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The justice lottery?: police station advice 25 years on from PACE

Pleasence, Pascoe; Kemp, Vicky; Balmer, Nigel

Authors

Pascoe Pleasence

Vicky Kemp vicky.kemp@nottingham.ac.uk

Nigel Balmer nigel.balmer@ucl.ac.uk



Abstract

January 2011 marks the 25th anniversary of the introduction of the unequivocal right of police station detainees to obtain advice from a solicitor. However, while this right is a fundamental safeguard to procedural propriety, no large-scale investigation of the rates at which advice is requested or received has been undertaken in over a decade. This study, the most extensive yet undertaken, draws on data extracted from 30,921 custody records, across 44 police stations in 4 police force areas. We find the advice request rate has risen less than recent studies indicate. We also find substantial variation in request rates between police stations and police forces, after accounting for other factors, and a sharp drop in the request rate between ages 16 and 17. This drop supports proposals to extend requirements around appropriate adults to 17 year olds. We argue that, at a time of change in police station operation and advice provision, further monitoring of, and investigation into, the operation of the right to advice is required. © 2011 Thomson Reuters (Legal) Limited.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2011
Journal Criminal Law Review
Electronic ISSN 0011-135X
Publisher Sweet and Maxwell
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2011
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Pleasence, P., Kemp, V., & Balmer, N. (2011). The justice lottery?: police station advice 25 years on from PACE. Criminal Law Review -London-, 2011(1),
Keywords Police detention; Right of access to legal advice; Socio-legal studies; Suspects
Publisher URL http://login.westlaw.co.uk/maf/wluk/app/document?&srguid=i0ad629030000015aae2283406d49eaab&docguid=IE8FF65D004D211E09142839548276DE7&hitguid=IE8FF65D004D211E09142839548276DE7&rank=2&spos=2&epos=2&td=2&crumb-action=append&context=3&resolvein=true
Related Public URLs http://www.sweetandmaxwell.co.uk/Catalogue/ProductDetails.aspx?recordid=478
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information Kemp, V., Plesence, P. and Balmer N. The justice lottery?: police station advice 25 years on from PACE. Criminal law review, 10, 2011, THOMSON REUTERS reproduced with permission of THOMSON REUTERS (PROFESSIONAL) UK LIMITED.

This extract is taken from the author's original manuscript and has not been edited. The definitive published version of record is available here http://login.westlaw.co...ontext=3&resolvein=true

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Pleasence et al., The Justice Lottery CLR 2011.pdf (1 Mb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf


licence - the justice lottery.pdf (143 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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