External validation of e-ASPECTS software for interpreting brain CT in stroke
PHILIP BATH firstname.lastname@example.org
Stroke Association Professor of Stroke Medicine
Keith W. Muir
Rustam Al-Shahi Salman
Francesca M. Chappell
NIKOLA SPRIGG email@example.com
Professor of Stroke Medicine
Joanna M. Wardlaw
To test e-ASPECTS software in patients with stroke. Marketed as a decision-support tool, e-ASPECTS may detect features of ischemia or hemorrhage on computed tomography (CT) imaging and quantify ischemic extent using ASPECTS (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score).
Using CT from nine stroke studies, we compared software with masked experts. As per indications for software use, we assessed e-ASPECTS results for patients with/without middle cerebral artery (MCA) ischemia but no other cause of stroke. In an analysis outside the intended use of software, we enriched our dataset with non-MCA ischemia, hemorrhage, and mimics to simulate a representative ‘front door’ hospital population. With final diagnosis as the reference standard, we tested the diagnostic accuracy of e-ASPECTS for identifying stroke features (ischemia, hyperattenuated arteries, hemorrhage) in the representative population.
We included 4100 patients (51% female, median age 78 years, NIHSS 10, onset to scan 2·5 hours). Final diagnosis was ischemia (78%), hemorrhage (14%), or mimic (8%). From 3035 CTs with expert-rated ASPECTS, most (2084/3035, 69%) e-ASPECTS results were within one point of experts. In the representative population, the diagnostic accuracy of e-ASPECTS was 71% (95% confidence interval, 70-72%) for detecting ischemic features, 85% (83-86%) for hemorrhage. Software identified more false positive ischemia (12% vs 2%) and hemorrhage (14% vs <1%) than experts.
On independent testing, e-ASPECTS provided moderate agreement with experts and overcalled stroke features. Therefore, future prospective trials testing impacts of AI software on patient care and outcome are required before widespread implementation of stroke decision-support software.
Mair, G., White, P., Bath, P. M., Muir, K. W., Salman, R. A., Martin, C., …Wardlaw, J. M. (2022). External validation of e-ASPECTS software for interpreting brain CT in stroke. Annals of Neurology, 92(6), 943-957. https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.26495
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 30, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 23, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Sep 14, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 24, 2023|
|Journal||Annals of Neurology|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
External Validation of e-ASPECTS Software for Interpreting Brain CT in Stroke
Publisher Licence URL
You might also like
Stroke outcome related to initial volume status and diuretic use