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Synthesis and functionalisation of spherical meso-, hybrid meso/macro- and macro-porous cellular silica foam materials with regulated pore sizes for CO2 capture

Sun, Yuan; Liu, Xin; Sun, Chenggong; Meng, Yang; Al-Sarraf, Waleed; Foo, Khai Zhen; Stevens, Lee; Wang, Wenlong; Liu, Hao

Authors

Yuan Sun

XIN LIU Xin.Liu@nottingham.ac.uk
Research Fellow

Yang Meng

Waleed Al-Sarraf

Khai Zhen Foo

LEE STEVENS LEE.STEVENS@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Senior Research Fellow

Wenlong Wang

HAO LIU liu.hao@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Energy Engineering



Abstract

A variety of meso, meso/macro and macro-structured siliceous cellular foam (SCFs) materials have been tailor-designed and fabricated from using a modified microemulsion templating methodology with trimethyl benzene (TMB) as the pore expander and Pluronic™ block co-polymer (P123) as the surfactant, for preparing polyethyleneimine (PEI)-impregnated adsorbents for CO2 capture. The effect of preparation conditions, such as TMB/P123 mass ratio, aging temperature and aging time, on SCF morphology and pore structures and hence on the CO2 adsorption performance of the PEI-modified SCF adsorbents were investigated comprehensively. BET measurements and morphological characterisations with SEM revealed that the SCF materials prepared from using lower TMB/P123 ratios (≤ 1) and aging temperatures (≤ 100 °C) were typically meso-structured with relatively lower cell wall thicknesses but increasing the TMB/P123 ratio, aging temperature and aging times led to an transformation of the SCFs from being meso-structured into to hybrid meso/macro or even purely macro-structured nano-cellular materials with increased wall thicknesses, pore volumes and window sizes. CO2 adsorption characterisations for the PEI-impregnated SCFs demonstrated that while all the SCF materials exhibited higher capacities and faster adsorption kinetics compared to conventional meso-structured siliceous materials, the hybrid meso/macro and macro-structured SCF substrates were found to have the best CO2 adsorption performance, with uptake capacities reaching 180.2 mg-CO2/g-adsorbent (5.85 mmol/g-PEI) for PEI-600 impregnation and 198.2 mg-CO2/g-adsorbent (6.44 mmol/g-amine) for the hybrid impregnation of PEI600-TEPA at 75 °C and 0.15 bar CO2, which are significantly higher than those previously reported under similar conditions. The macro- and hybrid meso/macro-structured SCF materials were found to be particularly suitable for preparing high molecular weight PEI-modified adsorbents for greatly improved thermo-stability. At 60 wt% PEI loading, the CO2 capacity reached 126 and 97.3 mg-CO2/g-ads for PEI-10000 and PEI-60000, respectively, both showing extraordinary lifetime performance. Differing from previous findings, no particularly favourable pore diameters or windows sizes for PEI impregnation are observed for the wide range of SCF materials examined, although close to linear relationships between the CO2 uptake capacity and total pore volume appear to exist for the SCF materials with pore volumes below 2.2 cm3/g and pore diameters/window sizes ≤ 28 nm.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 14, 2018
Journal Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Print ISSN 2050-7488
Electronic ISSN 2050-7496
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2018
Issue 46
Pages 23587-23601
APA6 Citation Sun, Y., Liu, X., Sun, C., Meng, Y., Al-Sarraf, W., Foo, K. Z., …Liu, H. (2018). Synthesis and functionalisation of spherical meso-, hybrid meso/macro- and macro-porous cellular silica foam materials with regulated pore sizes for CO2 capture. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2018(46), 23587-23601. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TA06224B
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TA06224B
Publisher URL https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2018/ta/c8ta06224b#!divAbstract
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