doukas

Professor of Mathematical Physics


© 2015 American Physical Society. We study analytically the time-dependent boundary conditions of superconducting microwave circuit experiments in the high plasma frequency limit, in which the conditions are Robin-type and relate the value of the field to the spatial derivative of the field. We give an explicit solution to the field evolution for boundary condition modulations that are small in magnitude but may have arbitrary time dependence, in a formalism that applies both to a semiopen waveguide and to a closed waveguide with two independently adjustable boundaries. The correspondence between the microwave Robin boundary conditions and the mechanically moving Dirichlet boundary conditions of the dynamical Casimir effect is shown to break down at high field frequencies, approximately 1 order of magnitude above the frequencies probed in the 2011 experiment of Wilson et al. Our results bound the parameter regime in which a microwave circuit can be used to model relativistic effects in a mechanically moving cavity, and they show that beyond this parameter regime moving mirrors produce more particles and generate more entanglement than their nonmoving microwave waveguide simulations.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 5, 2015
Online Publication Date Feb 6, 2015
Publication Date Feb 6, 2015
Deposit Date Oct 18, 2018
Publicly Available Date Oct 18, 2018
Journal Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Print ISSN 1550-7998
Electronic ISSN 1550-2368
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 91
Issue 4
Article Number 044010
Public URL
Publisher URL


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