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Outputs (27)

Thermoplastic composite injection-overmoulding with indirectly-loaded reinforcement: Design for manufacture (2024)
Journal Article
Parsons, A. J., Chen, S., Ryder, A., Bradley, D., Warrior, N. A., & Harper, L. T. (2024). Thermoplastic composite injection-overmoulding with indirectly-loaded reinforcement: Design for manufacture. Composite Structures, 337, Article 118056. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2024.118056

Thermoplastic Overmoulding is an emerging manufacturing method combining low-cost, high-rate injection moulding with continuous fibre composite elements. The combination of materials with dissimilar stiffnesses can create stress concentrations and wa... Read More about Thermoplastic composite injection-overmoulding with indirectly-loaded reinforcement: Design for manufacture.

Process parameter optimisation for manufacturing porous bioactive silicate glass microspheres via flame spheroidisation: The goldilocks effect (2023)
Journal Article
Islam, M. T., Parsons, A. J., Nuzulia, N. A., Sari, Y. W., Ren, H., Booth, J., & Ahmed, I. (2023). Process parameter optimisation for manufacturing porous bioactive silicate glass microspheres via flame spheroidisation: The goldilocks effect. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 614, Article 122393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2023.122393

This study investigated the influence of flame spheroidisation process parameters for successfully manufacturing solid (dense) and highly porous microspheres from Food and Drug Administration approved bioactive 45S5 glass and 45S5 with addition of vi... Read More about Process parameter optimisation for manufacturing porous bioactive silicate glass microspheres via flame spheroidisation: The goldilocks effect.

Reinforcing fibres (2023)
Book Chapter
Parsons, A. (2023). Reinforcing fibres. In L. Harper, & M. Clifford (Eds.), Design and Manufacture of Structural Composites (19-34). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819160-6.00008-1

This chapter provides information on the type of reinforcing fibres commonly used in polymer composites. Inorganic and organic fibres are described along with general information on their manufacture, applications, and representative properties. Suit... Read More about Reinforcing fibres.

L-DOPA coating improved phosphate glass fibre strength and fibre/matrix interface (2022)
Journal Article
Tan, C., Rudd, C. D., Parsons, A. J., Sharmin, N., & Ahmed, I. (2022). L-DOPA coating improved phosphate glass fibre strength and fibre/matrix interface. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 136, Article 105480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2022.105480

The levodopa (L-DOPA) has been reported as a promising adhesive for various materials. In this study, we utilized L-DOPA as an interfacial agent for phosphate glass fibre/polycaprolactone (PGF/PCL) composites, with the aim to enhance the interfacial... Read More about L-DOPA coating improved phosphate glass fibre strength and fibre/matrix interface.

Controlling mass loss from RTM6 epoxy resin under simulated vacuum infusion conditions (2022)
Journal Article
Parsons, A. J., Gonciaruk, A., Zeng, X., Thomann, F. S., Schubel, P., Lorrillard, J., & Johnson, M. S. (2022). Controlling mass loss from RTM6 epoxy resin under simulated vacuum infusion conditions. Polymer Testing, 107, Article 107473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymertesting.2022.107473

A certified aerospace resin (RTM 6) normally utilised for resin transfer moulding is considered for vacuum infusion. The resin was subjected to simulated vacuum infusion conditions by using a specialised thermogravimetric analysis that enables contro... Read More about Controlling mass loss from RTM6 epoxy resin under simulated vacuum infusion conditions.

Characterisation of bone regeneration in 3D printed ductile PCL/PEG/hydroxyapatite scaffolds with high ceramic microparticle concentrations (2021)
Journal Article
Cao, C., Huang, P., Prasopthum, A., Parsons, A. J., Ai, F., & Yang, J. (2022). Characterisation of bone regeneration in 3D printed ductile PCL/PEG/hydroxyapatite scaffolds with high ceramic microparticle concentrations. Biomaterials Science, 10(1), 138-152. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1bm01645h

3D printed bioactive glass or bioceramic particle reinforced composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering currently suffer from low particle concentration (100% breaking strain) by adding poly(ethylene glycol) which is biocompatible and FDA approv... Read More about Characterisation of bone regeneration in 3D printed ductile PCL/PEG/hydroxyapatite scaffolds with high ceramic microparticle concentrations.

Improved phosphate‐based glass fiber performance achieved through acid etch/polydopamine treatment (2019)
Journal Article
Parsons, A. J., Felfel, R. M., Wadge, M. D., & Grant, D. M. (2020). Improved phosphate‐based glass fiber performance achieved through acid etch/polydopamine treatment. International Journal of Applied Glass Science, 11(1), 35-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijag.13672

Phosphate based glass fibres (PGF) are of interest as reinforcements for degradable implants, but have seen limited application due to their rapid loss of strength when subjected to aqueous conditions. Previous studies have utilised heat treatments t... Read More about Improved phosphate‐based glass fiber performance achieved through acid etch/polydopamine treatment.

Production and characterisation of novel phosphate glass fibre yarns, textiles, and textile composites for biomedical applications (2019)
Journal Article
Wang, Y., Liu, X., Zhu, C., Parsons, A., Liu, J., Huang, S., …Sharmin, N. (2019). Production and characterisation of novel phosphate glass fibre yarns, textiles, and textile composites for biomedical applications. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 99, 47-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2019.07.017

This work presents manufacturing, processing and characterisation of the phosphate glass fibre (PGF) products for biomedical applications, including multifilament PGF strands, yarns and textiles, and PGF textile composites. The multifilament producti... Read More about Production and characterisation of novel phosphate glass fibre yarns, textiles, and textile composites for biomedical applications.

Effects of ZnO addition on thermal properties, degradation and biocompatibility of P45Mg24Ca16Na(15−x)Znx glasses (2019)
Journal Article
Wang, Y., Zhu, C., Parsons, A., Rudd, C., Ahmed, I., & Sharmin, N. (2019). Effects of ZnO addition on thermal properties, degradation and biocompatibility of P45Mg24Ca16Na(15−x)Znx glasses. Biomedical Glasses, 5(1), 53-66. https://doi.org/10.1515/bglass-2019-0005

Four phosphate-based glass formulations in the system P45Mg24Ca16Na(15−x)Znx, referred to as P45Znx (x = 0, 5, 10 and 15 mol%), were prepared using a melt quenching process. The effect of ZnO addition on density, molar volume, thermal properties and... Read More about Effects of ZnO addition on thermal properties, degradation and biocompatibility of P45Mg24Ca16Na(15−x)Znx glasses.

Ga and Ce ion-doped phosphate glass fibres with antibacterial properties and their composite for wound healing applications (2019)
Journal Article
Łapa, A., Cresswell, M., Campbell, I., Jackson, P., Goldmann, W. H., Detsch, R., …Boccaccini, A. R. (2019). Ga and Ce ion-doped phosphate glass fibres with antibacterial properties and their composite for wound healing applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 7(44), 6981-6993. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9tb00820a

© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Novel gallium/cerium-doped phosphate glass fibres (PGF) were successfully manufactured by the melt-quenching and melt-spinning process. The amorphous character of the materials produced was confirmed using X-ray... Read More about Ga and Ce ion-doped phosphate glass fibres with antibacterial properties and their composite for wound healing applications.

The mechanical property, degradation and cytocompatibility analysis of novel phosphate glass fiber textiles (2018)
Journal Article
Zhu, C., Ahmed, I., Parsons, A., Liu, J., & Liu, X. (2019). The mechanical property, degradation and cytocompatibility analysis of novel phosphate glass fiber textiles. Textile Research Journal, 89(16), 3280-3290. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517518809052

© The Author(s) 2018. Phosphate glass fibers have been widely considered as potential biomedical materials for orthopedical application due to their full degradability and excellent cytocompatibility. In this study, phosphate-based glass fibers were... Read More about The mechanical property, degradation and cytocompatibility analysis of novel phosphate glass fiber textiles.

Novel bioresorbable textile composites for medical applications (2018)
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Zhu, C., Ahmed, I., Parsons, A. J., Wang, Y., Tan, C., Liu, J., …Liu, X. (2018). Novel bioresorbable textile composites for medical applications. In N/A

Currently, phosphate glass fibre (PGF) reinforced composites are a potential solution for bone repairing due to sufficient mechanical properties and full bioresorbability. In this study, a small inkle-type loom for hand weaving facilitated the produc... Read More about Novel bioresorbable textile composites for medical applications.

Effects of Fe2O3 addition and annealing on the mechanical and dissolution properties of MgO- and CaO-containing phosphate glass fibres for bio-applications (2018)
Journal Article
Tan, C., Ahmed, I., Parsons, A. J., Zhu, C., Betanzos, F. B., & Liu, X. (2018). Effects of Fe2O3 addition and annealing on the mechanical and dissolution properties of MgO- and CaO-containing phosphate glass fibres for bio-applications. Biomedical Glasses, 4(1), https://doi.org/10.1515/bglass-2018-0006

This paper investigated the preparation of phosphate glass fibres (PGFs) in the following systems: i) 45P2O5-5B2O3-5Na2O-(29-x)CaO-16MgO-(x)Fe2O3and ii) 45P2O5-5B2O3-5Na2O-24CaO-(21-x)MgO-(x)Fe2O3(where x = 5, 8 and 11 mol%) for biomedical applicatio... Read More about Effects of Fe2O3 addition and annealing on the mechanical and dissolution properties of MgO- and CaO-containing phosphate glass fibres for bio-applications.

Novel bioresorbable phosphate glass fiber textile composites for medical applications (2017)
Journal Article
Zhu, C., Ahmed, I., Parsons, A. J., Wang, Y., Tan, C., Liu, J., …Liu, X. (2018). Novel bioresorbable phosphate glass fiber textile composites for medical applications. Polymer Composites, 39(S1), E140-E151. https://doi.org/10.1002/pc.24499

A manual bench-top inkle-type loom was designed to enable hand woven textiles. These PGF textiles, along with unidirectional (UD) fiber mats made from the same batch of yarns, were utilized to manufacture fully resorbable textile composites (T-C), un... Read More about Novel bioresorbable phosphate glass fiber textile composites for medical applications.

Structural, thermal and dissolution properties of MgO- and CaO-containing borophosphate glasses: effect of Fe2O3 addition (2017)
Journal Article
Tan, C., Ahmed, I., Parsons, A. J., Sharmin, N., Zhu, C., Liu, J., …Liu, X. (2017). Structural, thermal and dissolution properties of MgO- and CaO-containing borophosphate glasses: effect of Fe2O3 addition. Journal of Materials Science, 52(12), 7489-7502. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-0981-1

This paper investigated manufacture of high-durability phosphate glass fibres for biomedical applications. Five different borophosphate glass formulations in the systems of 45P2O5–5B2O3–5Na2O–(29 − x)CaO–16MgO–(x)Fe2O3 and 45P2O5–5B2O3–5Na2O–24CaO–(2... Read More about Structural, thermal and dissolution properties of MgO- and CaO-containing borophosphate glasses: effect of Fe2O3 addition.

Compositional dependency on dissolution rate and cytocompatibility of phosphate-based glasses: effect of B2O3 and Fe2O3 addition (2017)
Journal Article
Sharmin, N., Gu, F., Ahmed, I., & Parsons, A. J. (2017). Compositional dependency on dissolution rate and cytocompatibility of phosphate-based glasses: effect of B2O3 and Fe2O3 addition. Journal of Tissue Engineering, 8, 204173141774445. https://doi.org/10.1177/2041731417744454

The unique property of phosphate-based glasses and fibres to be completely dissolved in aqueous media is largely dependent on the glass composition. This article focuses on investigating the effect of replacing Na2O with 3 and 5 mol% Fe2O3 on cytocom... Read More about Compositional dependency on dissolution rate and cytocompatibility of phosphate-based glasses: effect of B2O3 and Fe2O3 addition.

Structure–properties relationships in fibre drawing of bioactive phosphate glasses (2017)
Journal Article
Muñoz-Senovilla, L., Muñoz, F., Tricot, G., Ahmed, I., & Parsons, A. J. (2017). Structure–properties relationships in fibre drawing of bioactive phosphate glasses. Journal of Materials Science, 52(15), 9166-9178. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-017-0773-7

New bioactive phosphate glasses suitable for continuous fibre production are investigated in this work. The structure of both bulk and fibres from Na2O–CaO–MgO–P2O5 glasses has been studied by means of Raman and 31P and 23Na nuclear magnetic resonanc... Read More about Structure–properties relationships in fibre drawing of bioactive phosphate glasses.

Structure, viscosity and fibre drawing properties of phosphate-based glasses: effect of boron and iron oxide addition (2016)
Journal Article
Sharmin, N., Rudd, C. D., Parsons, A. J., & Ahmed, I. (2016). Structure, viscosity and fibre drawing properties of phosphate-based glasses: effect of boron and iron oxide addition. Journal of Materials Science, 51(16), 7523-7535. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0032-3

© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Resorbable phosphate-based glasses have been applied as fibrous reinforcement for resorbable polymers for fracture fixation. The mechanical properties of these composites largely depend on the mechani... Read More about Structure, viscosity and fibre drawing properties of phosphate-based glasses: effect of boron and iron oxide addition.

In-situ polymerisation of fully bioresorbable polycaprolactone/phosphate glass fibre composites: In vitro degradation and mechanical properties (2015)
Journal Article
Chen, M., Parsons, A. J., Felfel, R. M., Rudd, C. D., Irvine, D. J., & Ahmed, I. (2016). In-situ polymerisation of fully bioresorbable polycaprolactone/phosphate glass fibre composites: In vitro degradation and mechanical properties. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 59, 78-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2015.12.019

Fully bioresorbable composites have been investigated in order to replace metal implant plates used for hard tissue repair. Retention of the composite mechanical properties within a physiological environment has been shown to be significantly affecte... Read More about In-situ polymerisation of fully bioresorbable polycaprolactone/phosphate glass fibre composites: In vitro degradation and mechanical properties.

Mechanical, degradation and cytocompatibility properties of magnesium coated phosphate glass fibre reinforced polycaprolactone composites (2014)
Journal Article
Liu, X., Hasan, M. S., Grant, D. M., Harper, L. T., Parsons, A. J., Palmer, G., …Ahmed, I. (2014). Mechanical, degradation and cytocompatibility properties of magnesium coated phosphate glass fibre reinforced polycaprolactone composites. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 29(5), https://doi.org/10.1177/0885328214541302

Retention of mechanical properties of phosphate glass fibre reinforced degradable polyesters such as polycaprolactone and polylactic acid in aqueous media has been shown to be strongly influenced by the integrity of the fibre/polymer interface. A pre... Read More about Mechanical, degradation and cytocompatibility properties of magnesium coated phosphate glass fibre reinforced polycaprolactone composites.

Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5 (2014)
Journal Article
Sharmin, N., Parsons, A. J., Rudd, C. D., & Ahmed, I. (2014). Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 29(5), 639-653. https://doi.org/10.1177/0885328214539824

© The Author(s) 2014. Previous studies investigating manufacture of phosphate-based glass fibres from glasses fixed with P2O5 content less than 50 mol% showed that continuous manufacture without breakage was very difficult. In this study, nine phosph... Read More about Effect of boron oxide addition on fibre drawing, mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of phosphate-based glass fibres with fixed 40, 45 and 50 mol% P2O5.

Initial mechanical properties of phosphate-glass fibre-reinforced rods for use as resorbable intramedullary nails (2012)
Journal Article
Felfel, R. M., Ahmed, I., Parsons, A. J., Harper, L. T., & Rudd, C. D. (2012). Initial mechanical properties of phosphate-glass fibre-reinforced rods for use as resorbable intramedullary nails. Journal of Materials Science, 47(12), 4884-4894. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-012-6355-9

This paper investigates the use of novel phosphate- glass fibre-reinforced rods as resorbable intramedullary nails. Random and unidirectional fibres were moulded into composite rods by forging at ∼100 °C. Rods produced using non-woven random mats (RM... Read More about Initial mechanical properties of phosphate-glass fibre-reinforced rods for use as resorbable intramedullary nails.

Influence of screw holes and gamma sterilization on properties of phosphate glass fiber-reinforced composite bone plates (2011)
Journal Article
Han, N., Ahmed, I., Parsons, A. J., Harper, L., Scotchford, C. A., Scammell, B. E., & Rudd, C. D. (2013). Influence of screw holes and gamma sterilization on properties of phosphate glass fiber-reinforced composite bone plates. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 27(8), 990-1002. https://doi.org/10.1177/0885328211431855

Polymers prepared from polylactic acid (PLA) have found a multitude of uses as medical devices. For a material that degrades, the main advantage is that an implant would not necessitate a second surgical event for removal. In this study, fibers produ... Read More about Influence of screw holes and gamma sterilization on properties of phosphate glass fiber-reinforced composite bone plates.

Melt-processed PLA/HA platelet nanoparticle composites produced using tailored dispersants
Presentation / Conference Contribution
Parsons, A. J., Walton, K., Hild, F., Ilchev, A., Gimeno-Fabra, M., Tomczynska, M. M., …Irvine, D. J. (in press). Melt-processed PLA/HA platelet nanoparticle composites produced using tailored dispersants.

Hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles, similar to those seen in the structure of human bone, have been produced via hydrothermal synthesisand used to produce nanocomposite materials via melt blending with poly(lactic acid)(PLA). Both of these processes a... Read More about Melt-processed PLA/HA platelet nanoparticle composites produced using tailored dispersants.