Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Blood Vessels Under the Microscope (2020)
Journal Article
Machado, M. J. C., Mitchell, C. A., Franklin, J., Thorpe, A., & Rutland, C. S. (2020). Blood Vessels Under the Microscope. Frontiers for Young Minds, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/frym.2019.00151

This paper looks at blood vessels. All humans and animals have blood vessels, including your pet rabbit or dog, a whale or a giraffe! We need blood vessels to stay alive. This paper answers many questions, including what blood vessels are used for an... Read More about Blood Vessels Under the Microscope.

A randomised phase II trial of hydroxychloroquine and imatinib versus imatinib alone for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia in major cytogenetic response with residual disease (2020)
Journal Article
Horne, G. A., Stobo, J., Kelly, C., Mukhopadhyay, A., Latif, A. L., Dixon-Hughes, J., …Copland, M. (2020). A randomised phase II trial of hydroxychloroquine and imatinib versus imatinib alone for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia in major cytogenetic response with residual disease. Leukemia, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41375-019-0700-9

The prognostic value of the tumor-stroma ratio is most discriminative in patients with grade III or triple negative breast cancer (2020)
Journal Article
Vangangelt, K. M., Green, A. R., Heemskerk, I. (. F., Cohen, D., Van Pelt, G. W., Sobral-Leite, M., …Mesker, W. E. (2020). The prognostic value of the tumor-stroma ratio is most discriminative in patients with grade III or triple negative breast cancer. International Journal of Cancer, https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32857

The tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) was evaluated as a promising parameter for breast cancer prognostication in clinically relevant subgroups of patients. The TSR was assessed on hematoxylin and eosin stained tissue slides of 1794 breast cancer patients fro... Read More about The prognostic value of the tumor-stroma ratio is most discriminative in patients with grade III or triple negative breast cancer.

A runaway PRH/HHEX-Notch3 positive feedback loop drives cholangiocarcinoma and determines response to CDK4/6 inhibition (2019)
Journal Article
Jayaraman, P., Kitchen, P., Gaston, K., Lee, K. Y., Afford, S., Clark, D., …Sawasdichai, A. (2019). A runaway PRH/HHEX-Notch3 positive feedback loop drives cholangiocarcinoma and determines response to CDK4/6 inhibition. Cancer Research, https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.can-19-0942

Aberrant Notch and Wnt signalling are known drivers of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) but the underlying factors that initiate and maintain these pathways are not known. Here we show that the PRH/HHEX transcription factor forms a positive transcriptional f... Read More about A runaway PRH/HHEX-Notch3 positive feedback loop drives cholangiocarcinoma and determines response to CDK4/6 inhibition.

Enhanced glutamine uptake influences composition of immune cell infiltrates in breast cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Rakha, E. A., Ellis, I. O., Craze, M. L., Ansari, R. E., Craze, M. L., Althobiti, M., …Green, A. R. (2019). Enhanced glutamine uptake influences composition of immune cell infiltrates in breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 122, 94–101. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-019-0626-z

Background: Cancer cells must alter their metabolism to support proliferation. Immune evasion also plays a role in supporting tumour progression. This study aimed to find whether enhanced glutamine uptake in breast cancer (BC) can derive the existenc... Read More about Enhanced glutamine uptake influences composition of immune cell infiltrates in breast cancer.

Clinicopathological Characteristics of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC): a Comparative Study between Egyptian and British Patients (2019)
Journal Article
Mohammed, R. A. A., El-Deek, H. E. M., Aleskandarany, M. A., Green, A. R., Ellis, I. O., & Rakha, E. A. (2019). Clinicopathological Characteristics of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC): a Comparative Study between Egyptian and British Patients. Egyptian Journal of Pathology, 16(1), 115-122. https://doi.org/10.4103/EGJP.EGJP_15_19

Background and aims: Clinicopathological features of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC) in African American women have been extensively studied. Comparatively, less is known about these tumors in patients from countries in the North African region. The... Read More about Clinicopathological Characteristics of Basal-like Breast Cancer (BLBC): a Comparative Study between Egyptian and British Patients.

Dopamine and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein 32 kDa (DARPP-32) and survival in breast cancer: a retrospective analysis of protein and mRNA expression (2019)
Journal Article
Kotecha, S., Lebot, M. N., Sukkarn, B., Ball, G., Moseley, P. M., Chan, S. Y., …Storr, S. J. (2019). Dopamine and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein 32 kDa (DARPP-32) and survival in breast cancer: a retrospective analysis of protein and mRNA expression. Scientific Reports, 9, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53529-z

Dopamine and cAMP regulated phosphoprotein 32 kDa (DARPP-32) also known as phosphoprotein phosphatase-1 regulatory subunit 1B and encoded by the PPP1R1B gene is an inhibitor of protein phosphatase-1 and protein kinase A. DARPP-32 is expressed in a wi... Read More about Dopamine and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein 32 kDa (DARPP-32) and survival in breast cancer: a retrospective analysis of protein and mRNA expression.

Prognostic Significance of Nucleolar Assessment in Invasive Breast Cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Elsharawy, K. A., Toss, M. S., Raaft, S. R., Ball, G., Green, A. R., Aleskandarany, M. A., …Rakha, E. A. (2019). Prognostic Significance of Nucleolar Assessment in Invasive Breast Cancer. Histopathology, https://doi.org/10.1111/his.14036

Aims: Nucleolar morphometric features have a potential role in the assessment of aggressiveness of many cancers. However, the role of nucleoli in invasive breast cancer (IBC) is still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the optimal scoring metho... Read More about Prognostic Significance of Nucleolar Assessment in Invasive Breast Cancer.

Clinicopathological significance of lipocalin 2 nuclear expression in invasive breast cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Kurozumi, S., Alsaeed, S., Orah, N., Miligy, I. M., Joseph, C., Aljohani, A., …Rakha, E. A. (2019). Clinicopathological significance of lipocalin 2 nuclear expression in invasive breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-019-05488-2

PURPOSE: The epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a key role in breast cancer progression and metastasis. Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) is involved in the regulation of EMT. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological significance... Read More about Clinicopathological significance of lipocalin 2 nuclear expression in invasive breast cancer.

Prognostic Significance of KN Motif and Ankyrin Repeat Domains 1 (KANK1) in Invasive Breast Cancer (2019)
Journal Article
Kariri, Y. A., Joseph, C., Kurozumi, S., Toss, M. S., Alsaleem, M., Raafat, S., …Rakha, E. A. (2019). Prognostic Significance of KN Motif and Ankyrin Repeat Domains 1 (KANK1) in Invasive Breast Cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-019-05466-8

Background: KN Motif and Ankyrin Repeat Domains 1 (KANK1) plays an important role in cytoskeleton maintenance and contributes to the regulation of cell proliferation, adhesion and apoptosis. KANK1 is involved in progression of a variety of solid tumo... Read More about Prognostic Significance of KN Motif and Ankyrin Repeat Domains 1 (KANK1) in Invasive Breast Cancer.

Coping strategies of patients with advanced lung or colorectal cancer in six European countries: Insights from the ACTION Study (2019)
Journal Article
Jabbarian, L. J., Korfage, I. J., Červ, B., Delden, J. J., Deliens, L., Miccinesi, G., …Rietjens, J. A. (2019). Coping strategies of patients with advanced lung or colorectal cancer in six European countries: Insights from the ACTION Study. Psycho-Oncology, https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.5259

Objective: Even when medical treatments are limited, supporting patients’coping strategies could improve their quality of life. Greater understanding of patients’coping strategies, and influencing factors, can aid developing such support. We examined... Read More about Coping strategies of patients with advanced lung or colorectal cancer in six European countries: Insights from the ACTION Study.

High-Throughput Phenotyping Toolkit for Characterizing Cellular Models of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Vitro (2019)
Journal Article
Mosqueira, D., Lis-Slimak, K., & Denning, C. (2019). High-Throughput Phenotyping Toolkit for Characterizing Cellular Models of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Vitro. Methods and Protocols, 2(4), 1-26. https://doi.org/10.3390/mps2040083

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a prevalent and complex cardiovascular disease characterised by multifarious hallmarks, a heterogeneous set of clinical manifestations, and several molecular mechanisms. Various disease models have been developed... Read More about High-Throughput Phenotyping Toolkit for Characterizing Cellular Models of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Vitro.

Numerical Simulation of a Scanning Illumination System for Deep Tissue Fluorescence Imaging (2019)
Journal Article
Zhang, Q., Grabowska, A. M., Clarke, P. A., & Morgan, S. P. (2019). Numerical Simulation of a Scanning Illumination System for Deep Tissue Fluorescence Imaging. Journal of Imaging, 5(11), https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging5110083

he spatial resolution and light detected in fluorescence imaging for small animals are limited by light scattering, absorption and autofluorescence. To address this, novel near-infrared fluorescent contrast agents and imaging configurations have been... Read More about Numerical Simulation of a Scanning Illumination System for Deep Tissue Fluorescence Imaging.

ATM Regulated PTEN Degradation Is XIAP E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Mediated in p85α Deficient Cancer Cells and Influence Platinum Sensitivity (2019)
Journal Article
Ali, R., Alabdullah, M., Miligy, I., Normatova, M., Babaei-Jadidi, R., S. Nateri, A., …Madhusudan, S. (2019). ATM Regulated PTEN Degradation Is XIAP E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Mediated in p85α Deficient Cancer Cells and Influence Platinum Sensitivity. Cells, 8(10), https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8101271

Ataxia-telegiectasia mutated (ATM), phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), and p85α are key tumour suppressors. Whether ATM regulates PTEN expression and influence platinum sensitivity is unknown. We generated ATM knockdowns (KD) and CRISPR knock out... Read More about ATM Regulated PTEN Degradation Is XIAP E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Mediated in p85α Deficient Cancer Cells and Influence Platinum Sensitivity.

Impact of Serum Source on Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Osteogenic Differentiation in Culture (2019)
Journal Article
Popov, A., Scotchford, C., Grant, D., & Sottile, V. (2019). Impact of Serum Source on Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Osteogenic Differentiation in Culture. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(20), https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20205051

Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show promise for musculoskeletal repair applications. Animal-derived serum is extensively used for MSC culture as a source of nutrients, extracellular matrix proteins and growth factors. However, the routine use of... Read More about Impact of Serum Source on Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Osteogenic Differentiation in Culture.

Dual Adaptive Pyramid Network for Cross-Stain Histopathology Image Segmentation (2019)
Book Chapter
Hou, X., Liu, J., Xu, B., Liu, B., Chen, X., Garibaldi, J., …Qiu, G. (2019). Dual Adaptive Pyramid Network for Cross-Stain Histopathology Image Segmentation. In Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2019: 22nd International Conference, Shenzhen, China, October 13–17, 2019, Proceedings, Part II, (101-109). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32245-8_12

Supervised semantic segmentation normally assumes the test data being in a similar data domain as the training data. However, in practice, the domain mismatch between the training and unseen data could lead to a significant performance drop. Obtainin... Read More about Dual Adaptive Pyramid Network for Cross-Stain Histopathology Image Segmentation.