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The Global Survey of Public Servants: Evidence from 1,300,000 Public Servants in 1,300 Government Institutions in 23 Countries

Schuster, Christian; Mikkelsen, Kim Sass; Rogger, Daniel; Fukuyama, Francis; Hasnain, Zahid; Mistree, Dinsha; Meyer‐Sahling, Jan; Bersch, Katherine; Kay, Kerenssa


Christian Schuster

Kim Sass Mikkelsen

Daniel Rogger

Francis Fukuyama

Zahid Hasnain

Dinsha Mistree

Katherine Bersch

Kerenssa Kay


Understanding how public administrations around the world function and differ is crucial for strengthening their effectiveness. Most comparative measures of bureaucracy rely on surveys of experts, households, or firms, rather than directly questioning bureaucrats. Direct surveys of public officials create granular data for analysis and government action, so are becoming a cornerstone of public sector management. This article introduces the Global Survey of Public Servants (GSPS), a global initiative to collect and harmonize large-scale, comparable survey data on public servants. The corresponding GSPS data set currently contains responses from 1,300,000+ bureaucrats in 1,300+ government institutions in 23 countries. The surveys measure both employee attitudes (such as job satisfaction and motivation), and their experience with management practices (such as recruitment and performance management). This harmonized data enables governments to benchmark themselves and scholars to study comparative public administration and the state differently, based on micro-data from actors who experience government first-hand.


Schuster, C., Mikkelsen, K. S., Rogger, D., Fukuyama, F., Hasnain, Z., Mistree, D., …Kay, K. (2023). The Global Survey of Public Servants: Evidence from 1,300,000 Public Servants in 1,300 Government Institutions in 23 Countries. Public Administration Review,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 26, 2023
Online Publication Date Feb 5, 2023
Publication Date Feb 5, 2023
Deposit Date Feb 22, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 6, 2025
Journal Public Administration Review
Print ISSN 0033-3352
Electronic ISSN 1540-6210
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Marketing; Public Administration; Sociology and Political Science
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Received: 2022-09-19; Accepted: 2023-01-26; Published: 2023-02-05