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In vitro antitumor mechanism of (E)-N-(2-methoxy-5-(((2,4,6-trimethoxystyryl)sulfonyl)methyl)pyridin-3-yl)methanesulfonamide

Lu, Tiangong; Laughton, Charles; Wang, Shudong; Bradshaw, Tracey


Tiangong Lu

Charles Laughton

Shudong Wang

Tracey Bradshaw


ON01910.Na [sodium (E)-2-(2-methoxy-5-((2,4,6-trimethoxystyrylsulfonyl)methyl)phenylamino)acetate; Rigosertib, Estybon], a styryl benzylsulfone, is a phase III stage anticancer agent. This non-ATP competitive kinase inhibitor has multitargeted activity, promoting mitotic arrest and apoptosis. Extensive phase I/II studies with ON01910.Na, conducted in patients with solid tumors and hematologic cancers, demonstrate excellent efficacy. However, issues remain affecting its development. These include incomplete understanding of antitumor mechanisms, low oral bioavailability, and unpredictable pharmacokinetics. We have identified a novel (E)-styrylsulfonyl methylpyridine [(E)-N-(2-methoxy-5-((2,4,6-trimethoxystyrylsulfonyl)methyl)pyridin-3-yl)methanesulfonamide (TL-77)] which has shown improved oral bioavailability compared with ON01910.Na. Here, we present detailed cellular mechanisms of TL-77 in comparison with ON01910.Na. TL-77 displays potent growth inhibitory activity in vitro (GI50 < 1μM against HCT-116 cells), demonstrating 3- to 10-fold greater potency against tumor cell lines when compared with normal cells. Cell-cycle analyses reveal that TL-77 causes significant G2/M arrest in cancer cells, followed by the onset of apoptosis. In cell-free conditions, TL-77 potently inhibits tubulin polymerization. Mitotically arrested cells display multipolar spindles and misalignment of chromosomes, indicating that TL-77 interferes with mitotic spindle assembly in cancer cells. These effects are accompanied by induction of DNA damage, inhibition of Cdc25C phosphorylation [indicative of Plk1 inhibition], and downstream inhibition of cyclin B1. However, kinase assays failed to confirm inhibition of Plk1. Nonsignificant effects on phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt signal transduction were observed after TL-77 treatment. Analysis of apoptotic signaling pathways reveals that TL-77 downregulates expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 family proteins (Bid, Bcl-xl, and Mcl-1) and stimulates caspase activation. Taken together, TL-77 represents a promising anticancer agent worthy of further evaluation.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Print ISSN 0026-895X
Publisher American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 87
Issue 1
Pages 18-30
APA6 Citation Lu, T., Laughton, C., Wang, S., & Bradshaw, T. (2015). In vitro antitumor mechanism of (E)-N-(2-methoxy-5-(((2,4,6-trimethoxystyryl)sulfonyl)methyl)pyridin-3-yl)methanesulfonamide. Molecular Pharmacology, 87(1), 18-30. doi:10.1124/mol.114.093245
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