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Magnesium biofortification of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) via agronomy and breeding as a potential way to reduce grass tetany in grazing ruminants (2019)
Journal Article
Kumssa, D. B., Lovatt, J. A., Graham, N. S., Palmer, S., Hayden, R., Wilson, L., …Broadley, M. R. (2019). Magnesium biofortification of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) via agronomy and breeding as a potential way to reduce grass tetany in grazing ruminants. Plant and Soil, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-019-04337-x

RootNav 2.0: Deep Learning for Automatic Navigation of Complex Plant Root Architectures (2019)
Journal Article
Yasrab, R., Atkinson, J. A., Wells, D. M., French, A. P., Pridmore, T. P., & Pound, M. P. (2019). RootNav 2.0: Deep Learning for Automatic Navigation of Complex Plant Root Architectures. GigaScience, 8(11), https://doi.org/10.1101/709147

We present a new image analysis approach that provides fully-automatic extraction of complex root system architectures from a range of plant species in varied imaging setups. Driven by modern deep-learning approaches, RootNav 2.0 replaces previously... Read More about RootNav 2.0: Deep Learning for Automatic Navigation of Complex Plant Root Architectures.

A practical genome-enabled legitimacy assay for oil palm breeding and seed production (2019)
Journal Article
Teh, C., Lee, H., Abidin, H., Ong, A., Mayes, S., Chew, F., & Appleton, D. (2019). A practical genome-enabled legitimacy assay for oil palm breeding and seed production. BMC Plant Biology, 19(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-2062-x

Background: Legitimacy in breeding and commercial crop production depends on optimised protocols to ensure purity of crosses and correct field planting of material. In oil palm, the presence of three fruit forms permits these assumptions to be tested... Read More about A practical genome-enabled legitimacy assay for oil palm breeding and seed production.

The plant N‐degron pathways of ubiquitin‐mediated proteolysis (2019)
Journal Article
Holdsworth, M. J., Vicente, J., Sharma, G., Abbas, M., & Zubrycka, A. (2019). The plant N‐degron pathways of ubiquitin‐mediated proteolysis. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, https://doi.org/10.1111/jipb.12882

The amino‐terminal residue of a protein (or amino‐terminus of a peptide following protease cleavage) can be an important determinant of its stability, through the Ubiquitin‐Proteasome‐System associated N‐degron pathways. Plants contain a unique combi... Read More about The plant N‐degron pathways of ubiquitin‐mediated proteolysis.

A reconnaissance survey of farmers’ awareness of hypomagnesaemic tetany in UK cattle and sheep farms (2019)
Journal Article
Kumssa, D. B., Penrose, B., Bone, P. A., Lovatt, A., Broadley, M. R., Kendall, N. R., & Ander, L. (2019). A reconnaissance survey of farmers’ awareness of hypomagnesaemic tetany in UK cattle and sheep farms. PLoS ONE, 14(10), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223868

Hypomagnesaemic tetany (HypoMgT) in ruminants is a physiological disorder caused by inadequate intake or impaired absorption of magnesium (Mg) in the gut. If it is not detected and treated in time, HypoMgT can cause the death of the affected animal.... Read More about A reconnaissance survey of farmers’ awareness of hypomagnesaemic tetany in UK cattle and sheep farms.

Boundary line models for soil nutrient concentrations and wheat yield in national-scale data sets (2019)
Journal Article
Lark, R., Gillingham, V., Langton, D., & Marchant, B. (2019). Boundary line models for soil nutrient concentrations and wheat yield in national-scale data sets. European Journal of Soil Science, https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12891

In boundary line analysis a biological response (e.g. crop yield) is assumed to be a function of a variable (e.g. soil nutrient concentration) which limits the response in only some subset of observations because other limiting factors also apply. Th... Read More about Boundary line models for soil nutrient concentrations and wheat yield in national-scale data sets.

The use of pentaploid crosses for the introgression of Amblyopyrum muticum and D-genome chromosome segments into durum wheat (2019)
Journal Article
Othmeni, M., Grewal, S., Hubbart-Edwards, S., Yang, C., Scholefield, D., Ashling, S., …King, J. (2019). The use of pentaploid crosses for the introgression of Amblyopyrum muticum and D-genome chromosome segments into durum wheat. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01110

The wild relatives of wheat provide an important source of genetic variation for wheat improvement. Much of the work in the past aimed at transferring genetic variation from wild relatives into wheat has relied on the exploitation of the ph1b mutant,... Read More about The use of pentaploid crosses for the introgression of Amblyopyrum muticum and D-genome chromosome segments into durum wheat.

Ethylene-mediated nitric oxide depletion pre-adapts plants to hypoxia stress (2019)
Journal Article
Hartman, S., Liu, Z., Van Veen, H., Vicente, J., Reinen, E., Martopawiro, S., …Voesenek, L. A. (2019). Ethylene-mediated nitric oxide depletion pre-adapts plants to hypoxia stress. Nature Communications, 10, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12045-4

Timely perception of adverse environmental changes is critical for survival. Dynamic changes in gases are important cues for plants to sense environmental perturbations, such as submergence. In Arabidopsis thaliana, changes in oxygen and nitric oxide... Read More about Ethylene-mediated nitric oxide depletion pre-adapts plants to hypoxia stress.

Lateral Root Formation in Arabidopsis: A Well-Ordered LRexit (2019)
Journal Article
Banda, J., Bellande, K., von Wangenheim, D., Goh, T., Guyomarc’h, S., Laplaze, L., & Bennett, M. J. (2019). Lateral Root Formation in Arabidopsis: A Well-Ordered LRexit. Trends in Plant Science, 24(9), 826-839. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2019.06.015

Lateral roots (LRs) are crucial for increasing the surface area of root systems to explore heterogeneous soil environments. Major advances have recently been made in the model plant arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) to elucidate the cellular basis o... Read More about Lateral Root Formation in Arabidopsis: A Well-Ordered LRexit.

Recovering Wind-induced Plant motion in Dense Field Environments via Deep Learning and Multiple Object Tracking (2019)
Journal Article
Gibbs, J. A., Burgess, A. J., Pound, M. P., Pridmore, T. P., & Murchie, E. H. (2019). Recovering Wind-induced Plant motion in Dense Field Environments via Deep Learning and Multiple Object Tracking. Plant Physiology, 181, 28-42. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.19.00141

Understanding the relationships between local environmental conditions and plant structure and function is critical for both fundamental science and for improving the performance of crops in field settings. Wind-induced plant motion is important in m... Read More about Recovering Wind-induced Plant motion in Dense Field Environments via Deep Learning and Multiple Object Tracking.

Development of a New A –Genome-Specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Marker Set for the Molecular Characterization of Wheat– Introgression Lines (2019)
Journal Article
Cseh, A., Megyeri, M., Hubbart-Edwards, S., Yang, C., Scholefield, D., Ashling, S. S., …Grewal, S. (2019). Development of a New A –Genome-Specific Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Marker Set for the Molecular Characterization of Wheat– Introgression Lines. Plant Genome, The, 12(3), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.3835/plantgenome2018.12.0098

Bambara groundnut: an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change (2019)
Journal Article
Mayes, S., Ho, W. K., Chai, H. H., Gao, X., Kundy, A. C., Mateva, K. I., …Azam-Ali, S. N. (2019). Bambara groundnut: an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change. Planta, 250(3), 803–820. doi:10.1007/s00425-019-03191-6

Main conclusion Bambara groundnut has the potential to be used to contribute more the climate change ready agriculture. The requirement for nitrogen fixing, stress tolerant legumes is clear, particularly in low input agriculture. However, ensuring th... Read More about Bambara groundnut: an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change.

Bambara groundnut : an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change (2019)
Journal Article
Mayes, S., Ho, W. K., Chai, H. H., Gao, X., Kundy, A. C., Mateva, K. I., …Azam-Ali, S. (2019). Bambara groundnut : an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change. Planta, 250(3), 803-820. doi:10.1007/s00425-019-03191-6

World agriculture is currently based on very limited numbers of crops, representing a significant risk to food supplies, particularly in the face of climate change which is expected to increase the frequency of extreme events. Minor and underutilised... Read More about Bambara groundnut : an exemplar underutilised legume for resilience under climate change.

Crops For the Future (CFF): an overview of research efforts in the adoption of underutilised species (2019)
Journal Article
Gregory, P. J., Mayes, S., Hui, C. H., Jahanshiri, E., Julkifle, A., Kuppusamy, G., …Azam-Ali, S. N. (2019). Crops For the Future (CFF): an overview of research efforts in the adoption of underutilised species. Planta, 1-10. doi:10.1007/s00425-019-03179-2

Main conclusion Crops For the Future (CFF), as an entity, has established a broad range of research activities to promote the improvement and adoption of currently underutilised crops. Abstract This paper summarises selected research activities at Cr... Read More about Crops For the Future (CFF): an overview of research efforts in the adoption of underutilised species.

Role of cis-zeatin in root responses to phosphate starvation (2019)
Journal Article
Silva-Navas, J., Conesa, C. M., Saez, A., Navarro-Nelia, S., Garcia-Mina, J. M., Zamarreño, A. M., …del Pozo, J. C. (2019). Role of cis-zeatin in root responses to phosphate starvation. New Phytologist, 224(1), 242-257. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16020

Phosphate (Pi) is an essential nutrient for all organisms. Root are underground organs, but the majority of the root biology studies have been done growing the root system in presence of light. Root illumination alters the Pi starvation response (... Read More about Role of cis-zeatin in root responses to phosphate starvation.

Agronomic biofortification of cowpea with selenium: effects of selenate and selenite applications on selenium and phytate concentrations in seeds (2019)
Journal Article
Silva, V. M., Boleta, E. H., Martins, J. T., Santos, F. L., Rocha Silva, A. C., Alcock, T. D., …Reis, A. R. (2019). Agronomic biofortification of cowpea with selenium: effects of selenate and selenite applications on selenium and phytate concentrations in seeds. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, doi:10.1002/jsfa.9872

BACKGROUND Selenium (Se) is a nutrient for animals and humans, and is considered beneficial to higher plants. Selenium concentrations are low in most soils, which can result in a lack of Se in plants, and consequently in human diets. Phytic acid (PA... Read More about Agronomic biofortification of cowpea with selenium: effects of selenate and selenite applications on selenium and phytate concentrations in seeds.

Overexpression of the MYB29 transcription factor affects aliphatic glucosinolate synthesis in Brassica oleracea (2019)
Journal Article
Zuluaga, D. L., Graham, N. S., Klinder, A., van Ommen Kloeke, A. E., Marcotrigiano, A. R., Wagstaff, C., …Aarts, M. G. (2019). Overexpression of the MYB29 transcription factor affects aliphatic glucosinolate synthesis in Brassica oleracea. Plant Molecular Biology, 101(1-2), 65–79 . doi:10.1007/s11103-019-00890-2

Isothiocyanates, the bio-active hydrolysis products of glucosinolates, naturally produced by several Brassicaceae species, play an important role in human health and agriculture. This study aims at correlating the content of aliphatic glucosinolates... Read More about Overexpression of the MYB29 transcription factor affects aliphatic glucosinolate synthesis in Brassica oleracea.

Optimizing dry-matter partitioning for increased spike growth, grain number and harvest index in spring wheat (2019)
Journal Article
Rivera-Amado, C., Trujillo-Negrellos ⁠, E., Molero, G., Reynolds, M. P., Sylvester-Bradley, R., & Foulkes, M. J. (2019). Optimizing dry-matter partitioning for increased spike growth, grain number and harvest index in spring wheat. Field Crops Research, 240, 154-167. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2019.04.016

Improving biomass is an important goal for future genetic gains in yield potential in wheat, but it will also be crucial to identify physiological traits to maximize harvest index (HI, proportion of aboveground biomass in grain). Increased grain part... Read More about Optimizing dry-matter partitioning for increased spike growth, grain number and harvest index in spring wheat.