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Induction and measurement of the early stage of a host-parasite interaction using a combined optical trapping and Raman micro-spectroscopy system (2019)
Journal Article
Sinjab, F., Elsheikha, H. M., Dooley, M., & Notingher, I. (in press). Induction and measurement of the early stage of a host-parasite interaction using a combined optical trapping and Raman micro-spectroscopy system. Advances in Optics and Photonics,

Understanding and quantifying the temporal acquisition of host cell molecules by intracellular pathogens is fundamentally important in biology. In this study, a recently developed holographic optical trapping (HOT)-based Raman micro-spectroscopy (RMS... Read More about Induction and measurement of the early stage of a host-parasite interaction using a combined optical trapping and Raman micro-spectroscopy system.

Reduced Myelin Signal in Normal-appearing White Matter in Neuromyelitis Optica Measured by 7T Magnetic Resonance Imaging (2019)
Journal Article
Chou, I., Tanasescu, R., Mougin, O. E., Gowland, P. A., Tench, C. R., Whitehouse, W. P., …Constantinescu, C. S. (2019). Reduced Myelin Signal in Normal-appearing White Matter in Neuromyelitis Optica Measured by 7T Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Scientific Reports, 9, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-50928-0

Whether the integrity of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) is preserved in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) is open to debate. To examine whether the tissue integrity of NAWM in NMOSD is compromised compared to that in healthy contr... Read More about Reduced Myelin Signal in Normal-appearing White Matter in Neuromyelitis Optica Measured by 7T Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

The association between subcortical and cortical fMRI and lifetime noise exposure in listeners with normal hearing thresholds (2019)
Journal Article
Dewey, R. S., Francis, S. T., Guest, H., Prendergast, G., Millman, R. E., Plack, C. J., & Hall, D. A. (2020). The association between subcortical and cortical fMRI and lifetime noise exposure in listeners with normal hearing thresholds. NeuroImage, 204, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116239

© 2019 In animal models, exposure to high noise levels can cause permanent damage to hair-cell synapses (cochlear synaptopathy) for high-threshold auditory nerve fibers without affecting sensitivity to quiet sounds. This has been confirmed in several... Read More about The association between subcortical and cortical fMRI and lifetime noise exposure in listeners with normal hearing thresholds.

Quantum corrections to vacuum energy sequestering (with monodromy) (2019)
Journal Article
Kamal El-Menoufi, B., Nagy, S., Niedermann, F., & Padilla, A. (2019). Quantum corrections to vacuum energy sequestering (with monodromy). Classical and Quantum Gravity, 36(21), https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ab46f6

Field theory models of axion monodromy have been shown to exhibit vacuum energy sequestering as an emergent phenomenon for cancelling radiative corrections to the cosmological constant. We study one loop corrections to this class of models coming fro... Read More about Quantum corrections to vacuum energy sequestering (with monodromy).

From the outside looking in: what can Milky Way Analogues tell us about the star formation rate of our own galaxy? (2019)
Journal Article
Fraser-Mckelvie, A., Merrifield, M., & Aragón-Salamanca, A. (2019). From the outside looking in: what can Milky Way Analogues tell us about the star formation rate of our own galaxy?. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 489(4), 5030–5036. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2493

The Milky Way has been described as an anaemic spiral, but is its star formation rate (SFR) unusually low when compared to its peers? To answer this question, we define a sample of Milky Way Analogues (MWAs) based on stringent cuts on the best litera... Read More about From the outside looking in: what can Milky Way Analogues tell us about the star formation rate of our own galaxy?.

High frequency elastic coupling at the interface of van der Waals nanolayers imaged by picosecond ultrasonics (2019)
Journal Article
Greener, J. D., de Lima Savi, E., Akimov, A. V., Raetz, S., Kudrynskyi, Z., Kovalyuk, Z. D., …Gusev, V. E. (2019). High frequency elastic coupling at the interface of van der Waals nanolayers imaged by picosecond ultrasonics. ACS Nano, https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b05052

Although the topography of van de Waals (vdW) layers and heterostructures can be imaged by scanning probe microscopy, high-frequency interface elastic properties are more difficult to assess. These can influence the stability, reliability and perform... Read More about High frequency elastic coupling at the interface of van der Waals nanolayers imaged by picosecond ultrasonics.

Accelerated relaxation and suppressed dynamic heterogeneity in a kinetically constrained (East) model with swaps (2019)
Journal Article
Gutiérrez, R., Garrahan, J. P., & Jack, R. L. (2019). Accelerated relaxation and suppressed dynamic heterogeneity in a kinetically constrained (East) model with swaps. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, 2019(9), https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/ab39d8

We introduce a kinetically constrained spin model with a local softness parameter, such that spin flips can violate the kinetic constraint with an (annealed) site-dependent rate. We show that adding MC swap moves to this model can dramatically accele... Read More about Accelerated relaxation and suppressed dynamic heterogeneity in a kinetically constrained (East) model with swaps.

AIRBED: a simplified density functional theory model for physisorption on surfaces (2019)
Journal Article
Mason, S. E., Beton, P. H., & Besley, N. A. (in press). AIRBED: a simplified density functional theory model for physisorption on surfaces. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation,

Dispersion interactions are commonly included in density functional theory (DFT) calculations through the addition of an empirical correction. In this study, a modification is made to the damping function in DFT-D2 calculations, to describe repulsion... Read More about AIRBED: a simplified density functional theory model for physisorption on surfaces.

Time-slicing spiral galaxies with SDSS-IV MaNGA (2019)
Journal Article
Peterken, T., Fraser-Mckelvie, A., Aragón-Salamanca, A., Merrifield, M., Kraljic, K., Knapen, J. H., …Drory, N. (2019). Time-slicing spiral galaxies with SDSS-IV MaNGA. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 489(1), 1338–1343. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2204/5548799

Spectra of galaxies contain a wealth of information about the stellar populations from which they are made. With integral-field unit (IFU) surveys, such data can be used to map out stellar population properties across the face of a galaxy, allowing o... Read More about Time-slicing spiral galaxies with SDSS-IV MaNGA.

The role of microstructural development in the hydrothermal corrosion of cast and HIPed Stellite 6 analogues in simulated PWR conditions (2019)
Journal Article
Karimi, G., Carrington, M., Thomas, J., Shipway, P., Stewart, D., & Hussain, T. (2019). The role of microstructural development in the hydrothermal corrosion of cast and HIPed Stellite 6 analogues in simulated PWR conditions. Corrosion Science, doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2019.108141

The corrosion behaviour of cast and HIPed Stellite 6 analogue materials in PWR-simulating conditions was investigated. The cast alloy exhibited localised corrosion at the boundary between the matrix and the M7C3 carbides, with this being attributed t... Read More about The role of microstructural development in the hydrothermal corrosion of cast and HIPed Stellite 6 analogues in simulated PWR conditions.

Theory of double Cooper-pair tunneling and light emission mediated by a resonator (2019)
Journal Article
Morley, W. T., Di Marco, A., Mantovani, M., Stadler, P., Belzig, W., Rastelli, G., & Armour, A. (2019). Theory of double Cooper-pair tunneling and light emission mediated by a resonator. Physical Review B, 100(5),

Photon emission by tunneling electrons can be encouraged by locating a resonator close to the tunnel junction and applying an appropriate voltage-bias. However, studies of normal metals show that the resonator also affects how the charges flow, facil... Read More about Theory of double Cooper-pair tunneling and light emission mediated by a resonator.

Subradiance-protected excitation transport (2019)
Journal Article
Needham, J. A., Lesanovsky, I., & Olmos, B. (2019). Subradiance-protected excitation transport. New Journal of Physics, 21(7), doi:10.1088/1367-2630/ab31e8

We explore excitation transport within a one-dimensional chain of atoms where the atomic transition dipoles are coupled to the free radiation field. When the atoms are separated by distances smaller or comparable to the wavelength of the transition,... Read More about Subradiance-protected excitation transport.

Strong zero modes in a class of generalised Ising spin ladders with plaquette interactions (2019)
Journal Article
Vasiloiu, L. M., Carollo, F., Marcuzzi, M., & Garrahan, J. P. (2019). Strong zero modes in a class of generalised Ising spin ladders with plaquette interactions. Physical Review B, 100(2), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.100.024309

We study a class of spin-1/2 quantum ladder models with generalised plaquette interactions in the presence of a transverse field. We show that in certain parameter regimes these models have strong zero modes responsible for the long relaxation times... Read More about Strong zero modes in a class of generalised Ising spin ladders with plaquette interactions.

Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics: a roadmap (2019)
Journal Article
Barack, L., Cardoso, V., Nissanke, S., Sotiriou, T. P., Askar, A., Belczynski, C., …Zilhão, M. (2019). Black holes, gravitational waves and fundamental physics: a roadmap. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 36(14), 143001. doi:10.1088/1361-6382/ab0587

Josephson junction cavity systems as cousins of the quantum optical micromaser (2019)
Journal Article
Dambach, S., Armour, A. D., Kubala, B., & Ankerhold, J. (2019). Josephson junction cavity systems as cousins of the quantum optical micromaser. Physica Scripta, 94(10), doi:10.1088/1402-4896/ab2a90

We explore the similarities and differences between simple theoretical models developed to describe the quantum optical micromaser and Josephson-photonics devices. Whilst the micromaser has long been recognised as an important model for the dynamics... Read More about Josephson junction cavity systems as cousins of the quantum optical micromaser.

Spontaneous scalarization in generalized scalar-tensor theory (2019)
Journal Article
Andreou, N., Franchini, N., Ventagli, G., & Sotiriou, T. P. (2019). Spontaneous scalarization in generalized scalar-tensor theory. Physical Review D, 99(12), doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.124022

Spontaneous scalarization is a mechanism that endows relativistic stars and black holes with a nontrivial configuration only when their spacetime curvature exceeds some threshold. The standard way to trigger spontaneous scalarization is via a tachyon... Read More about Spontaneous scalarization in generalized scalar-tensor theory.

The relationship between negative BOLD responses and ERS and ERD of alpha/beta oscillations in visual and motor cortex (2019)
Journal Article
Wilson, R., Mullinger, K. J., Francis, S. T., & Mayhew, S. D. (2019). The relationship between negative BOLD responses and ERS and ERD of alpha/beta oscillations in visual and motor cortex. NeuroImage, doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.06.009

Previous work has investigated the electrophysiological origins of the intra-modal (within the stimulated sensory cortex) negative BOLD fMRI response (NBR, decrease from baseline) but little attention has been paid to the origin of cross-modal NBRs,... Read More about The relationship between negative BOLD responses and ERS and ERD of alpha/beta oscillations in visual and motor cortex.

Towards OPM-MEG in a virtual reality environment (2019)
Journal Article
Roberts, G., Holmes, N., Alexander, N., Boto, E., Leggett, J., Hill, R. M., …Brookes, M. J. (2019). Towards OPM-MEG in a virtual reality environment. NeuroImage, 199, 408-417. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.06.010

Virtual reality (VR) provides an immersive environment in which a participant can experience a feeling of presence in a virtual world. Such environments generate strong emotional and physical responses and have been used for wide-ranging applications... Read More about Towards OPM-MEG in a virtual reality environment.

Multipole moments and universal relations for scalarized neutron stars (2019)
Journal Article
Pappas, G., Doneva, D. D., Sotiriou, T. P., Yazadjiev, S. S., & Kokkotas, K. D. (2019). Multipole moments and universal relations for scalarized neutron stars. Physical Review D, 99(10), doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.104014

In recent years there has been a surge of interest in what has come to be known as the “universal relations” between various global properties of neutron stars. These universal relations are equation of state independent relations between quantities... Read More about Multipole moments and universal relations for scalarized neutron stars.