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Long-term psychosocial impact reported by childhood critical illness survivors: a systematic review

Manning, Joseph C.; Hemingway, Pippa; Redsell, Sarah A.

Authors

Joseph C. Manning

Pippa Hemingway

Sarah A. Redsell



Abstract

Aim :To undertake a qualitative systematic review that explores psychological and social impact, reported directly from children and adolescents at least 6 months after their critical illness.
Background :Significant advances in critical care have reduced mortality from childhood critical illness, with the majority of patients being discharged alive. However, it is widely reported that surviving critical illness can be traumatic for both children and their family. Despite a growing body of literature in this field, the psychological and social impact of life threatening critical illness on child and adolescent survivors, more than 6 months post event, remains under-reported.
Data sources: Searches of six online databases were conducted up to February 2012.
Review methods : Predetermined criteria were used to select studies. Methodological quality was assessed using a standardized checklist. An adapted version of the thematic synthesis approach was applied to extract, code and synthesize data.
Findings : Three studies met the inclusion criteria, which were all of moderate methodological quality. Initial coding and synthesis of data resulted in five descriptive themes: confusion and uncertainty, other people's narratives, focus on former self and normality, social isolation and loss of identity, and transition and transformation. Further synthesis culminated in three analytical themes that conceptualize the childhood survivors' psychological and social journey following critical illness.
Conclusions : Critical illness in childhood can expose survivors to a complex trajectory of recovery, with enduring psychosocial adversity manifesting in the long term. Nurses and other health professionals must be aware and support the potential multifaceted psychosocial needs that may arise. Parents and families are identified as fundamental in shaping psychological and social well-being of survivors. Therefore intensive care nurses must take opportunities to raise parents' awareness of the journey of survival and provide appropriate support. Further empirical research is warranted to explore the deficits identified with the existing literature.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 1, 2014
Journal Nursing in Critical Care
Print ISSN 1362-1017
Electronic ISSN 1362-1017
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 3
APA6 Citation Manning, J. C., Hemingway, P., & Redsell, S. A. (2014). Long-term psychosocial impact reported by childhood critical illness survivors: a systematic review. Nursing in Critical Care, 19(3), doi:10.1111/nicc.12049
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/nicc.12049
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nicc.12049/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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