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The Fourth Attempt to Construct a Politics of Welfare Obligations

Fitzpatrick, Tony


Tony Fitzpatrick


Since the 1980s there have been three main attempts to ground citizenship upon the principles of duty, obligation and responsibility: conservative, communitarian and Third Way. Each of these are reviewed below. The principal task of this article, though, is to examine the emergence of a fourth attempt which, by relating duty to equality through the principle of reciprocity, represents a synthesis of traditional social democracy with the new politics of obligation. Our focus will be upon The Civic Minimum by Stuart White since this is arguably the most cogent expression of duty-based egalitarianism to have emerged in recent years.

Key words: citizenship, equality, reciprocity, Basic Income


Fitzpatrick, T. (2005). The Fourth Attempt to Construct a Politics of Welfare Obligations

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2005
Deposit Date Dec 6, 2007
Publicly Available Date Dec 6, 2007
Journal Policy & Politics
Electronic ISSN 0305 5736
Publisher Policy Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
Issue 1
Keywords politics, welfare
Public URL
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:
Additional Information This is a post-peer-review, pre-copy edited version of an article published in Policy & Politics. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Fitzpatrick, Tony (2005) The Fourth Attempt to Construct a Politics of Welfare Obligations. Policy & Politics, 33 (1). pp. 15-32. is available online at: [].
Readers must only cite published version.


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