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Assessment of biomass energy potential for SRC willow woodchips in a pilot scale bubbling fluidized bed gasifier (2019)
Journal Article
Ul Hai, I., Sher, F., Yaqoob, A., & Liu, H. (2019). Assessment of biomass energy potential for SRC willow woodchips in a pilot scale bubbling fluidized bed gasifier. Fuel, 258, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2019.116143

The current study investigates the short rotation coppice (SRC) gasification in a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier (BFBG) with air as gasifying medium. The thermochemical processes during combustion were studied to get better control over the air gasi... Read More

Investigation of elemental mercury removal from coal-fired flue gas over MIL101-Cr (2019)
Journal Article
Dong, L., Huang, Y., Liu, L., Liu, C., Xu, L., Zha, J., …Liu, H. (2019). Investigation of elemental mercury removal from coal-fired flue gas over MIL101-Cr. Energy and Fuels, 33(9), 8864-8875. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.9b01355

In this work, the MIL101-Cr sorbent with a large BET surface area was prepared and used to remove Hg0 from the simulated coal-fired boiler flue gas. The chemical and physical properties of the prepared sorbent were characterized by X-ray diffraction... Read More

Magnetic γ-Fe2O3-Loaded Attapulgite Sorbent for Hg0 Removal in Coal-Fired Flue Gas (2019)
Journal Article
Dong, L., Huang, Y., Chen, H., Liu, L., Liu, C., Xu, L., …Liu, H. (2019). Magnetic γ-Fe2O3-Loaded Attapulgite Sorbent for Hg0 Removal in Coal-Fired Flue Gas. Energy and Fuels, 33(8), 7522-7533. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.9b01136

A magnetically recoverable composite mercury removal sorbent was produced by introducing magnetic γ-Fe2O3 into attapulgite (ATT) (xFe1ATT) via the co-precipitation method and used to remove Hg0 in the simulated coal-fired power plant flue gas. The as... Read More

Development of a 1000 W organic Rankine cycle micro-turbine-generator using polymeric structural materials and its performance test with compressed air (2019)
Journal Article
Hernandez-Carrillo, I., Wood, C., & Liu, H. (2019). Development of a 1000 W organic Rankine cycle micro-turbine-generator using polymeric structural materials and its performance test with compressed air. Energy Conversion and Management, 190, 105-120. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2019.03.092

This paper presents the experimental advances on the implementation of structural polymeric materials in a micro-turbine-generator for an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and through testing provides an insight of its performance. The aim is to create awa... Read More

Mechanisms of Toluene Removal in Relation to the Main Components of Biosyngas in a Catalytic Nonthermal Plasma Process (2019)
Journal Article
Xu, B., Xie, J., Yin, X., Liu, H., Sun, C., & Wu, C. (2019). Mechanisms of Toluene Removal in Relation to the Main Components of Biosyngas in a Catalytic Nonthermal Plasma Process. Energy and Fuels, 33(5), 4287-4301. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.9b00273

In this study, a packed-bed dielectric barrier discharge reactor was built for the removal of biomass gasification tar. Two kinds of packing materials, glass pellets and a Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalyst, were employed for the plasma-alone process and the plasma... Read More

Continuous testing of silica-PEI adsorbents in a lab.-scale twin bubbling fluidized-bed system (2019)
Journal Article
Kim, J., Woo, J., Jo, S., Lee, S., Moon, J., Kim, H., …Park, Y. C. (2019). Continuous testing of silica-PEI adsorbents in a lab.-scale twin bubbling fluidized-bed system. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 82, 184-191. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2019.01.007

In this study, a lab.-scale twin bubbling fluidized-bed system (TBS) has been used continuously to test the performance for CO2 adsorption of silica-PEI (S.PEI) adsorbents, containing 40 wt.% of PEI, which were supplied by the University of Nottingha... Read More

An investigation of lime addition to fuel as a countermeasure to bed agglomeration for the combustion of non-woody biomass fuels in a 20kWth bubbling fluidised bed combustor (2018)
Journal Article
Chi, H., Pans, M. A., Sun, C., & Liu, H. (2019). An investigation of lime addition to fuel as a countermeasure to bed agglomeration for the combustion of non-woody biomass fuels in a 20kWth bubbling fluidised bed combustor. Fuel, 240, 349-361. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2018.11.122

The unique fuel flexibility of fluidised bed system facilitates the combustion of low quality solid fuels such as agricultural residues, but may suffer from serious bed agglomeration problems especially when operating at the high end of the typical f... Read More

An experimental investigation of oxy-coal combustion in a 15 kWth pressurized fluidized bed combustor (2018)
Journal Article
Pang, L., Shao, Y., Zhong, W., Liu, H., & Jiang, P. (2018). An experimental investigation of oxy-coal combustion in a 15 kWth pressurized fluidized bed combustor. Energy and Fuels, doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b02654

Pressurized oxy-coal combustion is considered as a promising carbon capture technology due to its potential of high efficiency and low cost in CO2 capture. However, experimental investigations of oxy-coal combustion under pressurized conditions are f... Read More

Developing hierarchically ultra-micro/mesoporous biocarbons for highly selective carbon dioxide adsorption (2018)
Journal Article
Liu, X., Sun, C., Liu, H., Herng Tan, W., Wang, W., & Snape, C. (2019). Developing hierarchically ultra-micro/mesoporous biocarbons for highly selective carbon dioxide adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal, 361, 199-208. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2018.11.062

Activated carbons represent one of the important categories of the adsorbent materials for CO2 capture currently under development. However, the low adsorption capacity and selectivity at low CO2 partial pressure or relatively high flue gas temperatu... Read More

Synthesis and functionalisation of spherical meso-, hybrid meso/macro- and macro-porous cellular silica foam materials with regulated pore sizes for CO2 capture (2018)
Journal Article
Sun, Y., Liu, X., Sun, C., Meng, Y., Al-Sarraf, W., Foo, K. Z., …Liu, H. (2018). Synthesis and functionalisation of spherical meso-, hybrid meso/macro- and macro-porous cellular silica foam materials with regulated pore sizes for CO2 capture. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2018(46), 23587-23601. doi:10.1039/C8TA06224B

A variety of meso, meso/macro and macro-structured siliceous cellular foam (SCFs) materials have been tailor-designed and fabricated from using a modified microemulsion templating methodology with trimethyl benzene (TMB) as the pore expander and Plu... Read More

Experimental investigation on the coal combustion in a pressurized fluidized bed (2018)
Journal Article
Pang, L., Shao, Y., Zhong, W., & Liu, H. (2018). Experimental investigation on the coal combustion in a pressurized fluidized bed. Energy, 165(B), 1119-1128. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2018.09.198

Pressurized oxy-coal combustion is considered as one of the most promising carbon capture technologies in terms of high carbon capture efficiency and low cost. However, practical operational experience with pressurized coal combustion in a fluidized... Read More

Integrated semi-transparent cadmium telluride photovoltaic glazing into windows: energy and daylight performance for different architecture designs (2018)
Journal Article
Sun, Y., Shanks, K., Baig, H., Zhang, W., Hao, X., Li, Y., …Wu, Y. (2018). Integrated semi-transparent cadmium telluride photovoltaic glazing into windows: energy and daylight performance for different architecture designs. Applied Energy, 231, 972-984. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.09.133

When integrating photovoltaics into building windows, the photovoltaic glazing modules inhibit the function that glass performs, with the additional function of energy production. Semi-transparent Photovoltaic (STPV) glazing will absorb part of the s... Read More

Removal of toluene as a biomass tar surrogate in a catalytic nonthermal plasma process (2018)
Journal Article
Xu, B., Xie, J., Zhan, H., Yin, X., Wu, C., & Liu, H. (2018). Removal of toluene as a biomass tar surrogate in a catalytic nonthermal plasma process. Energy and Fuels, doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b02444. ISSN 0887-0624

In this study, a packed-bed dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor was developed to investigate the removal of biomass tar in a fuel gas atmosphere. Toluene was used as the tar surrogate, and the catalyst used was a Nickel-based catalyst (Ni/γ-Al... Read More

A review of the applications of phase change materials in cooling, heating and power generation in different temperature ranges (2018)
Journal Article
Du, K., Calautit, J. K., Wang, Z., Wu, Y., & Liu, H. (2018). A review of the applications of phase change materials in cooling, heating and power generation in different temperature ranges. Applied Energy, 220, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.005

Latent heat thermal energy storage is an attractive technique as it can provide higher energy storage density than conventional heat energy storage systems and has the capability to store heat of fusion at a constant (or a near constant) temperature... Read More

Studies on combustion behaviours of single biomass particles using a visualization method (2017)
Journal Article
Shan, L., Kong, M., Bennet, T. D., Sarroza, A. C., Eastwick, C., Sun, D., …Liu, H. (2018). Studies on combustion behaviours of single biomass particles using a visualization method. Biomass and Bioenergy, 109, doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.12.008

Combustion behaviours of single particles (125–150 μm) of eucalyptus, pine and olive residue were investigated by means of a transparent visual drop-tube furnace, electrically heated to 1073 K, and a high-speed camera coupling with a long distance mi... Read More

Oxy-fuel combustion study of biomass fuels in a 20 kWth fluidized bed combustor (2017)
Journal Article
Sher, F., Pans, M. A., Sun, C., Snape, C. E., & Liu, H. (2018). Oxy-fuel combustion study of biomass fuels in a 20 kWth fluidized bed combustor. Fuel, 215, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2017.11.039

Oxy-fuel combustion is one of the promising carbon capture technologies considered to be suitable for future commercial applications with stationary combustion plants. Although more and more biomass and waste are now being burned in stationary combus... Read More

Catalytic and non-catalytic synergistic effects and their individual contributions to improved combustion performance of coal/biomass blends (2017)
Journal Article
Oladejo, J. M., Adegbite, S., Liu, H., & Wu, T. (2018). Catalytic and non-catalytic synergistic effects and their individual contributions to improved combustion performance of coal/biomass blends. Applied Energy, 211, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.11.052

This study focuses on the synergistic properties of three types of coal when co-fired with oat straw at different blending ratios. The results demonstrated non-additive interaction between oat straw and coal samples. The catalytic effect of oat straw... Read More