Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Exploring Machine Learning Approaches for Classifying Mental Workload using fNIRS Data from HCI Tasks (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Benerradi, J., Maior, H. A., Marinescu, A., Clos, J., Wilson, M. L., Benerradi, J., …Clos, J. (in press). Exploring Machine Learning Approaches for Classifying Mental Workload using fNIRS Data from HCI Tasks. In Proceedings of the Halfway to the Future Symposium 2019

Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) has shown promise for being potentially more suitable (than e.g. EEG) for brain-based Human Computer Interaction (HCI). While some machine learning approaches have been used in prior HCI work, this paper... Read More

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) Detect & Prevent -presymptomatic AD detection and prevention (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Dong, M., Husain, M., Brooks, D., Wilson, M., Craven, M., Destrebecq, F., …Baden-Kristensen, K. (in press). Alzheimer's Disease (AD) Detect & Prevent -presymptomatic AD detection and prevention. In K. Niedderrer, G. Ludden, R. Cain, & C. Wölfel (Eds.), International MinD Conference 2019 - Designing with and for People with Dementia: Well-being, Empowerment and Happiness, 151-154

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major cause of the rapidly growing and crushing aging challenge that threatens to economically undermine today's healthcare system. AD prevalence will grow to over 100 million cases in 2050. AD is incurable but can be pr... Read More

Improvising a Live Score to an Interactive Brain-Controlled Film (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Ramchurn, R., Martinez-Avila, J., Martindale, S., Chamberlain, A., Wilson, M. L., & Benford, S. (2019). Improvising a Live Score to an Interactive Brain-Controlled Film

We report on the design and deployment of systems for the performance of live score accompaniment to an interactive movie by a Networked Musical Ensemble. In this case, the audiovisual content of the movie is selected in real time based on user input... Read More

How Stress and Mental Workload are Connected (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Alsuraykh, N. H., Wilson, M. L., Tennent, P., & Sharples, S. (2019). How Stress and Mental Workload are Connected. In PervasiveHealth'19: Proceedings of the 13th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, 371-376. doi:10.1145/3329189.3329235

Mental Workload (MWL) can be both good and bad; we can thrive under high MWL, or our performance can drop if the demands become either too low or too high. Similarly, stress is not always bad, short term stress can be beneficial to overcome a challen... Read More

From director's cut to user's cut: to watch a brain-controlled film is to edit it (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Ramchurn, R., Martindale, S., Wilson, M. L., & Benford, S. (2019). From director's cut to user's cut: to watch a brain-controlled film is to edit it. In CHI '19: proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systemsdoi:10.1145/3290605.3300378

Introducing interactivity to films has proven a longstanding and difficult challenge due to their narrative-driven, linear and theatre-based nature. Previous research has suggested that Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) may be a promising approach but... Read More

The Multi-Stage Experience: the Simulated Work Task Approach to Studying Information Seeking Stages (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Huurdeman, H., Kamps, J., & Wilson, M. L. (2019). The Multi-Stage Experience: the Simulated Work Task Approach to Studying Information Seeking Stages

This experience paper shines more light on a simulated work task approach to studying information seeking stages. This explicit multistage approach was first utilized in Huurdeman, Wilson, and Kamps [14] to investigate the utility of search user inte... Read More

Enslaved to the Trapped Data: A Cognitive Work Analysis of Medical Systematic Reviews (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Knight, I. A., Wilson, M. L., Brailsford, D. F., & Milic-Frayling, N. (2019). Enslaved to the Trapped Data: A Cognitive Work Analysis of Medical Systematic Reviews. In Proceedings of 2019 ACM SIGIR Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval (CHIIR), 203-212. doi:10.1145/3295750.3298937

Systematic reviews are a comprehensive and parameterised form of literature review, found in most disciplines, that involve exhaustive analyses and rigorous interpretation of prior literature. Performing systematic reviews, however, can involve repet... Read More

When size Matters: towards evaluating perceivability of choropleths (2018)
Conference Proceeding
McNabb, L., Laramee, R. S., & Wilson, M. L. (2018). When size Matters: towards evaluating perceivability of choropleths. In G. Tam, & F. Vidal (Eds.), EG UK Computer Graphics & Visual Computingdoi:10.2312/cgvc.20181221

Choropleth maps are an invaluable visualization type for mapping geo-spatial data. One advantage to a choropleth map over other geospatial visualizations such as cartograms is the familiarity of a non-distorted landmass. However, this causes challeng... Read More

Mental workload as personal data: designing a cognitive activity tracker (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Wilson, M. L., Sharon, N., Maior, H. A., Midha, S., Craven, M. P., & Sharples, S. (2018). Mental workload as personal data: designing a cognitive activity tracker. In CHI EA '18 Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems doi:10.1145/3170427.3170665

Research continues to correlate physical signals with mental activity, as opposed to physical activity, with physiological sensors. Further, with the proliferation of wearable technology, it seems imminent that our smart watches can soon keep track o... Read More

Brain activity and mental workload associated with artistic practice (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Maior, H. A., Wilson, M. L., Locke, C., & Swann, D. (2018). Brain activity and mental workload associated with artistic practice

We present the first stage of our on-going artist-driven BCI collaboration, where we equipped an artist with the brain scanning technique functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) in order to record mental workload levels during her creative prac... Read More

#Scanners 2 – The MOMENT: a new brain-controlled movie (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Ramchurn, R., Wilson, M. L., Martindale, S., & Benford, S. (2018). #Scanners 2 – The MOMENT: a new brain-controlled movie. In CHI EA '18: Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systemsdoi:10.1145/3170427.3186481

While many still consider interactive movies an unrealistic idea, current delivery platforms like Netflix, commercial VR, and the proliferation of wearable sensors mean that adaptive and responsive entertainment experiences are an immediate reality.... Read More

How stress affects functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measurements of mental workload (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Alsuraykh, N. H., Maior, H. A., Wilson, M. L., Tennent, P., & Sharples, S. (2018). How stress affects functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measurements of mental workload. In CHI EA '18 Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems doi:10.1145/3170427.3188646

Recent work has demonstrated that functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy has the potential to measure changes in Mental Workload with increasing ecological validity. It is not clear, however, whether these measurements are affected by anxiety and stre... Read More

Measuring mental workload in IIR user studies with fNIRS (2017)
Conference Proceeding
Wilson, M. L., Alsuraykh, N., & Maior, H. A. (2017). Measuring mental workload in IIR user studies with fNIRS

Gathering neuro-physiological data during user studies, and analysing the continuous data they produce, typically involves making a tradeoff between detail and practical utility. is paper describes our long-term work-in-progress towards developing... Read More

The Tetris model of resolving information needs within the information seeking process (2017)
Conference Proceeding
Wilson, M. L. (2017). The Tetris model of resolving information needs within the information seeking process

Theoretical abstractions, of many different aspects of search, have played a crucial role in driving research into human information seeking and retrieval forward. From models of the Information Seeking Process, to how we perceive search systems, the... Read More

Search literacy: learning to search to learn (2016)
Conference Proceeding
Wilson, M. L., Ye, C., Twidale, M. B., Grasse, H., Rosenthal, J., & McKittrick, M. (2016). Search literacy: learning to search to learn

People can often find themselves out of their depth when they face knowledge-based problems, such as faulty technology, or medical concerns. This can also happen in everyday domains that users are simply inexperienced with, like cooking. These are co... Read More

Active and passive utility of search interface features in different information seeking task stages (2016)
Conference Proceeding
Huurdeman, H. C., Wilson, M. L., & Kamps, J. (2016). Active and passive utility of search interface features in different information seeking task stages

Models of information seeking, including Kuhlthau’s information Search Process model, describe fundamentally different macro-level stages. Current search systems usually do not provide support for these stages, but provide a static set of features pr... Read More

#Scanners: exploring the control of adaptive films using brain-computer interaction (2016)
Conference Proceeding
Pike, M., Ramchurn, R., Benford, S., & Wilson, M. L. (2016). #Scanners: exploring the control of adaptive films using brain-computer interaction

This paper explores the design space of bio-responsive entertainment, in this case using a film that responds to the brain and blink data of users. A film was created with four parallel channels of footage, where blinking and levels of attention and... Read More

Using fNIRS in usability testing: understanding the effect of web form layout on mental workload (2016)
Conference Proceeding
Lukanov, K. E., Maior, H. A., & Wilson, M. L. (2016). Using fNIRS in usability testing: understanding the effect of web form layout on mental workload

Amongst the many tasks in our lives, we encounter web forms on a regular basis, whether they are mundane like registering for a website, or complex and important like tax returns. There are many aspects of Usability, but one concern for user interfac... Read More

Exploring opportunities to facilitate serendipity in search (2015)
Conference Proceeding
Rahman, M. A., & Wilson, M. L. (2015). Exploring opportunities to facilitate serendipity in search

Serendipitously discovering new information can bring many benefits. Although we can design systems to highlight serendipitous information, serendipity cannot be easily orchestrated and is thus hard to study. In this paper, we deployed a working sear... Read More