Eating disorder symptomatology and body mass index are associated with readers’ expectations about character behavior: evidence from eye-tracking during reading
Ralph-Nearman, Christina; Filik, Ruth
RUTH FILIK firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: Many theories have been put forward suggesting key factors underlying the development and maintenance of eating disorders, such as: unhealthy food-related cognitive biases, negative body attitude, and perfectionism; however, underlying cognitive processes associated with eating disorder symptomatology remain unclear. We used eye-tracking during reading as a novel implicit measure of how these factors may relate to eating disorder symptomatology.
Method: In two experiments, we monitored women’s eye movements while they read texts in which the characters’ emotional responses to food-, body image-, and perfectionism-related scenarios were described. Participants’ eating disorder symptomatology was then assessed.
Results: Both studies suggest that moment-to-moment processing of characters’ emotional responses to perfectionism-, and to a lesser extent, body image-related information was associated with participants’ eating disorder symptomatology, thus supporting theories in which these factors are key to developing and maintaining eating disorders.
Ralph-Nearman, C., & Filik, R. (2018). Eating disorder symptomatology and body mass index are associated with readers’ expectations about character behavior: evidence from eye-tracking during reading. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 51(9), 1070-1079. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22961
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Sep 4, 2018|
|Online Publication Date||Oct 12, 2018|
|Deposit Date||Oct 9, 2018|
|Publicly Available Date||Oct 1, 2019|
|Journal||International Journal of Eating Disorders|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
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