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Heavy and light roles: myosin in the morphogenesis of the heart

England, Jennifer; Loughna, Siobhan

Authors

Jennifer England

Siobhan Loughna



Abstract

Myosin is an essential component of cardiac muscle, from the onset of cardiogenesis through to the adult heart. Although traditionally known for its role in energy transduction and force development, recent studies
suggest that both myosin heavy-chain and myosin lightchain
proteins are required for a correctly formed heart.
Myosins are structural proteins that are not only expressed
from early stages of heart development, but when mutated
in humans they may give rise to congenital heart defects.
This review will discuss the roles of myosin, specifically
with regards to the developing heart. The expression of
each myosin protein will be described, and the effects that
altering expression has on the heart in embryogenesis in
different animal models will be discussed. The human
molecular genetics of the myosins will also be reviewed.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2013
Journal Cellular and Molecular Life Science
Print ISSN 1420-682X
Electronic ISSN 1420-682X
Publisher Humana Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 70
Issue 7
APA6 Citation England, J., & Loughna, S. (2013). Heavy and light roles: myosin in the morphogenesis of the heart. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 70(7), doi:10.1007/s00018-012-1131-1
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-012-1131-1
Publisher URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22955375
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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