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Performance des banques islamiques vs banques conventionnelles : quelles exigences en matière de fonds propres réglementaires ? (2019)
Journal Article
Bitar, M., & Peillex, J. (2019). Performance des banques islamiques vs banques conventionnelles : quelles exigences en matière de fonds propres réglementaires ?. Revue Economique, 70(4), 495-537. https://doi.org/10.3917/reco.pr2.0134

Cet article propose de comparer les effets de divers ratios de fonds propres règlementaires fondés ou non sur la pondération des actifs par le risque sur la profitabilité et l'efficience de banques à la fois islamiques et conventionnelles. Pour ce fa... Read More about Performance des banques islamiques vs banques conventionnelles : quelles exigences en matière de fonds propres réglementaires ?.

Efficiency in Islamic vs. conventional banking: The role of capital and liquidity (2019)
Journal Article
Bitar, M., Pukthuanthong, K., & Walker, T. (2019). Efficiency in Islamic vs. conventional banking: The role of capital and liquidity. Global Finance Journal, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfj.2019.100487

We show that higher capital and liquidity ratios increase the efficiency of conventional and Islamic banks. Using conditional quantile regressions, we further show that the effect is stronger for highly efficient, small, highly liquid, and highly cap... Read More about Efficiency in Islamic vs. conventional banking: The role of capital and liquidity.

Culture and the capital-performance nexus in dual banking systems (2019)
Journal Article
Bitar, M., Hassan, M. K., & Saad, W. (2019). Culture and the capital-performance nexus in dual banking systems. Economic Modelling, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2019.07.003

While recent surveys have taken a special interest in culture to explain the failure of existing regulation, empirical evidence on the role of culture in influencing the regulation-performance link is still largely unexplored. In this paper, we ask t... Read More about Culture and the capital-performance nexus in dual banking systems.

Creditor rights and bank capital decisions: Conventional vs. Islamic banking (2018)
Journal Article
Bitar, M., & Tarazi, A. (2019). Creditor rights and bank capital decisions: Conventional vs. Islamic banking. Journal of Corporate Finance, 55, 69-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2018.11.007

Using a sample of banks operating in 24 countries, we provide robust evidence that stronger creditor rights are associated with higher capital adequacy ratios for conventional banks but not for Islamic banks. Such results suggest that, under stronger... Read More about Creditor rights and bank capital decisions: Conventional vs. Islamic banking.

The Performance of Islamic Vs. Conventional Banks: Evidence on the Suitability of the Basel Capital Ratios (2018)
Journal Article
Bitar, M., Hassan, M. K., Pukthuanthong, K., & Walker, T. (2018). The Performance of Islamic Vs. Conventional Banks: Evidence on the Suitability of the Basel Capital Ratios. Open Economies Review, 29(5), 1003-1038

This paper examines the effect of various types of bank capital on the profitability and efficiency of conventional and Islamic banks. Our results show that higher quality forms of capital improve the profitability and efficiency for both systems alt... Read More about The Performance of Islamic Vs. Conventional Banks: Evidence on the Suitability of the Basel Capital Ratios.

Les banques islamiques sont-elles si islamiques que cela ? Conséquences en matière de fonds propres réglementaires (2017)
Journal Article
Bitar, M., & Madiès, P. (2017). Les banques islamiques sont-elles si islamiques que cela ? Conséquences en matière de fonds propres réglementaires. Revue d'Economie Financiere, 2017/1(125), 287-312. https://doi.org/10.3917/ecofi.125.0287

En théorie, les banques islamiques sont des institutions qui appliquent le concept de partage de profits et de pertes (PPP). Néanmoins, la littérature montre que, dans la pratique, les banques islamiques reposent essentiellement sur des opérations co... Read More about Les banques islamiques sont-elles si islamiques que cela ? Conséquences en matière de fonds propres réglementaires.

The determinants of Islamic bank capital decisions (2017)
Journal Article
Bitar, M., Hassan, M. K., & Hippler, W. J. (2017). The determinants of Islamic bank capital decisions. Emerging Markets Review, 35, 48-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ememar.2017.12.002

We report new evidence on the bank and institutional determinants of Islamic bank capital ratios in 28 countries between 1999 and 2013. Overall, we find that smaller, more profitable, and highly liquid Islamic banks are more highly capitalized. Addit... Read More about The determinants of Islamic bank capital decisions.

Political Systems and the Financial Soundness of Islamic Banks (2017)
Journal Article
Bitar, M., Hassan, M. K., & Walker, T. (2017). Political Systems and the Financial Soundness of Islamic Banks. Journal of Financial Stability, 31, 18-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfs.2017.06.002

We investigate whether and how political systems affect the financial soundness of conventional and Islamic banks. Using factors extracted from principal component analysis, we find that Islamic banks underperform their conventional counterparts in m... Read More about Political Systems and the Financial Soundness of Islamic Banks.