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Persistent localized states for a chaotically mixed bistable reaction

Cox, Stephen M.

Authors

Stephen M. Cox stephen.cox@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

We describe the evolution of a bistable chemical reaction in a closed two-dimensional chaotic laminar flow, from a localized initial disturbance. When the fluid mixing is sufficiently slow, the disturbance may spread and eventually occupy the entire fluid domain. By contrast, rapid mixing tends to dilute the initial state and so extinguish the disturbance. Such a dichotomy is well known. However, we report here a hitherto apparently unremarked intermediate case, a persistent highly localized disturbance. Such a localized state arises when the Damkoehler number is great enough to sustain a "hot spot," but not so great as to lead to global spread. We show that such a disturbance is located in the neighborhood of an unstable periodic orbit of the flow, and we describe some limited aspects of its behavior using a reduced, lamellar model.

Copyright American Physical Society (APS) 2006.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 1, 2006
Journal Physical Review E
Print ISSN 2470-0045
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 74
Issue 5
APA6 Citation Cox, S. M. (2006). Persistent localized states for a chaotically mixed bistable reaction. Physical Review E, 74(5),
Keywords chaotic advection, sine flow, localized hotspot
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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