Research Repository

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Resistance mechanisms adopted by a Salmonella Typhimurium mutant against bacteriophage (2019)
Journal Article
Wang, C., Nie, T., Lin, F., Connerton, I. F., Lu, Z., Zhou, S., & Hang, H. (2019). Resistance mechanisms adopted by a Salmonella Typhimurium mutant against bacteriophage. Virus Research, 197759. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2019.197759

Bacteriophages have key roles in regulating bacterial populations in most habitats. A Salmonella Typhimurium mutant (N18) with impaired sensitivity to phage fmb-p1 was obtained and examined, the adsorption efficiency of fmb-p1 to N18 was reduced to 6... Read More

Characterisation of high molecular weight hop proanthocyanidins using Analytical Ultracentrifugation (2019)
Journal Article
Gadon, A., Linforth, R., Harding, S. E., & Cook, D. (2019). Characterisation of high molecular weight hop proanthocyanidins using Analytical Ultracentrifugation. Scientific Reports, 9(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-49171-4

We report the novel application of Analytical Ultracentrifugation (AUCF) to characterise the polymeric proanthocyanidin fraction of hops. Extraction of hop samples with 70% acetone (aq) followed by a C-18 Solid Phase Extraction yielded polyphenolic f... Read More

Development of a comprehensive protein microarray for immunoglobulin E profiling in horses with severe asthma (2019)
Journal Article
Moore‐Colyer, M., White, S., Moore-Colyer, M., Marti, E., Coüetil, L., Hannant, D., …Alcocer, M. (2019). Development of a comprehensive protein microarray for immunoglobulin E profiling in horses with severe asthma. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, doi:10.1111/jvim.15564

Background Severe asthma in horses, known as severe equine asthma (SEA), is a prevalent, performance‐limiting disease associated with increased allergen‐specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) against a range of environmental aeroallergens. Objective To... Read More

Spray-dried anti-Campylobacter bacteriophage CP30A powder suitable for global distribution without cold chain infrastructure (2019)
Journal Article
Carrigy, N. B., Liang, L., Wang, H., Kariukic, S., Nagel, T. E. .., Connerton, I. F., & Vehringa, R. (2019). Spray-dried anti-Campylobacter bacteriophage CP30A powder suitable for global distribution without cold chain infrastructure. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 569, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.118601

Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of foodborne illness globally. In this study, a spray drying and packaging process was developed to produce a thermally-stable dry powder containing bacteriophages that retains biological activity against C. je... Read More

Towards a surrogate system to express human lipid binding TCRs (2019)
Journal Article
Wang, R., Pscheid, R., Ghumra, A., Kan, L. Y. L., Cochrane, S., Fairclough, L., & Alcocer, M. J. C. (2019). Towards a surrogate system to express human lipid binding TCRs. Biotechnology Letters, doi:10.1007/s10529-019-02713-2

Background Previously we reported that natural nut lipids were necessary for sensitization and that natural killer T cells (NKTs) must play a critical role in the development of food allergic responses. A major bottleneck in further understanding... Read More

Mucin immobilization in calcium alginate: A possible mucus mimetic tool for evaluating mucoadhesion and retention of flavour (2019)
Journal Article
Dinu, V., Yakubov, G. E., Lim, M., Hurst, K., Adams, G. G., Harding, S. E., & Fisk, I. D. (2019). Mucin immobilization in calcium alginate: A possible mucus mimetic tool for evaluating mucoadhesion and retention of flavour. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 138, 831-836. doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.07.148

To reduce animal testing, there is a need to develop novel in-vitro models for evaluating the retention of bioactive compounds in food and pharmaceutical products. Here, a mucus-mimetic platform was developed through a one-step approach based on enca... Read More

Understanding the influence of processing conditions on the extraction of rhamnogalacturonan-I “hairy” pectin from sugar beet pulp (2019)
Journal Article
Mao, Y., Lei, R., Ryan, J., Arrutia Rodriguez, F., Rastall, B., Chatzifragkou, A., …Binner, E. (2019). Understanding the influence of processing conditions on the extraction of rhamnogalacturonan-I “hairy” pectin from sugar beet pulp. Food Chemistry: X, 2, doi:10.1016/j.fochx.2019.100026

Sugar beet pectin is rich in rhamnogalacturonan-I (RG-I) region, which is a potential source of prebiotics. RG-I pectin cannot be extracted the same way as commercial homogalacturan-rich pectin using hot acid. Therefore, this study has explored sever... Read More

Submaxillary Mucin: its Effect on Aroma Release from Acidic Drinks and New Insight into the Effect of Aroma Compounds on its Macromolecular Integrity (2019)
Journal Article
Dinu, V., Gillis, R. B., MacCalman, T., Lim, M., Adams, G. G., Harding, S. E., & Fisk, I. D. (2019). Submaxillary Mucin: its Effect on Aroma Release from Acidic Drinks and New Insight into the Effect of Aroma Compounds on its Macromolecular Integrity. Food Biophysics, 14(3), doi:10.1007/s11483-019-09574-2

Submaxillary mucin is a major component that defines the makeup and functionality of saliva. Understanding its structure and function during food intake is key to designing appropriate strategies for enhancing the delivery of flavour. In the present... Read More

Understanding “corruption” in regulatory agencies: The case of food inspection in Saudi Arabia (2019)
Journal Article
Al‐Mutairi, S., Al-Mutairi, S., Connerton, I., & Dingwall, R. (2019). Understanding “corruption” in regulatory agencies: The case of food inspection in Saudi Arabia. Regulation and Governance, https://doi.org/10.1111/rego.12247

Corruption is a relatively neglected topic in studies of regulatory agencies. The label is applied to a wide range of deviations from behavioral standards ultimately derived from Weber's account of the ideals of Prussian bureaucracy. This paper draws... Read More

Varying magnesium concentration elicits changes in inflammatory response in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) (2018)
Journal Article
Almousa, L. A., Salter, A. M., & Langley-Evans, S. C. (2018). Varying magnesium concentration elicits changes in inflammatory response in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Magnesium Research, 31(3), 99-109. doi:10.1684/mrh.2018.0439

The aims of this study were to determine whether low concentrations of magnesium in vitro exacerbated the human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) response to inflammatory challenge, and whether expression of the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain... Read More

Public health strategies to reduce sugar intake in the UK: An exploration of public perceptions using digital spaces (2018)
Journal Article
Swift, J. A., Strathearn, L., Morris, A., Chi, Y., Townsend, T., & Pearce, J. (2018). Public health strategies to reduce sugar intake in the UK: An exploration of public perceptions using digital spaces. Nutrition Bulletin, 43(3), 238-247. https://doi.org/10.1111/nbu.12346

Background: To explore UK public perceptions of children’s sugar consumption, Public Health England’s Change4Life Sugar Smart App and the Soft Drinks Industry Levy, using solicited and unsolicited digital data. Methods: Data from three digital space... Read More

A proposed biomass char classification system (2018)
Journal Article
Lester, E., Avila, C., Pang, C. H., Williams, O., Perkins, J., Gaddipatti⁠, S., …Wu, T. (2018). A proposed biomass char classification system. Fuel, 232, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2018.05.153

A new classification system is proposed for the morphological characterisation of char structures from biomass. These char structures are unlike the coal chars that have an established nomenclature via the International Committee of Coal and Organic... Read More

Garlic and gaseous mediators (2018)
Journal Article
Rose, P., Moore, P. K., & Zhu, Y. (in press). Garlic and gaseous mediators. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, doi:10.1016/j.tips.2018.03.009

Garlic (Allium sativum) and allied plant species are rich sources of sulfur compounds. Major roles for garlic and its sulfur constituents include the regulation of vascular homeostasis and the control of metabolic systems linked to nutrient metabolis... Read More

Maternal obesity-induced decreases in plasma, hepatic and uterine polyunsaturated fatty acids during labour is reversed through improved nutrition at conception (2018)
Journal Article
Muir, R. D., Liu, G., Khan, R., Shmygol, A., Quenby, S., Gibson, R. A., …Elmes, M. (2018). Maternal obesity-induced decreases in plasma, hepatic and uterine polyunsaturated fatty acids during labour is reversed through improved nutrition at conception. Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-21809-9

Maternal obesity is associated with prolonged and dysfunctional labour, potentially through decreased synthesis of prostaglandins that stimulate myometrial contractions. We assessed the impact of maternal obesity on concentrations of precursor fatty... Read More

Treatment of dragonfruit ( Hylocereus polyrhizus ) with salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate improves postharvest physico-chemical properties and antioxidant activity during cold storage (2017)
Journal Article
Mustafa, M. A., Ali, A., Seymour, G. B., & Tucker, G. A. (2018). Treatment of dragonfruit ( Hylocereus polyrhizus ) with salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate improves postharvest physico-chemical properties and antioxidant activity during cold storage. Scientia Horticulturae, 231, doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2017.09.041

As the market for tropical fruit constantly expands, cold storage is increasingly used for transporting fruits over long distances. This is an economic postharvest tool, yet challenges tropical fruits by exposure to chilling injury. An assessment of... Read More

Effects of insulin like growth factors on early embryonic chick limb myogenesis (2017)
Journal Article
Mohammed, R. H., Anderton, H., Brameld, J. M., & Sweetman, D. (2017). Effects of insulin like growth factors on early embryonic chick limb myogenesis. PLoS ONE, 12(10), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0185775

Limb muscles derive from pax3 expressing precursor cells that migrate from the hypaxial somite into the developing limb bud. Once there they begin to differentiate and express muscle determination genes such as MyoD. This process is regulated by a co... Read More

Digital technology to facilitate Proactive Assessment of Obesity Risk during Infancy (ProAsk): a feasibility study (2017)
Journal Article
Redsell, S. A., Rose, J., Weng, S., Ablewhite, J., Swift, J. A., Siriwardena, A. N., …Glazebrook, C. (2017). Digital technology to facilitate Proactive Assessment of Obesity Risk during Infancy (ProAsk): a feasibility study. BMJ Open, 7, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017694

Objective: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of using digital technology for Proactive Assessment of Obesity Risk during Infancy (ProAsk) with the UK health visitors (HVs) and parents. Design: Multicentre, pre- and post-intervention feas... Read More

Identification and characterization of the proteins bound by specific phage-displayed recombinant antibodies (scFv) obtained against Brazil nut and almond extracts (2017)
Journal Article
de la Cruz, S., Madrid, R., García, A., Alcocer, M., Martín, R., González, I., & García, T. (in press). Identification and characterization of the proteins bound by specific phage-displayed recombinant antibodies (scFv) obtained against Brazil nut and almond extracts. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 30(6), doi:10.1002/jsfa.8640

BACKGROUND Almonds and Brazil nuts are widely consumed allergenic nuts whose presence must be declared according to food labelling regulations. Their detection in food products has been recently achieved by ELISA methods with recombinant antibodie... Read More