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A three-electrode integrated photo-supercapacitor utilizing graphene-based intermediate bifunctional electrode

Lau, Siawcheng; Lim, Hong Ngee; Ravoof, Thahira; Yaacob, Mohd; Grant, David; Mackenzie, Roderick; Harrison, Ian; Huang, Nay Ming


Siawcheng Lau

Hong Ngee Lim

Thahira Ravoof

Mohd Yaacob

Professor of Materials Science

Roderick Mackenzie

Ian Harrison

Nay Ming Huang


A dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) employing a compact and mesoporous titania (TiO2) film as the anode was integrated with a symmetrical supercapacitor utilizing polypyrrole/reduced graphene oxide (PPy/rGO) electrodes to form a photo-supercapacitor. The double-sided-electrodeposited PPy/rGO material served as an intermediate electrode which was bifunctional in nature; acting as a counter electrode for the DSSC to permit electrolyte regeneration, and also as an electrode for the supercapacitor. The isolated DSSC and supercapacitor were characterized before the integration, and the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the DSSC was 2.4%, while the specific capacitance of the supercapacitor was 308.1 F/g. The performance of the integrated photo-supercapacitor was tested under a light illumination of 100 mW/cm2. By using a single PPy/rGO electrode at the cell/supercapacitor interface, an extended lifetime was achieved with up to 50 charge/discharge cycles. The photo-supercapacitor possessed a specific capacitance of 124.7 F g?1, and a retention percentage of 70.9% was obtained after 50 consecutive charge/discharge cycles.


Lau, S., Lim, H. N., Ravoof, T., Yaacob, M., Grant, D., Mackenzie, R., …Huang, N. M. (2017). A three-electrode integrated photo-supercapacitor utilizing graphene-based intermediate bifunctional electrode. Electrochimica Acta, 238, 178-184.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 1, 2017
Online Publication Date Apr 2, 2017
Publication Date Jun 1, 2017
Deposit Date Sep 20, 2018
Publicly Available Date Oct 29, 2018
Print ISSN 0013-4686
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 238
Pages 178-184
Public URL
Publisher URL


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