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Transitions: A Protocol-Independent View of the Future Internet

Alt, Bastian; Weckesser, Markus; Becker, Christian; Hollick, Matthias; Kar, Sounak; Klein, Anja; Klose, Robin; Kluge, Roland; Koeppl, Heinz; Koldehofe, Boris; Khudabukhsh, Wasiur R.; Luthra, Manisha; Mousavi, Mahdi; Muhlhauser, Max; Pfannemuller, Martin; Rizk, Amr; Schurr, Andy; Steinmetz, Ralf


Bastian Alt

Markus Weckesser

Christian Becker

Matthias Hollick

Sounak Kar

Anja Klein

Robin Klose

Roland Kluge

Heinz Koeppl

Boris Koldehofe

Manisha Luthra

Mahdi Mousavi

Max Muhlhauser

Martin Pfannemuller

Amr Rizk

Andy Schurr

Ralf Steinmetz


Countless novel approaches to communication protocols, overlay networks, and distributed middleware are published every year, yet the adoption of such novel findings in the global Internet landscape progresses at a slow pace. Many of such new communication mechanisms excel (only) under specific deployment conditions, while user mobility and application usage patterns lead to dynamic operation conditions. This mismatch is one reason that makes a wide deployment of new specialized mechanisms particularly hard as observed, for example, for multipath transport protocol extensions until the emergence of multipath transmission control protocol (TCP). This paper formalizes the concept of Transitions, i.e., a method to instrumentalize adaptivity at runtime in communication systems. It allows to exchange communication mechanisms in a running system to optimize the communication quality. In the following, we describe the building blocks required to: 1) capture the features and relations within a communication system and 2) express and optimize the decision making process in such a system. We show how this concept maps intuitively to the Internet model which makes a protocol-independent deployment of applications feasible in the future Internet.


Alt, B., Weckesser, M., Becker, C., Hollick, M., Kar, S., Klein, A., …Steinmetz, R. (2019). Transitions: A Protocol-Independent View of the Future Internet. Proceedings of the IEEE, 107(4), 835-846.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 17, 2019
Online Publication Date Feb 24, 2019
Publication Date 2019-04
Deposit Date Dec 24, 2022
Journal Proceedings of the IEEE
Print ISSN 0018-9219
Electronic ISSN 1558-2256
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 107
Issue 4
Pages 835-846
Keywords Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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