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A terahertz-driven non-equilibrium phase transition in a room temperature atomic vapour

Wade, C.G.; Marcuzzi, M.; Levi, E.; Kondo, J.M.; Lesanovsky, I.; Adams, C.S.; Weatherill, K.J.

Authors

C.G. Wade

E. Levi

J.M. Kondo

C.S. Adams

K.J. Weatherill



Abstract

There are few demonstrated examples of phase transitions that may be driven directly by terahertz frequency electric fields, and those that are known require field strengths exceeding 1 MV cm−1. Here we report a non-equilibrium phase transition driven by a weak (≪1 V cm−1), continuous-wave terahertz electric field. The system consists of room temperature caesium vapour under continuous optical excitation to a high-lying Rydberg state, which is resonantly coupled to a nearby level by the terahertz electric field. We use a simple model to understand the underlying physical behaviour, and we demonstrate two protocols to exploit the phase transition as a narrowband terahertz detector: the first with a fast (20 μs) non linear response to nano-Watts of incident radiation, and the second with a linearised response and effective noise equivalent power ≤1 pW Hz−1/2. The work opens the door to a class of terahertz devices controlled with low-field intensities and operating in a room temperature environment.

Citation

Wade, C., Marcuzzi, M., Levi, E., Kondo, J., Lesanovsky, I., Adams, C., & Weatherill, K. (2018). A terahertz-driven non-equilibrium phase transition in a room temperature atomic vapour. Nature Communications, 9, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05597-4

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 16, 2018
Online Publication Date Sep 3, 2018
Publication Date Sep 3, 2018
Deposit Date Aug 27, 2018
Publicly Available Date Sep 3, 2018
Electronic ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Article Number 3567
Pages 1-7
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05597-4
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1038780
Publisher URL https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05597-4

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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/





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