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The Potential of Structurally Insulated Panels (SIPs) to Supply Net Zero Carbon Housing

Finnegan, Stephen; Edwards, Robert; Al-Derbi, Bushra; Campbell, Iona; Fulton, Matt

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Stephen Finnegan

Robert Edwards

Bushra Al-Derbi

Iona Campbell

Matt Fulton


Francesco Asdrubali

Lan Ding


Governments throughout the EU and the UK face a persistent challenge of satisfying the continual growth in demand for housing and create zero carbon buildings. This paper presents a novel conceptual framework and empirical results to evaluate the potential for Structurally Insulated Panels (SIPs) to address this challenge. Firstly, we present a comprehensive analysis of the energy performance of a SIPs building in the UK to evaluate the potential for such technologies to satisfy the energy and carbon objectives. Using our unique data set we show that SIPs can exceed the necessary energy efficiency standards and reach Net Zero Carbon. Secondly, we introduce game theory as a novel conceptual framework to understand the incentives of the manufacturers of SIPs and UK/EU authorities. This enables us to identify potential sources of incentive conflict, which inhibit the diffusion of such technologies. We demonstrate that it benefits both parties to engage in medium investment, but the inferior under investment scenario can emerge if the UK/EU does not provide leadership and commitment to SIPs technologies. Regardless of the market design in terms of the timing of decisions, the maximum level of support by both the UK/EU and the SIPs manufacturers cannot be achieved.


Finnegan, S., Edwards, R., Al-Derbi, B., Campbell, I., & Fulton, M. (2022). The Potential of Structurally Insulated Panels (SIPs) to Supply Net Zero Carbon Housing. Buildings, 12(12), Article 2081.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 24, 2022
Online Publication Date Nov 28, 2022
Publication Date 2022-12
Deposit Date Nov 30, 2022
Publicly Available Date Dec 2, 2022
Journal Buildings
Electronic ISSN 2075-5309
Publisher MDPI AG
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 12
Article Number 2081
Keywords Article, Net Zero Carbon, Zero Energy Homes, modern methods of construction, CO2e, Passivhaus, solar PV, SIPs, game theory
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