Research Repository

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Glycemic, Gastrointestinal, Hormonal and Appetitive Responses to Pearl Millet or Oats Porridge Breakfasts: a Randomized, Crossover Trial in Healthy Humans (2019)
Journal Article
Alyami, J., Whitehouse, E., Yakubov, G. E., Pritchard, S. E., Hoad, C. L., Blackshaw, E., …Marciani, L. (2019). Glycemic, Gastrointestinal, Hormonal and Appetitive Responses to Pearl Millet or Oats Porridge Breakfasts: a Randomized, Crossover Trial in Healthy Humans. British Journal of Nutrition, doi:10.1017/S0007114519001880

Whole grain cereal breakfast consumption has been associated with beneficial effects on glucose and insulin metabolism as well as satiety. Pearl millet is a popular ancient grain variety that can be grown in hot, dry regions. However, little is known... Read More

Increased fasting small bowel water content in untreated coeliac disease and scleroderma as assessed by MRI (2019)
Journal Article
Lam, C., Sanders, D., Lanyon, P., Garsed, K., Foley, S., & Pritchard, S. (2019). Increased fasting small bowel water content in untreated coeliac disease and scleroderma as assessed by MRI. United European Gastroenterology Journal, doi:10.1177/2050640619860372

Background and aims: The regular overnight migrating motor complex (MMC) ensures that the normal fasting small bowel water content (SBWC) is minimised. We have applied our recently validated non-invasive magnetic resonance technique to assess SBWC in... Read More

Shot-noise-limited nanomechanical detection and radiation pressure backaction from an electron beam (2019)
Journal Article
Pairis, S., Donatini, F., Hocevar, M., Tumanov, D., Vaish, N., Claudon, J., …Verlot, P. (2019). Shot-noise-limited nanomechanical detection and radiation pressure backaction from an electron beam. Physical Review Letters, 122(8), doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.083603

Detecting nanomechanical motion has become an important challenge in science and technology. Recently, electromechanical coupling to focused electron beams has emerged as a promising method adapted to ultralow scale systems. However the fundamental m... Read More

Cine MRI assessment of motility in the unprepared small bowel in the fasting and fed state: beyond the breath-hold (2018)
Journal Article
Hoad, C., Marciani, L., Spiller, R., Gowland, P., & Moran, G. (2019). Cine MRI assessment of motility in the unprepared small bowel in the fasting and fed state: beyond the breath-hold. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 31(1), doi:10.1111/nmo.13466

Background The symptoms of functional bowel disorders are common in postprandial but investigations are generally undertaken in the fasted state using invasive procedures. MRI provides a noninvasive tool to study the gastrointestinal tract in an u... Read More

Exposing latent fingermarks on problematic metal surfaces using time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (2018)
Journal Article
Thandauthapani, T. D., Reeve, A. J., Long, A. S., Turner, I. J., & Sharp, J. S. (2018). Exposing latent fingermarks on problematic metal surfaces using time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy. Science and Justice, 58(6), 405-414. doi:10.1016/j.scijus.2018.08.004

Fingermarks are a key form of physical evidence for identifying persons of interest and linking them to the scene of a crime. Visualising latent (hidden) fingermarks can be difficult and the correct choice of techniques is essential to develop and pr... Read More

Cognitive neuroscience using wearable magnetometer arrays: non-invasive assessment of language function (2018)
Journal Article
Tierney, T. M., Holmes, N., Meyer, S. S., Boto, E., Roberts, G., Leggett, J., …Barnes, G. R. (2018). Cognitive neuroscience using wearable magnetometer arrays: non-invasive assessment of language function. NeuroImage, 181, (513-520). doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.07.035. ISSN 1053-8119

Recent work has demonstrated that Optically Pumped Magnetometers (OPMs) can be utilised to create a wearable Magnetoencephalography (MEG) system that is motion robust. In this study, we use this system to map eloquent cortex using a clinically valida... Read More

A bi-planar coil system for nulling background magnetic fields in scalp mounted magnetoencephalography (2018)
Journal Article
Holmes, N., Leggett, J., Boto, E., Roberts, G., Hill, R. M., Tierney, T. M., …Bowtell, R. (2018). A bi-planar coil system for nulling background magnetic fields in scalp mounted magnetoencephalography. NeuroImage, 181, (760-774). doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.07.028. ISSN 1053-8119

Small, commercially-available Optically Pumped Magnetometers (OPMs) can be used to construct a wearable Magnetoencephalography (MEG) system that allows large head movements to be made during recording. The small dynamic range of these sensors however... Read More

Moving magnetoencephalography towards real-world applications with a wearable system (2018)
Journal Article
Boto, E., Holmes, N., Leggett, J., Roberts, G., Shah, V., Meyer, S. S., …Brookes, M. J. (2018). Moving magnetoencephalography towards real-world applications with a wearable system. Nature, 555, 657-661. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature26147

Imaging human brain function with techniques such as magnetoencephalography1 (MEG) typically requires a subject to perform tasks whilst their head remains still within a restrictive scanner. This artificial environment makes the technique inaccessibl... Read More

A biophysical model of dynamic balancing of excitation and inhibition in fast oscillatory large-scale networks (2018)
Journal Article
Abeysuriya, R. G., Hadida, J., Sotiropoulos, S. N., Jbabdi, S., Becker, R., Hunt, B. A., …Woolrich, M. W. (in press). A biophysical model of dynamic balancing of excitation and inhibition in fast oscillatory large-scale networks. PLoS Computational Biology, 14(2), doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006007

Over long timescales, neuronal dynamics can be robust to quite large perturbations, such as changes in white matter connectivity and grey matter structure through processes including learning, aging, development and certain disease processes. One pos... Read More

Evaluating fibre orientation dispersion in white matter: comparison of diffusion MRI, histology and polarized light imaging (2017)
Journal Article
Mollink, J., Kleinnijenhuis, M., Cappellen van Walsum, A. V., Sotiropoulos, S. N., Cottaar, M., Mirfin, C., …Miller, K. L. (2017). Evaluating fibre orientation dispersion in white matter: comparison of diffusion MRI, histology and polarized light imaging. NeuroImage, 157, doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.06.001

Diffusion MRI is an exquisitely sensitive probe of tissue microstructure, and is currently the only non-invasive measure of the brain’s fibre architecture. As this technique becomes more sophisticated and microstructurally informative, there is incre... Read More

In vivo assessment of brainstem depigmentation in Parkinson’s: potential as severity marker for multi-centre studies (2016)
Journal Article
Schwarz, S. T., Xing, Y., Tomar, P., Bajaj, N., & Auer, D. P. (in press). In vivo assessment of brainstem depigmentation in Parkinson’s: potential as severity marker for multi-centre studies. Radiology, doi:10.1148/radiol.2016160662

Purpose: To investigate the pattern of neuromelanin signal intensity loss within the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc), locus coeruleus, and ventral tegmental area in Parkinson disease (PD); the specific aims were (a) to study regional magnetic... Read More