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Dynamical Casimir effect in curved spacetime

Lock, Maximilian P.E.; Fuentes, Ivette

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Maximilian P.E. Lock

Ivette Fuentes


A boundary undergoing relativistic motion can create particles from quantum vacuum fluctuations in a phenomenon known as the dynamical Casimir effect (DCE). We examine the creation of particles, and more generally the transformation of quantum field states, due to boundary motion in curved spacetime. We provide a novel method enabling the calculation of the effect for a wide range of trajectories and spacetimes. We apply this to the experimental scenario used to detect the DCE, now adopting the Schwarzschild metric, and find novel resonances in particle creation as a result of the spacetime curvature. Finally, we discuss a potential enhancement of the effect for the phonon field of a Bose–Einstein condensate.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 1, 2017
Online Publication Date Jun 1, 2017
Publication Date Jul 7, 2017
Deposit Date Dec 6, 2018
Publicly Available Date Dec 18, 2018
Journal New Journal of Physics
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Article Number 073005
Public URL
Publisher URL


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