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Impulsivity and symptoms of nicotine dependence in a young adult population

Chase, Henry W.; Hogarth, Lee

Authors

Henry W. Chase

Lee Hogarth



Abstract

Introduction:

Impulsivity is widely regarded as a risk factor for drug dependence. However, its relationship with the symptomatology of nicotine dependence is poorly understood.

Methods:

To examine the nature of these relationships, we recruited 404 daily and occasional smokers from a predominantly student population and assessed the association between impulsivity, as measured by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and several self-reported measures of smoking rate and nicotine dependence, including the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual’s (DSM-IV) criteria.

Results:

Overall, impulsivity was high throughout the entire sample but only modestly associated with nicotine dependence. Within the diagnostic criteria of nicotine dependence, two symptoms, which reflect automatized or habitual smoking, were most strongly associated with impulsivity.

Conclusion:

These data support recent human and animal work, which suggests that impulsivity is linked to the formation of habitual drug use, and are discussed within the framework of a dual-system account of drug seeking.

Citation

Chase, H. W., & Hogarth, L. (2011). Impulsivity and symptoms of nicotine dependence in a young adult population. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 13(12), https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntr114

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 1, 2011
Deposit Date Apr 3, 2014
Publicly Available Date Apr 3, 2014
Journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research (Deleted)
Electronic ISSN 1462-2203
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 12
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntr114
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1009763
Publisher URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3223574/

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