Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface

Advanced Search

Individual differences and hemispheric asymmetries for language and spatial attention

O'Regan, Louise; Serrien, Deborah J.

Authors

Louise O'Regan Louise.O'Regan@nottingham.ac.uk

Deborah J. Serrien



Abstract

Language and spatial processing are cognitive functions that are asymmetrically distributed across both cerebral hemispheres. In the present study, we compare left- and right-handers on word comprehension using a divided visual field paradigm and spatial attention using a landmark task. We investigate hemispheric asymmetries by assessing the participants’ behavioural metrics; response accuracy, reaction time and their laterality index. The data showed that right-handers benefitted more from left-hemispheric lateralisation for language comprehension and right-hemispheric lateralisation for spatial attention than left-handers. Furthermore, left-handers demonstrated a more variable distribution across both hemispheres, supporting a less focal profile of functional brain organisation. Taken together, the results underline that handedness distinctively modulates hemispheric processing and behavioural performance during verbal and nonverbal tasks. In particular, typical lateralisation is most prevalent for right-handers whereas atypical lateralisation is more evident for left-handers. These insights contribute to the understanding of individual variation of brain asymmetries and the mechanisms related to changes in cerebral dominance.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 4, 2018
Journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Electronic ISSN 1662-5161
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Article Number 380
APA6 Citation O'Regan, L., & Serrien, D. J. (2018). Individual differences and hemispheric asymmetries for language and spatial attention. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 12, https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00380
DOI https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00380
Publisher URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00380/full

Files





You might also like



Downloadable Citations

;