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Discrimination power of short-term heart rate variability measures for CHF assessment

Pecchia, Leandro; Melillo, Paolo; Bracale, Marcello

Authors

Leandro Pecchia leandro.pecchia@nottingham.ac.uk

Paolo Melillo paolo.melillo@unina.it

Marcello Bracale bracale@unina.it



Abstract

In this study, we investigated the discrimination power of short-term Heart Rate Variability (HRV) for discriminating normal subjects versus Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) patients. We analyzed 1,914.40 hours of ECG of 83 patients of which 54 are normal and 29 are suffering from CHF with New York Heart Classification (NYHA) I, II, III, extracted by public databases. Following guidelines, we performed time and frequency analysis in order to measure HRV features. To assess the discrimination power of HRV features we designed a classifier based on the Classification and Regression Tree (CART) method, which is a non-parametric statistical technique, strongly effective on non-normal medical data mining. The best subset of features for subject classification includes RMSSD, total power, high frequencies power and the ratio between low and high Frequencies power (LF/HF). The classifier we developed achieved specificity and sensitivity values of 79.31% and 100% respectively. Moreover, we demonstrated that it is possible to achieve specificity and sensitivity of 89.7% and 100% respectively, by introducing two non-standard features AVNN and LF/HF, which account respectively for variation over the 24 hours of the average of consecutive normal intervals (AVNN) and LF/HF. Our results are comparable with other similar studies, but the method we used is particularly valuable because it allows a fully human-understandable description of classification procedures, in terms of intelligible “if … then …” rules.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2011
Journal IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine
Print ISSN 1089-7771
Electronic ISSN 1089-7771
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Pecchia, L., Melillo, P., & Bracale, M. (2011). Discrimination power of short-term heart rate variability measures for CHF assessment. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, 15(1), doi:10.1109/TITB.2010.2091647
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/TITB.2010.2091647
Keywords HRV, CHF, worsening assessment, CHF detection, pattern recognition, CART
Publisher URL http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=5634118&tag=1
Related Public URLs http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=5634118&tag=1
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information "(c) 2011 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works."

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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