Charlotte K. Billington
Impact of hydration status on haemodynamics, effects of acute blood pressure lowering treatment, and prognosis after stroke
Billington, Charlotte K.; Appleton, Jason P.; Berge, Eivind; Sprigg, Nikola; Glover, Mark; Bath, Philip M.W.
Jason P. Appleton
NIKOLA SPRIGG firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor of Stroke Medicine
MARK GLOVER Mark.Glover@nottingham.ac.uk
Clinical Associate Professor
PHILIP BATH email@example.com
Stroke Association Professor of Stroke Medicine
High blood pressure (BP) is common in acute stroke and associated with poor outcome, but the Efficacy of Nitric Oxide in Stroke (ENOS) trial showed no beneficial effect of antihypertensive treatment in this situation. Antihypertensive agents have accentuated effects in dehydrated patients. We assessed the impact of dehydration on haemodynamics, effects of antihypertensive treatment and prognosis in the ENOS trial.
ENOS randomised 4011 patients with acute stroke and raised systolic BP to glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) patch or no GTN, and to continue or to stop existing antihypertensive treatment within 48 hours of onset. The primary outcome was functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale, mRS) at day 90. Blood markers of dehydration at baseline were collected at two sites (n=310) and their relation to haemodynamics and outcome was assessed.
There were no significant associations between dehydration markers and fall in blood pressure from baseline to day 1, and no significant interaction with allocated treatment. Overall, increasing urea was associated with an unfavourable shift in mRS (OR 3.43, 95% CI 1.42 to 8.32, p=0.006) and increased risk of death at day 90 (HR 4.55, 95% CI 1.51 to 13.66, p=0.007).
Blood pressure lowering treatment was safe in dehydrated patients, with no precipitous changes in BP, this supporting its use in acute stroke prior to blood markers of dehydration becoming available. Increased baseline urea was associated with poor prognosis after stroke.
Billington, C. K., Appleton, J. P., Berge, E., Sprigg, N., Glover, M., & Bath, P. M. (2018). Impact of hydration status on haemodynamics, effects of acute blood pressure lowering treatment, and prognosis after stroke. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 84(12), 2914-2922. https://doi.org/10.1111/bcp.13761
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 28, 2018|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 8, 2018|
|Publication Date||Dec 1, 2018|
|Deposit Date||Oct 9, 2018|
|Publicly Available Date||Nov 28, 2018|
|Journal||British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Dehydration; Blood pressure; Acute stroke; Ischaemic stroke; Intracerebral haemorrhage; Glyceryl trinitrate; Nitrate|
Impact of hydration
Publisher Licence URL
You might also like
GSTCD and INTS12 regulation and expression in the human lung
HTR4 gene structure and altered expression in the developing lung