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Difficulties predicting time-to-arrival in individuals with autism spectrum disorders

Sheppard, Elizabeth; van Loon, Editha; Underwood, Geoffrey; Ropar, Danielle

Authors

Elizabeth Sheppard

Editha van Loon

Geoffrey Underwood

Danielle Ropar



Abstract

Background:
Previous research suggests people with ASD may have various difficulties in processing and interacting with motion in the environment. We investigated whether individuals with ASD have difficulty judging the location of moving objects in a driving context using a time-to-arrival task.
Methods:
Participants with and without ASD viewed scenes that simulated self-motion towards a junction, while another car approached on a side road. Scenes terminated prior to either car reaching the junction and participants were required to decide which car would reach the junction first.
Results:
Participants with ASD made fewer correct responses although this was only true when self-motion was on a straight road.
Conclusions:
This difficulty in judging the location of moving objects could contribute to difficulties people with ASD experience in learning to drive.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 1, 2016
Journal Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Print ISSN 1750-9467
Electronic ISSN 1750-9467
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 28
APA6 Citation Sheppard, E., van Loon, E., Underwood, G., & Ropar, D. (2016). Difficulties predicting time-to-arrival in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 28, doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2016.05.001
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2016.05.001
Keywords Autism spectrum disorders; driving; motion; prediction impairment; time-to-arrival
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1750946716300538
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Additional Information

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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