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Exposure of neonatal rats to maternal cafeteria feeding during suckling alters hepatic gene expression and DNA methylation in the insulin signalling pathway

Daniel, Zoe; Akyol, Asli; McMullen, Sarah; Langley-Evans, Simon C,

Authors

Zoe Daniel

Asli Akyol

Sarah McMullen



Abstract

Nutrition in early life is a determinant of lifelong physiological and metabolic function. Diseases that are associated with ageing may, therefore, have their antecedents in maternal nutrition during pregnancy and lactation. Rat mothers were fed either a standard laboratory chow diet (C) or a cafeteria diet (O) based upon a varied panel of highly palatable human foods, during lactation. Their offspring were then weaned onto chow or cafeteria diet giving four groups of animals (CC, CO, OC, OO n=9-10). Livers were harvested 10 weeks post-weaning for assessment of gene and protein expression, and DNA methylation. Cafeteria feeding post-weaning impaired glucose tolerance and was associated with sex-specific altered mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARg) and components of the insulin-signalling pathway (Irs2, Akt1 and IrB). Exposure to the cafeteria diet during the suckling period modified the later response to the dietary challenge. Post-weaning cafeteria feeding only down-regulated IrB when associated with cafeteria feeding during suckling (group OO, interaction of diet in weaning and lactation P=0.041). Responses to cafeteria diet during both phases of the experiment varied between males and females. Global DNA methylation was altered in the liver following cafeteria feeding in the post-weaning period, in males but not females. Methylation of the IrB promoter was increased in group OC, but not OO (P=0.036). The findings of this study add to a growing evidence base that suggests tissue function across the lifespan a product of cumulative modifications to the epigenome and transcriptome, which may be both tissue and sex-specific.

Citation

Daniel, Z., Akyol, A., McMullen, S., & Langley-Evans, S. C. (2013). Exposure of neonatal rats to maternal cafeteria feeding during suckling alters hepatic gene expression and DNA methylation in the insulin signalling pathway. Genes and Nutrition, 9(1), doi:10.1007/s12263-013-0365-3

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 20, 2013
Deposit Date Mar 16, 2015
Publicly Available Date Mar 16, 2015
Journal Genes and Nutrition
Print ISSN 1555-8932
Electronic ISSN 1555-8932
Publisher Humana Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 1
Article Number 365
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12263-013-0365-3
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/28478
Publisher URL http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12263-013-0365-3
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12263-013-0365-3

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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