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Autistic traits in adults who have attempted suicide (2019)
Journal Article
Richards, G., Kenny, R., Griffiths, S., Allison, C., Mosse, D., Holt, R., …Baron-Cohen, S. (2019). Autistic traits in adults who have attempted suicide. Molecular Autism, 10(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13229-019-0274-4

Background An emerging literature suggests that autistic adults are at increased risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts, making suicidal plans and attempts, and dying by suicide. However, few studies have investigated whether autistic traits are rel... Read More about Autistic traits in adults who have attempted suicide.

Improving developmental and educational support for children born preterm: evaluation of an e-learning resource for education professionals (2019)
Journal Article
Johnson, S., Bamber, D., Bountziouka, V., Clayton, S., Cragg, L., Gilmore, C., …Wharrad, H. J. (2019). Improving developmental and educational support for children born preterm: evaluation of an e-learning resource for education professionals. BMJ Open, 9(6), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029720

Objectives Children born preterm are at higher risk for special educational needs and poor academic attainment compared with term-born peers, yet education professionals receive limited training and have poor knowledge of preterm birth. We have devel... Read More about Improving developmental and educational support for children born preterm: evaluation of an e-learning resource for education professionals.

Olfactory threshold selectively predicts positive psychometric schizotypy (2019)
Journal Article
Mathur, N., Dawes, C., & Moran, P. (2019). Olfactory threshold selectively predicts positive psychometric schizotypy. Schizophrenia Research, 209, 80-87. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2019.05.014

Olfactory impairment might be useful as a non-invasive pre-morbid biological marker of psychosis. People with schizophrenia show consistent impairments, but an association between olfaction and schizotypy in non-clinical populations is inconclusive a... Read More about Olfactory threshold selectively predicts positive psychometric schizotypy.

Neural substrates of early executive function development (2019)
Journal Article
Fiske, A., & Holmboe, K. (2019). Neural substrates of early executive function development. Developmental Review, 52, 42-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dr.2019.100866

In the last decade, advances in neuroimaging technologies have given rise to a large number of research studies that investigate the neural underpinnings of executive function (EF). EF has long been associated with the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and inv... Read More about Neural substrates of early executive function development.

Self-harm in midlife: an analysis using data from the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England (2019)
Journal Article
Clements, C., Hawton, K., Geulayov, G., Waters, K., Ness, J., Rehman, M., …Kapur, N. (2019). Self-harm in midlife: an analysis using data from the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England. British Journal of Psychiatry, 215(4), 600-607 . https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2019.90

Background: Suicide rates in England are highest in men and women in midlife (defined here as people aged 40-59 years). Despite the link between self-harm and suicide there has been little focus on self-harm in this age-group. Method: Data from th... Read More about Self-harm in midlife: an analysis using data from the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England.

Accurate inferences of others' thoughts depend on where they stand on the empathic trait continuum (2019)
Journal Article
Wu, W., & Mitchell, P. (2019). Accurate inferences of others' thoughts depend on where they stand on the empathic trait continuum. Personality and Individual Differences, 148, 110-116. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2019.05.025

This research explores the possibility that a person's (perceiver's) prospects of making a correct inference of another person's (target's) inner states depends on the personal characteristics of the target, potentially relating to how readable they... Read More about Accurate inferences of others' thoughts depend on where they stand on the empathic trait continuum.

Interactive apps prevent gender discrepancies in early grade mathematics in a low‐income country in Sub‐Sahara Africa (2019)
Journal Article
Pitchford, N. J., Chigeda, A., & Hubber, P. J. (2019). Interactive apps prevent gender discrepancies in early grade mathematics in a low‐income country in Sub‐Sahara Africa. Developmental Science, 22(5), doi:10.1111/desc.12864

Globally, gender differences are reported in the early acquisition of reading and mathematics as girls tend to outperform boys in reading whereas boys tend to outperform girls in mathematics. This can have long‐term impact resulting in an under repre... Read More about Interactive apps prevent gender discrepancies in early grade mathematics in a low‐income country in Sub‐Sahara Africa.

A theory-driven qualitative study exploring issues relating to adherence to topical glaucoma medications (2019)
Journal Article
McDonald, S., Ferguson, E., Hagger, M. S., Foss, A. J. E., & King, A. J. (2019). A theory-driven qualitative study exploring issues relating to adherence to topical glaucoma medications. Patient Preference and Adherence, 2019(13), 819-828. doi:10.2147/PPA.S174922

Purpose: Investigating patients’ perceptions of their illness can provide important insights into the experience and management of the illness and associated treatment, and enhance understanding of variations in adherence to prescribed medication. Th... Read More about A theory-driven qualitative study exploring issues relating to adherence to topical glaucoma medications.

Maladaptive striatal plasticity and abnormal reward‐learning in cervical dystonia (2019)
Journal Article
Gilbertson, T., Humphries, M., & Steele, J. D. (2019). Maladaptive striatal plasticity and abnormal reward‐learning in cervical dystonia. European Journal of Neuroscience, 50(7), 3191-3204. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.14414

In monogenetic generalized forms of dystonia, in vitro neurophysiological recordings have demonstrated direct evidence for abnormal plasticity at the level of the cortico‐striatal synapse. It is unclear whether similar abnormalities contribute to the... Read More about Maladaptive striatal plasticity and abnormal reward‐learning in cervical dystonia.

Self-organised reactivation maintains and reinforces memories despite synaptic turnover (2019)
Journal Article
Fauth, M. J., & van Rossum, M. C. (2019). Self-organised reactivation maintains and reinforces memories despite synaptic turnover. eLife, 2019(8), doi:10.7554/eLife.43717

Long-term memories are believed to be stored in the synapses of cortical neuronal networks. However, recent experiments report continuous creation and removal of cortical synapses, which raises the question how memories can survive on such a variable... Read More about Self-organised reactivation maintains and reinforces memories despite synaptic turnover.

Do our risk preferences change when we make decisions for others? A meta-analysis of self-other differences in decisions involving risk (2019)
Journal Article
Batteux, E., Ferguson, E., & Tunney, R. J. (2019). Do our risk preferences change when we make decisions for others? A meta-analysis of self-other differences in decisions involving risk. PLoS ONE, 14(5), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216566

Background Are we more risk-averse or risk-seeking when we make decisions on behalf of other people as opposed to ourselves? So far, findings have not been able to provide a clear and consistent answer. Method We propose a meta-analysis to assess... Read More about Do our risk preferences change when we make decisions for others? A meta-analysis of self-other differences in decisions involving risk.

A Computational Implementation of a Hebbian Learning Network and its Application to Configural Forms of Acquired Equivalence (2019)
Journal Article
Robinson, J., Heinke, D., & George, D. (2019). A Computational Implementation of a Hebbian Learning Network and its Application to Configural Forms of Acquired Equivalence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 45(3), 356-371. doi:10.1037/xan0000203

We describe and report the results of computer simulations of the three-layer Hebbian network informally described by Honey, Close, and Lin (2010). Simulations were of four published experimental demonstrations of configural acquired equivalence. Exp... Read More about A Computational Implementation of a Hebbian Learning Network and its Application to Configural Forms of Acquired Equivalence.

Motion integration is anisotropic during smooth pursuit eye movements (2019)
Journal Article
Souto, D., Chudasama, J., Kerzel, D., & Johnston, A. (2019). Motion integration is anisotropic during smooth pursuit eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, 121(5), 1787-1797. doi:10.1152/jn.00591.2018

Smooth pursuit eye movements (pursuit) are used to minimize the retinal motion of moving objects. During pursuit, the pattern of motion on the retina carries not only information about the object movement but also reafferent information about the eye... Read More about Motion integration is anisotropic during smooth pursuit eye movements.

Are sequential sample designs useful for examining post-traumatic changes in character strengths? (2019)
Journal Article
Lamade, R. V., Jayawickreme, E., Blackie, L. E., & Mcgrath, R. E. (2019). Are sequential sample designs useful for examining post-traumatic changes in character strengths?. Journal of Positive Psychology, doi:10.1080/17439760.2019.1610481

Previous research on differences in character strengths as a result of traumatic cultural events has relied on non-overlapping samples of individuals who completed online questionnaires before and after the event. This study expands on these previous... Read More about Are sequential sample designs useful for examining post-traumatic changes in character strengths?.

Supported and valued? A survey of early career researchers’ experiences and perceptions of youth and adult involvement in mental health, self-harm and suicide research (2019)
Journal Article
Wadman, R., Williams, J., Brown, K., & Nielsen, E. (2019). Supported and valued? A survey of early career researchers’ experiences and perceptions of youth and adult involvement in mental health, self-harm and suicide research. Research Involvement and Engagement, 5, 1-12. doi:10.1186/s40900-019-0149-z

Background Patient and public involvement (PPI) in mental health research, including self-harm and suicide research, is desirable (as with other health topics) but may involve specific challenges given the perceived sensitivity of the topic. This is... Read More about Supported and valued? A survey of early career researchers’ experiences and perceptions of youth and adult involvement in mental health, self-harm and suicide research.

How are major gambling brands using Twitter? (2019)
Journal Article
James, R. J. E., & Bradley, A. (2019). How are major gambling brands using Twitter?. International Gambling Studies, 19(3), 451-470. https://doi.org/10.1080/14459795.2019.1606927

This paper is the first to compare how major gambling brands are using the popular social media platform Twitter, looking at how gambling brands vary in the frequency of their messages, the content of their tweets and engagement with their Twitter ac... Read More about How are major gambling brands using Twitter?.

Data visualization for inference in tomographic brain imaging (2019)
Journal Article
Pernet, C., & MADAN, C. (in press). Data visualization for inference in tomographic brain imaging. European Journal of Neuroscience,

Tomographic brain imaging has a rich iconography. Whilst figures are prepared for scientific communication (i.e., directed to other researchers) they also often end-up on magazine and journal covers (i.e., directed to a lay audience). Scientific figu... Read More about Data visualization for inference in tomographic brain imaging.

Do we make decisions for other people based on our predictions of their preferences?: evidence from financial and medical scenarios involving risk (2019)
Journal Article
Batteux, E., Ferguson, E., & Tunney, R. J. (2019). Do we make decisions for other people based on our predictions of their preferences?: evidence from financial and medical scenarios involving risk. Thinking and Reasoning, doi:10.1080/13546783.2019.1592779

The ways in which the decisions we make for others differ from the ones we make for ourselves has received much attention in the literature, although less is known about their relationship to our predictions of the recipient’s preferences. The latter... Read More about Do we make decisions for other people based on our predictions of their preferences?: evidence from financial and medical scenarios involving risk.

Reduced associative memory for negative information: impact of confidence and interactive imagery during study (2019)
Journal Article
Caplan, J., Sommer, T., Madan, C., & Fujiwara, E. (2019). Reduced associative memory for negative information: impact of confidence and interactive imagery during study. Cognition and Emotion, 33(8), 1745-1753. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2019.1602028

Although item-memory for emotional information is enhanced, memory for associations between items is often impaired for negative, emotionally arousing compared to neutral information. We tested two possible mechanisms underlying this impairment, usin... Read More about Reduced associative memory for negative information: impact of confidence and interactive imagery during study.