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The archaeobotany of Neolithic and Bronze Age Crete: synthesis and prospects

Livarda, Alexandra; Kotzamani, Georgia

Authors

Alexandra Livarda Alexandra.Livarda@nottingham.ac.uk

Georgia Kotzamani g.kotzamani@gmail.com



Abstract

This paper explores the full potential of archaeobotanical research in the investigation of issues such as agricultural practices and resource management and mobilisation in shaping the social dynamics of Neolithic and Bronze Age Crete, through a synthesis for the first time of all available archaeobotanical information to date. To this body of data new information is added from six sites: Kephala Petras, Pryniatikos Pyrgos, Aghia Fotia, Knossos Little Palace North, Sissi and Zominthos. A comprehensive methodology is devised using three units of analysis to allow an in-depth study, firstly of the quality of the available dataset and secondly of its content. A total of 80 archaeobotanical records, compiled in one database, are examined in the light of the methods employed for their sampling, recovery and processing. The reliability of the current dataset is assessed, highlighting shortcomings; methodological issues are addressed to improve its quality. These records are then analysed according to their temporal, spatial and contextual distribution across the island. A synthesis of the full resource base, including cereals, legumes, fruits, nuts, condiments and wild species, is conducted, providing a contextualised picture of their availability and use, and identifying lacunae and interpretational potential. On these bases a research agenda is set and future research priorities and new approaches are suggested that place archaeobotany in the core of current archaeological discourse on social models, practices and meanings for prehistoric Crete.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 9, 2014
Journal The Annual of the British School at Athens
Print ISSN 0068-2454
Electronic ISSN 2045-2403
Publisher Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 108
APA6 Citation Livarda, A., & Kotzamani, G. (2014). The archaeobotany of Neolithic and Bronze Age Crete: synthesis and prospects. Annual of the British School at Athens, 108, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0068245413000063
DOI https://doi.org/10.1017/S0068245413000063
Keywords archaeobotany, archaeobotanical, neolithic, bronze age, Crete
Publisher URL http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9198633&fileId=S0068245413000063
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information Copyright Cambridge University Press.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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