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The colour of risk: an exploration of the IPCC's 'burning embers' diagram

Mahony, Martin; Hulme, Mike


Martin Mahony

Mike Hulme


This article tracks the historical emergence of a new visual convention in the representation of the risks associated with climate change. The “reasons for concern” or “burning embers” diagram has become a prominent visual element of the climate change debate. By drawing on a number of cultural resources, the image has gained a level of discursive power which has resulted both in material mobility and epistemic transformation as the diagram itself has become a tool for a variety of actors to reason with. The case brings to light a number of challenges associated with attempts to know and visualize abstract concepts such as risk and danger, including the social organisation of knowledge production and the role of expert judgment in contexts where science is asked to retreat from normativity.


Mahony, M., & Hulme, M. The colour of risk: an exploration of the IPCC's 'burning embers' diagram.

Journal Article Type Article
Deposit Date Dec 11, 2015
Publicly Available Date Sep 25, 2023
Journal Spontaneous Generations : Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science
Electronic ISSN 1913-0465
Publisher University of Toronto Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 1
Public URL
Publisher URL


Mahony and Hulme 2012 The colour of risk.pdf (692 Kb)

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