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From city in the park to “greenery in plant pots”: The influence of socialist and post-socialist planning on opportunities for cultural ecosystem services

Tandarić, Neven; Ives, Christopher D.; Watkins, Charles


Neven Tandarić

Associate Professor


The paper examines the links between the cultural ecosystem services concept, political ideologies and urban planning. In particular, it investigates the extent to which cultural ecosystem services were considered in urban planning in socialist and post-socialist Zagreb. We conducted a content analysis of three socialist and two post-socialist plans of Zagreb and interview transcripts with urban planners and academics. To take account of the relational character of cultural ecosystem services, we assessed the extent to which urban planning facilitated opportunities for human–ecosystem interactions rather than individual cultural ecosystem services themselves. This revealed planning factors that helped promote and discourage conditions for CES to arise. The findings indicated that socialist planning facilitated interaction opportunities to a wider extent than post-socialist planning, mainly by providing abundant, fair-sized, well-distributed green spaces with clearly outlined functions. The proposed assessment approach could be implemented in the planning process to evaluate how conditions for CES generation are provided by the current planning cycle and inform the process in the following cycle.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 7, 2022
Online Publication Date Aug 10, 2022
Publication Date 2022-09
Deposit Date Oct 13, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 13, 2022
Journal Land Use Policy
Print ISSN 0264-8377
Publisher Elsevier BV
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 120
Article Number 106309
Keywords Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; Nature and Landscape Conservation; Geography, Planning and Development; Forestry
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