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Engaging students with profound and multiple disabilities using humanoid robots

Standen, Penny; Brown, David ; Roscoe, Jess ; Hedgecock, Joseph ; Stewart, David ; Galvez Trigo, Maria Jose ; Elgajiji, Elmunir

Authors

Penny Standen p.standen@nottingham.ac.uk

David Brown

Jess Roscoe

Joseph Hedgecock

David Stewart

Maria Jose Galvez Trigo

Elmunir Elgajiji

Abstract

Engagement is the single best predictor of successful learning for children with intellectual disabilities yet achieving engagement with pupils who have profound or multiple disabilities (PMD) presents a challenge to educators. Robots have been used to engage children with autism but are they effective with pupils whose disabilities limit their ability to control other technology? Learning objectives were identified for eleven pupils with PMD and a humanoid robot was programmed to enable teachers to use it to help pupils achieve these objectives. These changes were evaluated with a series of eleven case studies where teacher-pupil dyads were observed during four planned video recorded sessions. Engagement was rated in a classroom setting and during the last session with the robot. Video recordings were analysed for duration of engagement and teacher assistance and number of goals achieved. Rated engagement was significantly higher with the robot than in the classroom. Observations of engagement, assistance and goal achievement remained at the same level throughout the sessions suggesting no reduction in the novelty factor.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2014
Journal Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Electronic ISSN 0302-9743
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8514
Pages 419-430
Book Title Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Universal Access to Information and Knowledge
Institution Citation Standen, P. (2014). Engaging students with profound and multiple disabilities using humanoid robots. 00 Journal not listed, 8514, (419-430). doi:10.1007/978-3-319-07440-5_39. ISSN 0302-9743
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-07440-5_39
Keywords Robots, education, engagement, profound and multiple intellectual disabilities, case studies, video analysis
Publisher URL http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-07440-5_39
Related Public URLs https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-07440-5_39#page-1
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information The final publication is available at link.springer.com.

Standen P. et al. (2014) Engaging Students with Profound and Multiple Disabilities Using Humanoid Robots. In: Stephanidis C., Antona M. (eds) Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Universal Access to Information and Knowledge. UAHCI 2014. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 8514. Springer, Cham.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf




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