Research Repository

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Using GPUs to accelerate computational diffusion MRI: from microstructure estimation to tractography and connectomes (2018)
Journal Article
Hernandez-Fernandez, M., Reguly, I., Jbabdi, S., Giles, M., Smith, S., & Sotiropoulos, S. N. (2019). Using GPUs to accelerate computational diffusion MRI: from microstructure estimation to tractography and connectomes. NeuroImage, 188, 598-615. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.12.015

The great potential of computational diffusion MRI (dMRI) relies on indirect inference of tissue microstructure and brain connections, since modelling and tractography frameworks map diffusion measurements to neuroanatomical features. This mapping ho... Read More

Lifespan pigmentation changes of the substantia nigra detected by neuromelanin-sensitive MRI (2018)
Journal Article
Xing, Y., Sapuan, A., Dineen, R., & Auer, D. P. (2018). Lifespan pigmentation changes of the substantia nigra detected by neuromelanin-sensitive MRI. Movement Disorders, 33(11), 1792-1799. doi:10.1002/mds.27502

Background: Neuromelanin is a pigment with strong iron-chelating properties preferentially found in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra, pars compacta (SNpc). Parkinson's disease is characterized by pronounced, MRI detectable neuromelanin lo... Read More

How do spatially distinct frequency specific MEG networks emerge from one underlying structural connectome? The role of the structural eigenmodes (2018)
Journal Article
Tewarie, P., Abeysuriya, R., Byrne, Á., O'Neill, G. C., Sotioropoulos, S. N., Brookes, M. J., & Coombes, S. (2019). How do spatially distinct frequency specific MEG networks emerge from one underlying structural connectome? The role of the structural eigenmodes. NeuroImage, 186, 211-220. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.10.079

Functional networks obtained from magnetoencephalography (MEG) from different frequency bands show distinct spatial patterns. It remains to be elucidated how distinct spatial patterns in MEG networks emerge given a single underlying structural networ... Read More

Automated quality control for within and between studies diffusion MRI data using a non-parametric framework for movement and distortion correction (2018)
Journal Article
Bastiani, M., Cottaar, M., Fitzgibbon, S. P., Suri, S., Alfaro-Almagro, F., Sotiropoulos, S. N., …Andersson, J. (2019). Automated quality control for within and between studies diffusion MRI data using a non-parametric framework for movement and distortion correction. NeuroImage, 184, (801-812). doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.09.073. ISSN 1053-8119

Diffusion MRI data can be affected by hardware and subject-related artefacts that can adversely affect downstream analyses. Therefore, automated quality control (QC) is of great importance, especially in large population studies where visual QC is no... Read More

Extending the Human Connectome Project across ages: imaging protocols for the Lifespan Development and Aging projects (2018)
Journal Article
Harms, M. P., Somerville, L. H., Ances, B. M., Andersson, J., Barch, D. M., Bastiani, M., …Yacoub, E. (2018). Extending the Human Connectome Project across ages: imaging protocols for the Lifespan Development and Aging projects. NeuroImage, 183, (972-984). doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.09.060. ISSN 1095-9572

The Human Connectome Projects in Development (HCP-D) and Aging (HCP-A) are two large-scale brain imaging studies that will extend the recently completed HCP Young-Adult (HCP-YA) project to nearly the full lifespan, collecting structural, resting-sta... Read More

Cine MRI assessment of motility in the unprepared small bowel in the fasting and fed state: beyond the breath-hold (2018)
Journal Article
Hoad, C., Marciani, L., Spiller, R., Gowland, P., & Moran, G. (2019). Cine MRI assessment of motility in the unprepared small bowel in the fasting and fed state: beyond the breath-hold. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 31(1), doi:10.1111/nmo.13466

Background The symptoms of functional bowel disorders are common in postprandial but investigations are generally undertaken in the fasted state using invasive procedures. MRI provides a noninvasive tool to study the gastrointestinal tract in an u... Read More

Altered nucleus basalis connectivity predicts treatment response in mild cognitive impairment (2018)
Journal Article
Meng, D., Li, X., Bauer, M., Taylor, J., Auer, D. P., & Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, . (2018). Altered nucleus basalis connectivity predicts treatment response in mild cognitive impairment. Radiology, 2018, doi:10.1148/radiol.2018180092

Purpose: To determine whether functional connectivity (FC) mapping of nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) cholinergic network (hereafter, NBM FC) could provide a biomarker of central cholinergic deficits with predictive potential for response to choline... Read More

Exposing latent fingermarks on problematic metal surfaces using time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (2018)
Journal Article
Thandauthapani, T. D., Reeve, A. J., Long, A. S., Turner, I. J., & Sharp, J. S. (2018). Exposing latent fingermarks on problematic metal surfaces using time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy. Science and Justice, 58(6), 405-414. doi:10.1016/j.scijus.2018.08.004

Fingermarks are a key form of physical evidence for identifying persons of interest and linking them to the scene of a crime. Visualising latent (hidden) fingermarks can be difficult and the correct choice of techniques is essential to develop and pr... Read More

Cognitive neuroscience using wearable magnetometer arrays: non-invasive assessment of language function (2018)
Journal Article
Tierney, T. M., Holmes, N., Meyer, S. S., Boto, E., Roberts, G., Leggett, J., …Barnes, G. R. (2018). Cognitive neuroscience using wearable magnetometer arrays: non-invasive assessment of language function. NeuroImage, 181, (513-520). doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.07.035. ISSN 1053-8119

Recent work has demonstrated that Optically Pumped Magnetometers (OPMs) can be utilised to create a wearable Magnetoencephalography (MEG) system that is motion robust. In this study, we use this system to map eloquent cortex using a clinically valida... Read More

A bi-planar coil system for nulling background magnetic fields in scalp mounted magnetoencephalography (2018)
Journal Article
Holmes, N., Leggett, J., Boto, E., Roberts, G., Hill, R. M., Tierney, T. M., …Bowtell, R. (2018). A bi-planar coil system for nulling background magnetic fields in scalp mounted magnetoencephalography. NeuroImage, 181, (760-774). doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.07.028. ISSN 1053-8119

Small, commercially-available Optically Pumped Magnetometers (OPMs) can be used to construct a wearable Magnetoencephalography (MEG) system that allows large head movements to be made during recording. The small dynamic range of these sensors however... Read More

Cognition based bTBI mechanistic criteria; a tool for preventive and therapeutic innovations (2018)
Journal Article
Garcia-Gonzalez, D., Race, N. S., Voets, N. L., Jenkins, D. R., Sotiropoulos, S. N., Acosta, G., …Jérusalem, A. (in press). Cognition based bTBI mechanistic criteria; a tool for preventive and therapeutic innovations. Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-28271-7

Blast-induced traumatic brain injury has been associated with neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders. To date, although damage due to oxidative stress appears to be important, the specific mechanistic causes of such disorders remain elusive... Read More

Automated processing pipeline for neonatal diffusion MRI in the developing Human Connectome Project (2018)
Journal Article
Bastiani, M., Andersson, J. L., Cordero-Grande, L., Murgasova, M., Hutter, J., Price, A. N., …Sotiropoulos, S. N. (2019). Automated processing pipeline for neonatal diffusion MRI in the developing Human Connectome Project. NeuroImage, 185, 750-763. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.05.064

The developing Human Connectome Project is set to create and make available to the scientific community a 4-dimensional map of functional and structural cerebral connectivity from 20 to 44 weeks post-menstrual age, to allow exploration of the genetic... Read More

Parkinson's disease related signal change in the nigrosomes 1–5 and the substantia nigra using T2* weighted 7T MRI (2018)
Journal Article
Schwarz, S. T., Mougin, O., Xing, Y., Blazejewska, A., Bajaj, N., Auer, D. P., & Gowland, P. (in press). Parkinson's disease related signal change in the nigrosomes 1–5 and the substantia nigra using T2* weighted 7T MRI. NeuroImage: Clinical, 19, doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.05.027

Improved markers for the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) are required. Previous work has proven that iron dependent MRI scans can detect the largest Nigrosome (N1) within the substantia nigra (SN) pars compacta and changes in PD. Histopatholo... Read More

Whole brain comparative anatomy using connectivity blueprints (2018)
Journal Article
Mars, R. B., Sotiropoulos, S. N., Passingham, R. E., Sallet, J., Verhagen, L., Khrapitchev, A. A., …Jbabdi, S. (in press). Whole brain comparative anatomy using connectivity blueprints. eLife, 7, doi:10.7554/eLife.35237. ISSN 2050-084X

Comparing the brains of related species faces the challenges of establishing homologies whilst accommodating evolutionary specializations. Here we propose a general framework for understanding similarities and differences between the brains of primat... Read More

A gyral coordinate system predictive of fibre orientations (2018)
Journal Article
Cottaar, M., Bastiani, M., Chen, C., Dikranian, K., Van Essen, D., Behrens, T. E., …Jbabdi, S. (2018). A gyral coordinate system predictive of fibre orientations. NeuroImage, 176, doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.04.040

When axonal fibres approach or leave the cortex, their trajectories tend to closely follow the cortical convolutions. To quantify this tendency, we propose a three-dimensional coordinate system based on the gyral geometry. For every voxel in the brai... Read More

Moving magnetoencephalography towards real-world applications with a wearable system (2018)
Journal Article
Boto, E., Holmes, N., Leggett, J., Roberts, G., Shah, V., Meyer, S. S., …Brookes, M. J. (2018). Moving magnetoencephalography towards real-world applications with a wearable system. Nature, 555, doi:10.1038/nature26147

Imaging human brain function with techniques such as magnetoencephalography1 (MEG) typically requires a subject to perform tasks whilst their head remains still within a restrictive scanner. This artificial environment makes the technique inaccessibl... Read More

Dynamic metabolic patterns tracking neurodegeneration and gliosis following 26S proteasome dysfunction in mouse forebrain neurons (2018)
Journal Article
Geiszler, P. C., Ugun-Klusek, A., Lawler, K., Pardon, M., Yuchun, D., Bai, L., …Bedford, L. (in press). Dynamic metabolic patterns tracking neurodegeneration and gliosis following 26S proteasome dysfunction in mouse forebrain neurons. Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-23155-2

Metabolite profiling is an important tool that may better capture the multiple features of neurodegeneration. With the considerable parallels between mouse and human metabolism, the use of metabolomics in mouse models with neurodegenerative pathology... Read More

Altered connectivity of the right anterior insula drives the pain connectome changes in chronic knee osteoarthritis (2018)
Journal Article
Cottam, W. J., Iwabuchi, S. J., Drabek, M. M., Reckziegel, D., & Auer, D. P. (2018). Altered connectivity of the right anterior insula drives the pain connectome changes in chronic knee osteoarthritis. PAIN, 159(5), doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001209

Resting-state functional connectivity (FC) has proven a powerful approach to understand the neural underpinnings of chronic pain, reporting altered connectivity in three main networks: the default mode (DMN), central executive (CEN), and the salience... Read More

Bayesian optimization of large-scale biophysical networks (2018)
Journal Article
Hadida, J., Sotiropoulos, S. N., Abeysuriya, R. G., Woolrich, M. W., & Jbabdi, S. (2018). Bayesian optimization of large-scale biophysical networks. NeuroImage, 174, doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.02.063

The relationship between structure and function in the human brain is well established, but not yet well characterised. Large-scale biophysical models allow us to investigate this relationship, by leveraging structural information (e.g. derived from... Read More

A biophysical model of dynamic balancing of excitation and inhibition in fast oscillatory large-scale networks (2018)
Journal Article
Abeysuriya, R. G., Hadida, J., Sotiropoulos, S. N., Jbabdi, S., Becker, R., Hunt, B. A., …Woolrich, M. W. (in press). A biophysical model of dynamic balancing of excitation and inhibition in fast oscillatory large-scale networks. PLoS Computational Biology, 14(2), doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006007

Over long timescales, neuronal dynamics can be robust to quite large perturbations, such as changes in white matter connectivity and grey matter structure through processes including learning, aging, development and certain disease processes. One pos... Read More