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Eating disorder symptomatology and body mass index are associated with readers’ expectations about character behavior: evidence from eye-tracking during reading

Ralph-Nearman, Christina; Filik, Ruth

Authors

Christina Ralph-Nearman

RUTH FILIK ruth.filik@nottingham.ac.uk
Associate Professor



Abstract

Objective: Many theories have been put forward suggesting key factors underlying the development and maintenance of eating disorders, such as: unhealthy food-related cognitive biases, negative body attitude, and perfectionism; however, underlying cognitive processes associated with eating disorder symptomatology remain unclear. We used eye-tracking during reading as a novel implicit measure of how these factors may relate to eating disorder symptomatology.
Method: In two experiments, we monitored women’s eye movements while they read texts in which the characters’ emotional responses to food-, body image-, and perfectionism-related scenarios were described. Participants’ eating disorder symptomatology was then assessed.
Results: Both studies suggest that moment-to-moment processing of characters’ emotional responses to perfectionism-, and to a lesser extent, body image-related information was associated with participants’ eating disorder symptomatology, thus supporting theories in which these factors are key to developing and maintaining eating disorders.

Citation

Ralph-Nearman, C., & Filik, R. (2018). Eating disorder symptomatology and body mass index are associated with readers’ expectations about character behavior: evidence from eye-tracking during reading. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 51(9), 1070-1079. doi:10.1002/eat.22961

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 4, 2018
Online Publication Date Oct 12, 2018
Publication Date 2018-09
Deposit Date Oct 9, 2018
Publicly Available Date Oct 1, 2019
Print ISSN 0276-3478
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 51
Issue 9
Pages 1070-1079
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22961
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1154099
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eat.22961

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