Research Repository

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Seasonality in oestrus and litter size in an assistance dog breeding colony in the United Kingdom (2017)
Journal Article
Wigham, E. E., Moxon, R., England, G. C., Wood, J. L., & Morters, M. K. (2017). Seasonality in oestrus and litter size in an assistance dog breeding colony in the United Kingdom. Veterinary Record, 181(14), doi:10.1136/vr.104217. ISSN 0042-4900

Evidence of seasonality in oestrus in bitches within specialist breeding programmes, such as those for assistance dogs, may support colony management through tailoring the distribution of resources required for breeding throughout the year. However,... Read More

Application of survival analysis and multistate modeling to understand animal behavior: examples from guide dogs (2017)
Journal Article
Asher, L., Harvey, N. D., Green, M., & England, G. C. (2017). Application of survival analysis and multistate modeling to understand animal behavior: examples from guide dogs. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 4, doi:10.3389/fvets.2017.00116. ISSN 2297-1769

Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of ep... Read More

An evidence-based decision assistance model for predicting training outcome in juvenile guide dogs (2017)
Journal Article
Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Blythe, S. A., England, G. C., & Asher, L. (2017). An evidence-based decision assistance model for predicting training outcome in juvenile guide dogs. PLoS ONE, 12(6), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0174261. ISSN 1932-6203

Working dog organisations, such as Guide Dogs, need to regularly assess the behaviour of the dogs they train. In this study we developed a questionnaire-style behaviour assessment completed by training supervisors of juvenile guide dogs aged 5, 8 and... Read More

"She's a dog at the end of the day": guide dog owners' perspectives on the behaviour of their guide dog (2017)
Journal Article
Craigon, P. J., Hobson-West, P., England, G. C., Whelan, C. T., Lethbridge, E., & Asher, L. (2017). "She's a dog at the end of the day": guide dog owners' perspectives on the behaviour of their guide dog. PLoS ONE, 12(4), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0176018. ISSN 1932-6203

A guide dog is a domestic dog (Canis familiaris) that is specifically educated to provide mobility support to a blind or visually impaired owner. Current dog suitability assessments focus on behavioural traits, including: trainability, reactivity or... Read More

Ultrasonography of the prostate gland and testes in dogs (2016)
Journal Article
Barbosa de Souza, M., Silva, L. D. M. D., Moxon, R., Russo, M., & England, G. C. (2017). Ultrasonography of the prostate gland and testes in dogs. In Practice, 39(1), doi:10.1136/inp.i6054. ISSN 0263-841X

Ultrasonographic imaging is an important diagnostic tool because it allows assessment of the shape, size, position, margination and internal architecture of organs, as well as facilitating the study of vascular supply and vascularisation. Recently, t... Read More

A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs (2016)
Journal Article
Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C., & Asher, L. (2016). A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs. PLoS ONE, 11(11), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0165414. ISSN 1932-6203

In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the... Read More

Canine reproductive ultrasound examination for predicting future sperm quality (2016)
Journal Article
England, G. C., Bright, L., Pritchard, B., Bowen, I. M., De Souza, M., Silva, L., & Moxon, R. (in press). Canine reproductive ultrasound examination for predicting future sperm quality. Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 51(Supp.3), doi:10.1111/rda.12825. ISSN 0936-6768

The reproductive potential of male animals is commonly evaluated using a breeding soundness examination incorporating B-mode ultrasound examination of the testes and recently Doppler ultrasound examination of the testicular arteries. These techniques... Read More

Incomplete ovarian tissue removal in female dogs and cats (2016)
Journal Article
England, G. C., & White, R. (2016). Incomplete ovarian tissue removal in female dogs and cats. In Practice, 38(7), doi:10.1136/inp.i3356. ISSN 0263-841X

Incomplete ovariectomy (IO) is the unintentional partial or complete lack of removal of one or both ovaries during an ovariohysterectomy or ovariectomy procedure, and is often referred to as ‘ovarian remnant syndrome’. It usually has a clear clinical... Read More

Using the incidence and impact of behavioural conditions in guide dogs to investigate patterns in undesirable behaviour in dogs (2016)
Journal Article
Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C., & Asher, L. (2016). Using the incidence and impact of behavioural conditions in guide dogs to investigate patterns in undesirable behaviour in dogs. Scientific Reports, 6, doi:10.1038/srep23860. ISSN 2045-2322

The domestic dog is one of our most popular companions and longest relationships, occupying different roles, from pet to working guide dog for the blind. As dogs age different behavioural issues occur and in some cases dogs may be relinquished or rem... Read More

Prevalence of ultrasound-determined cystic endometrial hyperplasia and the relationship with age in dogs (2016)
Journal Article
Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., & England, G. C. (2016). Prevalence of ultrasound-determined cystic endometrial hyperplasia and the relationship with age in dogs. Theriogenology, 86(4), doi:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.03.022. ISSN 0093-691X

To investigate the potential relationship between age and diagnosis of cystic endometrial hyperplasia (CEH) in the bitches, 348 ultrasound examinations from 240 bitches (Labradors, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds, Flat Coated Retrievers, or cross... Read More

Social rearing environment influences dog behavioral development (2016)
Journal Article
Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Blythe, S. A., England, G. C., & Asher, L. (2016). Social rearing environment influences dog behavioral development. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 16, doi:10.1016/j.jveb.2016.03.004. ISSN 1558-7878

Early life experiences are known to influence behavior later in life. In dogs, environmental influences of early home rearing could be exploited to improve the chances of developing adult behavior most suited to the adult environment. For working dog... Read More

Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update (2016)
Journal Article
Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., & England, G. C. (2016). Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update. Veterinary Record, 178(15), doi:10.1136/vr.103433. ISSN 0042-4900

Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs’ stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified... Read More

Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test (2015)
Journal Article
Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M. J., England, G. C., & Asher, L. (2016). Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 11, doi:10.1016/j.jveb.2015.09.005. ISSN 1558-7878

The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study... Read More

Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs (2015)
Journal Article
Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C., Green, M. J., & Asher, L. (2016). Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs. Veterinary Journal, 207, doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2015.10.046. ISSN 1532-2971

This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they rea... Read More

Veterinary practitioners’ selection of diagnostic tests for the primary evaluation of colic in the horse (2015)
Journal Article
Curtis, L., Trewin, I., England, G. C., Burford, J., & Freeman, S. (2015). Veterinary practitioners’ selection of diagnostic tests for the primary evaluation of colic in the horse. Veterinary Record Open, 2(2), doi:10.1136/vetreco-2015-000145. ISSN 2052-6113

The aim of this study was to survey veterinary practitioners’ selection of diagnostic tests for horses with clinical signs of abdominal pain. A questionnaire was distributed to veterinary surgeons involved in the primary evaluation of horses with abd... Read More

The role of assistance dogs in society (2015)
Journal Article
Audrestch, H. M., Whelan, C. T., Grice, D., Asher, L., England, G. C., & Freeman, S. (in press). The role of assistance dogs in society. Disability and Health Journal, 8(4), doi:10.1016/j.dhjo.2015.07.001. ISSN 1876-7583

Assistance dogs are specially trained to undertake a variety of tasks to help individuals with disabilities. This review gives an overview of the different types of assistance dogs in the UK, including guide dogs, hearing dogs, mobility assistance do... Read More