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Mental Health of Japanese Workers: Amotivation Mediates Self-Compassion on Mental Health Problems

Kotera, Yasuhiro; Asano, Kenichi; Kotera, Hiromasa; Ohshima, Remi; Rushforth, Annabel

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Authors

Kenichi Asano

Hiromasa Kotera

Remi Ohshima

Annabel Rushforth



Abstract

Workplace mental health is a cause for concern in many countries. Globally, 78% of the workforce experienced impairment of their mental health in 2020. In Japan, more than half of employees are mentally distressed. Previously, research has identified that self-compassion (i.e., being kind and understanding towards oneself) and work motivation were important to their mental health. However, how these three components relate to each other remains to be elucidated. Accordingly, this study aimed to examine the relationship between mental health problems, self-compassion and work motivation (i.e., intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation). A cross-sectional design was employed, where 165 Japanese workers completed self-report scales regarding those three components. A correlation and path analyses were conducted. Mental health problems were positively associated with amotivation and negatively associated with age and self-compassion. While intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation did not mediate the impact of self-compassion on mental health problems, amotivation did. The findings can help managers and organizational psychologists help identify effective approaches to improving work mental health.

Citation

Kotera, Y., Asano, K., Kotera, H., Ohshima, R., & Rushforth, A. (2022). Mental Health of Japanese Workers: Amotivation Mediates Self-Compassion on Mental Health Problems. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(17), Article 10497. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191710497

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 20, 2022
Online Publication Date Aug 23, 2022
Publication Date Aug 23, 2022
Deposit Date Nov 6, 2022
Publicly Available Date Nov 7, 2022
Journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Print ISSN 1661-7827
Electronic ISSN 1660-4601
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 17
Article Number 10497
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191710497
Keywords Japanese workers, mental health, self-compassion, amotivation, mediation
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/10628540
Publisher URL https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/17/10497

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