Research Repository

See what's under the surface


A Recommender System based on the Immune Network (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Cayzer, S., & Aickelin, U. (2002). A Recommender System based on the Immune Network

Abstract-The immune system is a complex biological system with a highly distributed, adaptive and self-organising nature. This paper presents an artificial immune system (AIS) that exploits some of these characteristics and is applied to the task of... Read More

The NumbersWithNames Program (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Colton, S., & Dennis, L. A. (2002). The NumbersWithNames Program

We present the NumbersWithNames program which performs data-mining on the Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences to find interesting conjectures in number theory. The program forms conjectures by finding empirical relationships between a sequence chosen... Read More

In vivo models of lung neutrophil activation. Comparison of mice and hamsters (2002)
Journal Article
Corteling, R., Wyss, D., & Trifilieff, A. (2002). In vivo models of lung neutrophil activation. Comparison of mice and hamsters. BMC Pharmacology, 2(1),

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that both the migration and activation of neutrophils into the airway is of importance in pathological conditions such as pulmonary emphysema. In the present study, we describe in vivo models of lung neutrophil infiltrat... Read More

A Comparison of two Proof Critics: Power vs. Robustness (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Dennis, L. A., & Bundy, A. (2002). A Comparison of two Proof Critics: Power vs. Robustness. In C. A. Munoz, V. A. Carreno, & S. Tahar (Eds.),

Proof critics are a technology from the proof planning paradigm. They examine failed proof attempts in order to extract information which can be used to generate a patch which will allow the proof to go through. We consider the proof of the $quot;wh... Read More

Pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics and airway disease (2002)
Journal Article
Hall, I. P. (2002). Pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics and airway disease. Respiratory Research, 3(1),

The availability of a draft sequence for the human genome will revolutionise research into airway disease. This review deals with two of the most important areas impinging on the treatment of patients: pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics. Considera... Read More

Mapping and Displaying Structural Transformations between XML and PDF (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Hardy, M. R. B., & Brailsford, D. F. (2002). Mapping and Displaying Structural Transformations between XML and PDF. In J. Maletic, R. Furuta, & E. Munson (Eds.),

Documents are often marked up in XML-based tagsets to delineate major structural components such as headings, paragraphs, figure captions and so on, without much regard to their eventual displayed appearance. And yet these same abstract documents, af... Read More

Using Needs Assessment to Understand Continuing Disability in Patients with Enduring Mental Illness. Implications for Considerations of Service Development (2002)
Journal Article
Middleton, H., Adeniran, R., Brewin, C. R., Brady, C., Duggan, C., Hopkins, N., …Walton, M. (2002). Using Needs Assessment to Understand Continuing Disability in Patients with Enduring Mental Illness. Implications for Considerations of Service Development. Journal of Mental Health, 11,

Particular strengths of the MRC Needs for Care Assessment Schedule have been used to investigate the treatment status of patients with persistent psychiatric disability in ways that other needs assessment tools are unable to. One hundred and seventy-... Read More

An indirect genetic algorithm for set covering problems (2002)
Journal Article
Aickelin, U. (2002). An indirect genetic algorithm for set covering problems. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 53(10), 1118-1126 . doi:10.1057/palgrave.jors.2601317

This paper presents a new type of genetic algorithm for the set covering problem. It differs from previous evolutionary approaches first because it is an indirect algorithm, i.e. the actual solutions are found by an external decoder function. The gen... Read More

Partnering Strategies for Fitness Evaluation in a Pyramidal Evolutionary Algorithm (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Aickelin, U., & Bull, L. (2002). Partnering Strategies for Fitness Evaluation in a Pyramidal Evolutionary Algorithm

This paper combines the idea of a hierarchical distributed genetic algorithm with different inter-agent partnering strategies. Cascading clusters of sub-populations are built from bottom up, with higher-level sub-populations optimising larger parts o... Read More

'An Artificial Immune System as a Recommender System for Web Sites' (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Morrison, T., & Aickelin, U. (2002). 'An Artificial Immune System as a Recommender System for Web Sites'

Artificial Immune Systems have been used successfully to build recommender systems for film databases. In this research, an attempt is made to extend this idea to web site recommendation. A collection of more than 1000 individuals' web profiles (alte... Read More

Hash-Tree Anti-Tampering Schemes (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Moss, B., & Ashman, H. (2002). Hash-Tree Anti-Tampering Schemes

Procedures that provide detection, location and correction of tampering in documents are known as anti-tampering schemes. In this paper we describe how to construct an anti-tampering scheme using a pre-computed tree of hashes. The main problems of co... Read More

Case-Based Reasoning as a Heuristic Selector in a Hyper-Heuristic for Course Timetabling Problems (2002)
Book Chapter
Petrovic, S., & Qu, R. (2002). Case-Based Reasoning as a Heuristic Selector in a Hyper-Heuristic for Course Timetabling Problems. In Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information Engineering Systems and Allied TechnologiesIOS Press

This paper studies Knowledge Discovery (KD) using Tabu Search and Hill Climbing within Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) as a hyper-heuristic method for course timetabling problems. The aim of the hyper-heuristic is to choose the best heuristic(s) for given... Read More

'Enhanced Direct and Indirect Genetic Algorithm Approaches for a Mall Layout and Tenant Selection Problem' (2002)
Journal Article
Aickelin, U., & Dowsland, K. (2002). 'Enhanced Direct and Indirect Genetic Algorithm Approaches for a Mall Layout and Tenant Selection Problem'. Journal of Heuristics, 8(5), doi:10.1023/A:1016536623961

During our earlier research, it was recognised that in order to be successful with an indirect genetic algorithm approach using a decoder, the decoder has to strike a balance between being an optimiser in its own right and finding feasible solutions.... Read More

Pathologizing populations and colonizing minds: internatioinal psychosocial programmes in Kosovo (2002)
Journal Article
Pupavac, V. (2002). Pathologizing populations and colonizing minds: internatioinal psychosocial programmes in Kosovo. Alternatives, 27,

Through a case study of international responses in Kosovo, this article critically analyses how the international therapeutic model constructs war-affected populations as traumatised and subject to psychosocial dysfunctionalism. The international the... Read More

Non-Symbolic Fragmentation (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Ashman, H., Coupe, H., Smith, P., Neville-Smith, M., & Gilbert, M. (2002). Non-Symbolic Fragmentation

This paper reports on the use of non-symbolic fragmentation of data for securing communications. Non-symbolic fragmentation, or NSF, relies on breaking up data into non-symbolic fragments, which are (usually irregularly-sized) chunks whose boundaries... Read More

Being more certain about random assignment in social policy evaluations (2002)
Journal Article
Stafford, B. (2002). Being more certain about random assignment in social policy evaluations. Social Policy and Society, 1(4),

Social experiments have been widely utilised in evaluations of social programmes in the US to identify ‘what works’, whilst in the UK their use is more controversial. This paper explores the paradigmatic, technical and practical issues evaluators co... Read More

Prevalence and abundance of Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia spp. in wild rural rodents from the Mazury Lake District region of Poland (2002)
Journal Article
Bajer, A., Bednarska, M., Pawelczyk, A., Behnke, J. M., Gilbert, F. S., & Sinski, E. (2002). Prevalence and abundance of Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia spp. in wild rural rodents from the Mazury Lake District region of Poland. Parasitology, 125(1), doi:10.1017/S0031182002001865

Prevalence and abundance of Cryptosporodium parvum and Giardia spp. were studied in 3 species of rodents from forests and abandoned agricultural fields in N.E. Poland (Clethrionomys glareolus n=459; Microtus arvalis n=274; Apodemus flavicollis n=209)... Read More