Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Developmental roles of AUX1/LAX auxin influx carriers in plants (2019)
Journal Article
Swarup, R., & Bhosale, R. (in press). Developmental roles of AUX1/LAX auxin influx carriers in plants. Frontiers in Plant Science, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01306

Plant hormone auxin regulates several aspects of plant growth and development. Auxin is predominantly synthesized in the shoot apex and developing leaf primordia and from there it is transported to the target tissues e.g. roots. Auxin transport is po... Read More

Stable isotopes reveal independent carbon pools across an Arctic hydro‐climatic gradient: Implications for the fate of carbon in warmer and drier conditions (2019)
Journal Article
Osburn, C. L., Anderson, N. J., Leng, M. J., Barry, C. D., & Whiteford, E. J. (2019). Stable isotopes reveal independent carbon pools across an Arctic hydro‐climatic gradient: Implications for the fate of carbon in warmer and drier conditions. Limnology and Oceanography Letters, https://doi.org/10.1002/lol2.10119

Arctic lakes are poised for substantial changes to their carbon (C) cycles in the near future. Autochthonous processes in lakes which consume inorganic C and create biomass that can be sequestered in sediments are accompanied by allochthonous inputs... Read More

Uptake of trace elements by food crops grown within the Kilembe copper mine catchment, Western Uganda (2019)
Journal Article
Mwesigye, A. R., Young, S. D., Bailey, E. H., & Tumwebaze, S. B. (2019). Uptake of trace elements by food crops grown within the Kilembe copper mine catchment, Western Uganda. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 207, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2019.106377

The mining and processing of copper from the Kilembe mine between 1956 and 1982 left behind millions of tons of cupriferous and cobalt ferrous mine tailings within the Kilembe mine catchment. Subsequent erosion and deposition of the tailings into adj... Read More

Ginkgo leaf cuticle chemistry across changing pCO2 regimes (2019)
Journal Article
Jardine, P. E., Kent, M., Fraser, W. T., & Lomax, B. H. (2019). Ginkgo leaf cuticle chemistry across changing pCO2 regimes. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, doi:10.1007/s12542-019-00486-7

Cuticles have been a key part of palaeobotanical research since the mid-19th Century. Recently, cuticular research has moved beyond morphological traits to incorporate the chemical signature of modern and fossil cuticles, with the aim of using this a... Read More

Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK (2019)
Journal Article
Atar, E., März, C., Aplin, A. C., Dellwig, O., Herringshaw, L. G., Lamoureux-Var, V., …Wagner, T. (2019). Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK. Climate of the Past, 15(4), 1581-1601. doi:10.5194/cp-15-1581-2019

The Kimmeridge Clay Formation (KCF) is a laterally extensive, total-organic-carbon-rich succession deposited throughout northwest Europe during the Kimmeridgian–Tithonian (Late Jurassic). It has recently been postulated that an expanded Hadley cell,... Read More

Aerial Root Physiology: Reaching for the Sky or Down to Earth? (2019)
Book Chapter
Rasmussen, A., Dobrijevic, D. P., Ola, A., Ishaya, F. D., & Lovelock, C. E. (2019). Aerial Root Physiology: Reaching for the Sky or Down to Earth?. Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781119312994.apr0668

Aerial roots have evolved in plants from diverse ecosystems, many facing specific environmental challenges associated with their natural or agricultural setting. In coastal species exposed to wind and waves, including mangroves, soft anoxic substrate... Read More

The uptake of different tillage practices in England (2019)
Journal Article
Alskaf, K., Sparkes, D. L., Mooney, S. J., Sjögersten, S., & Wilson, P. (2019). The uptake of different tillage practices in England. Soil Use and Management, doi:10.1111/sum.12542

Reduced tillage systems have been argued to provide several potential benefits to soil, environment and to farm incomes. In England, while many farms have partially adopted such practices, a large proportion of arable farmers do not undertake reduced... Read More

Analysis of 129I and 127I in soils of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, 29 years after the deposition of 129I (2019)
Journal Article
Shaw, G., Bailey, E., Crout, N., Field, L., Freeman, S., Gaschak, S., …Young, S. (2019). Analysis of 129I and 127I in soils of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, 29 years after the deposition of 129I. Science of the Total Environment, 692, 966-974. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.319

The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ) represents a unique natural laboratory that received significant 129I contamination across a range of soils and land-use types in a short time period in 1986. Data are presented on 129I and 127I in soil samples coll... Read More

A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions (2019)
Journal Article
Wallace, R. J., Sasson, G., Garnsworthy, P. C., Tapio, I., Gregson, E., Bani, P., …Mizrahi, I. (2019). A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions. Science Advances, 5(7), doi:10.1126/sciadv.aav8391

A 1000-cow study across four European countries was undertaken to understand to what extent ruminant microbiomes can be controlled by the host animal and to identify characteristics of the host rumen microbiome axis that determine productivity and me... Read More

Mesophyll porosity is modulated by the presence of functional stomata (2019)
Journal Article
Lundgren, M. R., Mathers, A., Baillie, A. L., Dunn, J., Wilson, M. J., Hunt, L., …Fleming, A. J. (2019). Mesophyll porosity is modulated by the presence of functional stomata. Nature Communications, 10, doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10826-5

The formation of stomata and leaf mesophyll airspace must be coordinated to establish an efficient and robust network that facilitates gas exchange for photosynthesis, however the mechanism by which this coordinated development occurs remains unclear... Read More

Evaluation of vegetation communities, water table, and peat composition as drivers of greenhouse gas emissions in lowland tropical peatlands (2019)
Journal Article
Hoyos-Santillan, J., Lomax, B. H., Large, D., Turner, B. L., Lopez, O. R., Boom, A., …Sjögersten, S. (2019). Evaluation of vegetation communities, water table, and peat composition as drivers of greenhouse gas emissions in lowland tropical peatlands. Science of the Total Environment, 688, 1193-1204. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.366

Agronomic biofortification of cowpea with selenium: effects of selenate and selenite applications on selenium and phytate concentrations in seeds (2019)
Journal Article
Silva, V. M., Boleta, E. H., Martins, J. T., Santos, F. L., Rocha Silva, A. C., Alcock, T. D., …Reis, A. R. (2019). Agronomic biofortification of cowpea with selenium: effects of selenate and selenite applications on selenium and phytate concentrations in seeds. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, doi:10.1002/jsfa.9872

BACKGROUND Selenium (Se) is a nutrient for animals and humans, and is considered beneficial to higher plants. Selenium concentrations are low in most soils, which can result in a lack of Se in plants, and consequently in human diets. Phytic acid (PA... Read More

Chemotaxonomy of domesticated grasses: a pathway to understanding the origins of agriculture (2019)
Journal Article
Jardine, P. E., Gosling, W. D., Lomax, B. H., Julier, A. C. M., & Fraser, W. T. (2019). Chemotaxonomy of domesticated grasses: a pathway to understanding the origins of agriculture. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 38(1), 83-95. doi:10.5194/jm-38-83-2019

The grass family (Poaceae) is one of the most economically important plant groups in the world today. In particular many major food crops, including rice, wheat, maize, rye, barley, oats and millet, are grasses that were domesticated from wild progen... Read More

A method for reconstructing temporal changes in vegetation functional trait composition using Holocene pollen assemblages (2019)
Journal Article
Carvalho, F., Brown, K. A., Waller, M. P., Bunting, M. J., Boom, A., & Leng, M. J. (2019). A method for reconstructing temporal changes in vegetation functional trait composition using Holocene pollen assemblages. PLoS ONE, 14(5), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216698

Methods of reconstructing changes in plant traits over long time scales are needed to understand the impact of changing environmental conditions on ecosystem processes and services. Although Holocene pollen have been extensively used to provide recor... Read More

Spatial variability of 2H and 18O composition of meteoric freshwater lakes in Scotland (2019)
Journal Article
Hoogewerff, J., Kemp, H. F., Leng, M. J., & Meier-Augenstein, W. (2019). Spatial variability of 2H and 18O composition of meteoric freshwater lakes in Scotland. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies, 1-17. doi:10.1080/10256016.2019.1609958

Coastal regions, and in particular islands where precipitation from clouds formed out at sea occurs for the first time, are prime candidates for regions where 2H and 18O composition of precipitation will deviate significantly from the global mean geo... Read More

Chemical and isotopic fractionation of lead in the surface soils of Egypt (2019)
Journal Article
Shetaya, W. H., Marzouk, E. R., Mohamed, E. F., Bailey, E. H., & Young, S. D. (2019). Chemical and isotopic fractionation of lead in the surface soils of Egypt. Applied Geochemistry, 106, 7-16. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.04.013

Chemical fractionation via sequential extraction (SEP) combined with isotopic analysis of Pb was used to investigate the origins and reactivity of Pb in 66 topsoil samples collected from 12 different locations in Egypt. The total soil Pb concentratio... Read More

Iodine bioavailability in acidic soils of Northern Ireland (2019)
Journal Article
Bowley, H., Young, S., Ander, E., Crout, N., Watts, M., & Bailey, E. (2019). Iodine bioavailability in acidic soils of Northern Ireland. Geoderma, 348, 97-106. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.04.020

Iodine is an essential trace element for humans and grazing animals and is often deficient. Our aim was to investigate the role of soil properties in retaining and ‘fixing' iodine in soils and thereby controlling its phyto-availability to grass. Soil... Read More