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Beyond current research practice: methodological considerations in MS rehabilitation research (Is designing the perfect rehabilitation trial the Holy Grail or a Gordian knot?) (2019)
Journal Article
das Nair, R., de Groot, V., & Freeman, J. (in press). Beyond current research practice: methodological considerations in MS rehabilitation research (Is designing the perfect rehabilitation trial the Holy Grail or a Gordian knot?). Multiple Sclerosis Journal - Experimental, Translational and Clinical,

Rehabilitation is an essential aspect of symptomatic and supportive treatment for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). MS rehabilitation research has grown considerably, but the volume of robust evidence to guide effective clinical practice in the fo... Read More

Constructed wetlands for steel slag leachate management: Partitioning of arsenic, chromium, and vanadium in waters, sediments, and plants (2019)
Journal Article
Gomes, H. I., Mayes, W. M., Whitby, P., & Rogerson, M. (2019). Constructed wetlands for steel slag leachate management: Partitioning of arsenic, chromium, and vanadium in waters, sediments, and plants. Journal of Environmental Management, 243, 30-38. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.04.127

Constructed wetlands can treat highly alkaline leachate resulting from the weathering of steel slag before reuse (e.g. as aggregate) or during disposal in repositories and legacy sites. This study aimed to assess how metal(loid)s soluble at high pH,... Read More

TEST (Trial of Eczema allergy Screening Tests): protocol for feasibility randomised controlled trial of allergy tests in children with eczema, including economic scoping and nested qualitative study (2019)
Journal Article
Ridd, M. J., Edwards, L., Santer, M., Chalmers, J. R., Waddell, L., Marriage, D., …Boyle, R. J. (2019). TEST (Trial of Eczema allergy Screening Tests): protocol for feasibility randomised controlled trial of allergy tests in children with eczema, including economic scoping and nested qualitative study. BMJ Open, 9, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028428

Background Early-onset eczema is associated with food allergy, and allergic reactions to foods can cause acute exacerbations of eczema. Parents often pursue dietary restrictions as a way of managing eczema and seek allergy testing for their childre... Read More

Meta-analysis of goal directed fluid therapy using transoesophageal doppler in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery (2019)
Journal Article
Rollins, K., Mathias, N., & Lobo, D. (in press). Meta-analysis of goal directed fluid therapy using transoesophageal doppler in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. BJS Open,

Background: Intraoperative goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) is recommended for intraoperative fluid management for elective colorectal surgery in most perioperative guidelines. However, the evidence in elective colorectal surgery alone is not welle... Read More

Changes in roll-your-own tobacco and cigarette sales volume and prices before, during and after plain packaging legislation in the United Kingdom (2019)
Journal Article
Opazo-Breton, M., Britton, J., & Bogdanovica, I. (2019). Changes in roll-your-own tobacco and cigarette sales volume and prices before, during and after plain packaging legislation in the United Kingdom. Tobacco Control, doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054734

Background: Plain packaging and minimum pack size legislation for tobacco products was introduced in the UK in May 2016, with a one-year sell-off period until May 2017 during which both fully branded and plain packs of various sizes were legally avai... Read More

"Reader, I married him/ her": Ali Smith, Ovid, and queer translation (2019)
Journal Article
Ranger, H. (in press). "Reader, I married him/ her": Ali Smith, Ovid, and queer translation. Classical Receptions Journal,

This essay discusses Ali Smith's queer translation of Ovid Metamorphoses 9.666-797 in her 2007 novel Girl meets boy. I argue that Smith's presentation of a contemporary gender-queer Iphis and Ianthe not only fictionalizes the critical argument propos... Read More

Drone-based Structure-from-Motion provides accurate forest canopy data to assess shading effects in river temperature models (2019)
Journal Article
Dugdale, S. J., Malcolm, I. A., & Hannah, D. M. (2019). Drone-based Structure-from-Motion provides accurate forest canopy data to assess shading effects in river temperature models. Science of the Total Environment, 678, 326-340. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.229

Climatic warming will increase river temperature globally, with consequences for cold water-adapted organisms. In regions with low forest cover, elevated river temperature is often associated with a lack of bankside shading. Consequently, river manag... Read More

Life Cycle Cost of Flexible Pavements and Climate Variability: Case Studies from Virginia (2019)
Journal Article
Qiao, Y., Dawson, A., Parry, T., & Flintsch, G. (in press). Life Cycle Cost of Flexible Pavements and Climate Variability: Case Studies from Virginia. Structure and Infrastructure Engineering,

Climate factors have not become a typical metric to consider for pavement life cycle cost analysis (LCCA). Changes in climate may affect pavement rutting, roughness, and cracking and lead to consequent changes in maintenance decision-making and life... Read More

A novel concept of ribless synchronous reluctance motor for enhanced torque capability (2019)
Journal Article
Bao, Y., Degano, M., Wang, S., Chuan, L., Xu, Z., Zhang, H., & Gerada, C. (2019). A novel concept of ribless synchronous reluctance motor for enhanced torque capability. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, doi:10.1109/TIE.2019.2914616

The rotor structure of synchronous reluctance machines (SynRel) is conventionally retained mechanically by iron ribs. In this paper a novel structure for high speed synchronous reluctance rotor is presented. The novelty of this work is the proof of a... Read More

3D printed scaffolds with controlled micro-/nano- porous surface topography direct chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (2019)
Journal Article
Prasopthum, A., Cooper, M., Shakesheff, K. M., & Yang, J. (in press). 3D printed scaffolds with controlled micro-/nano- porous surface topography direct chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces,

The effect of topography in 3D printed polymer scaffolds on stem cell differentiation is a significantly under-explored area. Compared to 2D biomaterials on which various well-defined topographies have been incorporated and been shown to direct an ar... Read More

Transition between child and adult services for young people with ADHD: findings from a British national surveillance study (2019)
Journal Article
Eke, H., Ford, T., Newlove-Delgado, T., Price, M. A., Young, S., Ani, C., …Janssens, A. (in press). Transition between child and adult services for young people with ADHD: findings from a British national surveillance study. British Journal of Psychiatry,

Background: Optimal transition involves continuity, joint care, planning meetings and information

Thermal overload and insulation aging of short duty cycle, aerospace motors (2019)
Journal Article
Madonna, V., Giangrande, P., Lusuardi, L., Cavallini, A., Gerada, C., & Galea, M. (2019). Thermal overload and insulation aging of short duty cycle, aerospace motors. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, doi:10.1109/tie.2019.2914630

Electrical machines for transportation applications need to be highly reliable, particularly if they drive safety-critical systems. At the same time, another main requirement is represented by the significant torque density, especially for aerospace,... Read More

A pilot study of visceral fat and its association with adipokines, stool calprotectin and symptoms in patients with diverticulosis (2019)
Journal Article
Murray, K., Hoad, C., Garratt, J., Kaviani, M., Marciani, L., Smith, J., …Spiller, R. (2019). A pilot study of visceral fat and its association with adipokines, stool calprotectin and symptoms in patients with diverticulosis. PLoS ONE, 14(5), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216528

Background Complications of diverticular disease are increasingly common, possibly linked to increasing obesity. Visceral fat could contribute to the development of symptomatic diverticular disease through its pro-inflammatory effects. Objective... Read More

Do our risk preferences change when we make decisions for others? A meta-analysis of self-other differences in decisions involving risk (2019)
Journal Article
Batteux, E., Ferguson, E., & Tunney, R. J. (2019). Do our risk preferences change when we make decisions for others? A meta-analysis of self-other differences in decisions involving risk. PLoS ONE, 14(5), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216566

Background Are we more risk-averse or risk-seeking when we make decisions on behalf of other people as opposed to ourselves? So far, findings have not been able to provide a clear and consistent answer. Method We propose a meta-analysis to assess... Read More

The Power of Nothing: Risk Preference in Pigeons, But Not People, Is Driven Primarily by Avoidance of Zero Outcomes (2019)
Journal Article
Pisklak, J. M., Madan, C. R., Ludvig, E. A., & Spetch, M. L. (in press). The Power of Nothing: Risk Preference in Pigeons, But Not People, Is Driven Primarily by Avoidance of Zero Outcomes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition,

Both human and non-human animals regularly need to make choices where the outcomes of their actions are unpredictable or probabilistic in some way. These are often termed “risky” choices. Faced with uncertain rewards, people (Homo sapiens) and pigeon... Read More

The clinical and biological significance of HER2 over-expression in breast ductal carcinoma in situ: a large study from a single institution (2019)
Journal Article
Miligy, I. M., Toss, M. S., Gorringe, K. L., Lee, A. H., Ellis, I. O., Green, A. R., & Rakha, E. (2019). The clinical and biological significance of HER2 over-expression in breast ductal carcinoma in situ: a large study from a single institution. British Journal of Cancer, doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0436-3

Background: Previous studies have reported up to 50% of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), is HER2 positive, but the frequency of HER2 positive invasive breast cancer (IBC) is lower. The aim of this study is to characterise HER2 status in DCIS and asse... Read More

A comparative study of estimation methods in quantum tomography (2019)
Journal Article
Acharya, A., Kypraios, T., & Guta, M. (2019). A comparative study of estimation methods in quantum tomography. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 52(23), 1-36. doi:10.1088/1751-8121/ab1958

As quantum tomography is becoming a key component of the quantum engineering toolbox, there is a need for a deeper understanding of the multitude of estimation methods available. Here we investigate and compare several such methods: maximum likelihoo... Read More

IFITMs mediate viral evasion in acute and chronic hepatitis C virus infection (2019)
Journal Article
Wrensch, F., Ligat, G., Heydmann, L., Schuster, C., Zeisel, M. B., Pessaux, P., …Baumert, T. F. (2019). IFITMs mediate viral evasion in acute and chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Hepatology, doi:10.1002/hep.30699

While adaptive immune responses against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have been studied in great detail, the role of innate immunity in protection against HCV infection and immune evasion is only partially understood. Interferon‐induced transmemb... Read More

Amino Acid Substitutions in Genotype 3a Hepatitis C Virus Polymerase Protein Affect Responses to Sofosbuvir (2019)
Journal Article
Wing, P. A., Jones, M., Cheung, M., DaSilva, S., Bamford, C., Jason Lee, W., …Foster, G. R. (in press). Amino Acid Substitutions in Genotype 3a Hepatitis C Virus Polymerase Protein Affect Responses to Sofosbuvir. Gastroenterology,

Background & Aims: Sofosbuvir is a frequently used pan-genotype inhibitor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) polymerase. This drug eliminates most chronic HCV infections and resistance-associated substitutions in the polymerase are rare. However, HCV genotyp... Read More