Location choice of Chinese outward FDI – An ethnicity-based population ecology perspective
Zhu, Hua; Cantwell, John; Jia, Fei; Wang, Chengqi
CHENGQI WANG email@example.com
Professor of Strategy & International Business
Drawing on population ecology theory (PET) which conceptualizes an individual organization's survival as a result of organizational changes at the population level, we explain why multinational enterprises (MNEs) from emerging markets prefer to enter countries with an existing population of co-national peers. Our study of a sample of Chinese MNEs shows that the size of co-national MNEs population in the host country has a positive effect on new FDI entries by firms from the same home country. Interestingly, the co-province and co-industry-formed organizational population in the host country has an inverted U-shaped effect on the new FDI entries, and that provincial dialect and co-national immigrants flatten this curvilinear effect. We also analyze how the focal relationships vary between host countries with different levels of economic development and between different industries. Our study contributes to the research of FDI location choices by providing a population ecology-based explanation that differs fundamentally from those based on agglomeration economics and institutional theory. The study also advances PET by theorizing how legitimizing and competing forces interact to jointly influence the way the extant population of certain types of organizations influences the entries of the same type of organizations into the population.
Zhu, H., Cantwell, J., Jia, F., & Wang, C. (2023). Location choice of Chinese outward FDI – An ethnicity-based population ecology perspective. Journal of International Management, 29(1), Article 100983. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intman.2022.100983
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 30, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 14, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Sep 7, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 15, 2024|
|Journal||Journal of International Management|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Strategy and Management; Finance; Business and International Management|
This file is under embargo until Sep 15, 2024 due to copyright restrictions.