Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Evaluation of the impact of a brief educational message on clinicians’ awareness of risks of ionising-radiation exposure in imaging investigations: a pilot pre-post intervention study (2019)
Journal Article
Young, B., Cranwell, J., Fogarty, A. W., Skelly, R., Sturrock, N., Norwood, M., …Thurley, P. (2019). Evaluation of the impact of a brief educational message on clinicians’ awareness of risks of ionising-radiation exposure in imaging investigations: a pilot pre-post intervention study. BMC Health Services Research, 19, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4712-y

Background: In the context of increasing availability of computed tomography (CT) scans, judicious use of ionising radiation is a priority to minimise the risk of future health problems. Hence, education of clinicians on the risks and benefits of CT... Read More about Evaluation of the impact of a brief educational message on clinicians’ awareness of risks of ionising-radiation exposure in imaging investigations: a pilot pre-post intervention study.

A data analysis of the Chilean housing stock and the development of modelling archetypes (2019)
Journal Article
Molina, C., Kent, M., Hall, I., & Jones, B. (2020). A data analysis of the Chilean housing stock and the development of modelling archetypes. Energy and Buildings, 206, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109568

Chile is a South American country experiencing greater social and economic development than the majority of its neighbours and whose economy is transitioning from developing to developed status. It is committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emis... Read More about A data analysis of the Chilean housing stock and the development of modelling archetypes.

Clinical significance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2-alkyl-4-quinolone quorum-sensing signal molecules for long-term outcomes in adults with cystic fibrosis (2019)
Journal Article
Webb, K., Fogarty, A., Barrett, D. A., Nash, E. F., Whitehouse, J. L., Smyth, A. R., …Cámara, M. (2019). Clinical significance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2-alkyl-4-quinolone quorum-sensing signal molecules for long-term outcomes in adults with cystic fibrosis. Journal of Medical Microbiology, https://doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.001099

Introduction : Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important respiratory pathogen in cystic fibrosis (CF), which is associated with an accelerated decline in lung function, frequent pulmonary exacerbations and increased mortality. P. aeruginosa produces in... Read More about Clinical significance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2-alkyl-4-quinolone quorum-sensing signal molecules for long-term outcomes in adults with cystic fibrosis.

Does cost feedback modify demand for common blood tests in secondary care? A prospective controlled intervention study (2019)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Young, B., Thurley, P., Shaw, D., Cranwell, J., Skelly, R., …Andrew Fogarty, . (2019). Does cost feedback modify demand for common blood tests in secondary care? A prospective controlled intervention study. Future Healthcare Journal, 6(3), 204-208. https://doi.org/10.7861/fhj.2019-0001

Background: Behavioural insights or ‘nudge’ theory suggests that non-directional interventions may be used to modify human behaviour. We have tested the hypothesis that the provision of the cost of common blood tests with their results may modify sub... Read More about Does cost feedback modify demand for common blood tests in secondary care? A prospective controlled intervention study.

European Respiratory Society guideline on long term management of children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (2019)
Journal Article
Duijts, L., van Meel, E. R., Moschino, L., Baraldi, E., Barnhoorn, M., Bramer, W. M., …Pijnenburg, M. W. (2019). European Respiratory Society guideline on long term management of children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. European Respiratory Journal, https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00788-2019

This document provides recommendations for monitoring and treatment of children in whom bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has been established and were discharged from the hospital, or who were older than 36 weeks of postmenstrual age. The guideline w... Read More about European Respiratory Society guideline on long term management of children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Editorial: understanding differences in patient response to ondansetron in irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea-are we any closer? Authors' reply (2019)
Journal Article
Gunn, D., Garsed, K., Lam, C., Singh, G., Lingaya, M., Wahl, V., …Spiller, R. (2019). Editorial: understanding differences in patient response to ondansetron in irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea-are we any closer? Authors' reply. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 50(7), 826-827. https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.15465

Setting the standard: The acceptability of kitchen ventilation for the English housing stock (2019)
Journal Article
O'Leary, C., Jones, B., Dimitroulopoulou, S., & Hall, I. P. (2019). Setting the standard: The acceptability of kitchen ventilation for the English housing stock. Building and Environment, 166, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.106417

Exposure to particulate matter with diameter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) is associated with an elevated risk of adverse health effects and cooking is a primary source of PM2.5 in non-smoking households. Therefore, it is important to investigate PM2.5 concentrati... Read More about Setting the standard: The acceptability of kitchen ventilation for the English housing stock.

Changes in Asthma Mortality in England and Wales since 2001 (2019)
Journal Article
Shaw, D. E., Gaynor, C. M., & Fogarty, A. (2019). Changes in Asthma Mortality in England and Wales since 2001. Thorax, https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2019-213350

The number of deaths from asthma in England and Wales has not changed significantly over the last decade. This lack of improvement has received attention from both national asthma guidelines and the media. We examined asthma death data from the Offic... Read More about Changes in Asthma Mortality in England and Wales since 2001.

Exposure to lippolysaccharide (LPS) reduces contractile response of small airways from GSTCD+ mice (2019)
Journal Article
Liu, B., Henry, A. P., Azimi, S., Miller, S., Lee, F. K., Lee, J. C., …Hall, I. P. (2019). Exposure to lippolysaccharide (LPS) reduces contractile response of small airways from GSTCD+ mice. PLoS ONE, 14(9), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221899

Introduction: Genome-Wide Association Studies suggest glutathione S transferase C terminal domain (GSTCD) may play a role in development of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. We aimed to define the potential role of GSTCD in airway inflammation a... Read More about Exposure to lippolysaccharide (LPS) reduces contractile response of small airways from GSTCD+ mice.

Defining a role for lung function associated gene GSTCD in cell homeostasis (2019)
Journal Article
Henry, A. P., Probert, K., Stewart, C. E., Thakker, D., Bhaker, S., Azimi, S., …Sayers, I. (2019). Defining a role for lung function associated gene GSTCD in cell homeostasis. Respiratory Research, 20(1), doi:10.1186/s12931-019-1146-3

Genome wide association (GWA) studies have reproducibly identified signals on chromosome 4q24 associated with lung function and COPD. GSTCD (Glutathione S-transferase C-terminal domain containing) represents a candidate causal gene in this locus, how... Read More about Defining a role for lung function associated gene GSTCD in cell homeostasis.

Cross-sectional study of reversible airway obstruction in LAM: better evidence is needed for bronchodilator and inhaled steroid use (2019)
Journal Article
Johnson, J., & Johnson, S. R. (2019). Cross-sectional study of reversible airway obstruction in LAM: better evidence is needed for bronchodilator and inhaled steroid use. Thorax, 74(10), 999-1002. https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2019-213338

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis can be associated with reversible airflow obstruction and although no guidelines around reversibility testing or inhaled therapy exist, many patients receive bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids. To better identify tho... Read More about Cross-sectional study of reversible airway obstruction in LAM: better evidence is needed for bronchodilator and inhaled steroid use.

Evaluation of a nudge intervention providing simple feedback to clinicians of the consequence of radiation exposure on demand for computerised tomography scans: a prospective, controlled study (2019)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Shaw, D., Langley, T., Fogarty, A., Young, B., & Cranwell, O. (2019). Evaluation of a nudge intervention providing simple feedback to clinicians of the consequence of radiation exposure on demand for computerised tomography scans: a prospective, controlled study. Clinical Medicine, 19(4), 290-293. doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.19-4-290

Computerised tomography (CT) is readily available in developed countries. As one of the side-effects includes an increased risk of cancer, interventions that may encourage more judicious use of CT scans are important. Behavioural economics theory inc... Read More about Evaluation of a nudge intervention providing simple feedback to clinicians of the consequence of radiation exposure on demand for computerised tomography scans: a prospective, controlled study.

A Specific Proteinase 3 Activity Footprint in Alpha-1-antitrypsin Deficiency (2019)
Journal Article
Newby, P. R., Crossley, D., Crisford, H., Stockley, J. A., Mumford, R. A., Carter, R. I., …Stockley, R. A. (2019). A Specific Proteinase 3 Activity Footprint in Alpha-1-antitrypsin Deficiency. ERJ Open Research, 5(3), doi:10.1183/23120541.00095-2019

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is a risk factor for emphysema due to tissue damage by serine proteases. Neutrophil elastase has long been considered the enzyme responsible. However, proteinase 3 also produces the pathological features of Chronic Obst... Read More about A Specific Proteinase 3 Activity Footprint in Alpha-1-antitrypsin Deficiency.

An interview analysis of coordination behaviours in out-of-hours secondary care (2019)
Journal Article
Martindale, S., Golightly, D., Pinchin, J., Shaw, D., Blakey, J., Perez, I., & Sharples, S. (2019). An interview analysis of coordination behaviours in out-of-hours secondary care. Applied Ergonomics, 81, doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2019.05.011

This paper seeks to elicit and structure the factors that shape the execution and, in particular, the coordination of work in Out of Hours care. Evenings and weekends in UK hospitals are managed by specific Out of Hours (OoH) care arrangements, and a... Read More about An interview analysis of coordination behaviours in out-of-hours secondary care.

Increased FLYWCH1 Expression is Negatively Correlated with Wnt/β-catenin Target Gene Expression in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells (2019)
Journal Article
Almars, A., Chondrou, P. S., Onyido, E. K., Almozyan, S., Seedhouse, C., Babaei-Jadidi, R., & Nateri, A. S. (2019). Increased FLYWCH1 Expression is Negatively Correlated with Wnt/β-catenin Target Gene Expression in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(11), doi:10.3390/ijms20112739

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a heterogeneous clonal malignancy of hematopoietic progenitor cells. The Wnt pathway and its downstream targets are tightly regulated by β-catenin. We recently discovered a new protein, FLYWCH1, which can directly bin... Read More about Increased FLYWCH1 Expression is Negatively Correlated with Wnt/β-catenin Target Gene Expression in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells.

The Its Not JUST Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Study (INJUSTIS): Description of the protocol for a multicentre prospective observational cohort study identifying biomarkers of progressive fibrotic lung disease (2019)
Journal Article
Khan, F., Stewart, I., Howard, L., McKeever, T., Jones, S., Hearson, G., …Saini, G. (2019). The Its Not JUST Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Study (INJUSTIS): Description of the protocol for a multicentre prospective observational cohort study identifying biomarkers of progressive fibrotic lung disease. BMJ Open Respiratory Research, 6(1), 1-7. doi:10.1136/bmjresp-2019-000439

Introduction: The Its Not JUST Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Study (INJUSTIS) is a multicentre, prospective, observational cohort study. The aims of this study are to identify genetic, serum and other biomarkers that may identify specific molecular m... Read More about The Its Not JUST Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Study (INJUSTIS): Description of the protocol for a multicentre prospective observational cohort study identifying biomarkers of progressive fibrotic lung disease.

Controlled Trial of Budesonide–Formoterol as Needed for Mild Asthma (2019)
Journal Article
Beasley, R., Holliday, M., Reddel, H. K., Braithwaite, I., Ebmeier, S., Hancox, R. J., …Weatherall, M. (2019). Controlled Trial of Budesonide–Formoterol as Needed for Mild Asthma. New England Journal of Medicine, 380(21), 1-11. doi:10.1056/nejmoa1901963

BACKGROUND In double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, budesonide–formoterol used on an as-needed basis resulted in a lower risk of severe exacerbation of asthma than as-needed use of a short-acting β2-agonist (SABA); the risk was similar to that of... Read More about Controlled Trial of Budesonide–Formoterol as Needed for Mild Asthma.