Research Repository

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Individual variation in inter-ocular suppression and sensory eye dominance (2019)
Journal Article
Wang, M., McGraw, P., & Ledgeway, T. (in press). Individual variation in inter-ocular suppression and sensory eye dominance. Vision Research,

The competitive and inhibitory interactions between the two eyes’ images are a pervasive aspect of binocular vision. Over the last decade, our understanding of the neural processes underpinning binocular rivalry (BR) and continuous flash suppression... Read More

Comparing drivers' visual attention at junctions in real and simulated environments (2019)
Journal Article
Robbins, C. J., Allen, H. A., & Chapman, P. (2019). Comparing drivers' visual attention at junctions in real and simulated environments. Applied Ergonomics, 80, 89-101. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2019.05.005

Driving simulation is widely used to answer important applied research questions, however, it is vital for specific driving tasks to undergo appropriate behavioural validation testing. Many previous validation studies have used simple driving tasks a... Read More

"These things don't work": young people's views on harm minimisation strategies as a proxy for self-harm: a mixed methods approach (2019)
Journal Article
Wadman, R., Nielsen, E., O’Raw, L., Brown, K., Williams, A. J., Sayal, K., & Townsend, E. (in press). "These things don't work": young people's views on harm minimisation strategies as a proxy for self-harm: a mixed methods approach. Archives of Suicide Research,

Objective: Although UK clinical guidelines make tentative recommendations for 'harm minimisation' strategies for repeated self-harm, this is in the absence of empirical evidence supporting their acceptability or effectiveness. We explore young peopl... Read More

Considering self or others across two cultural contexts: How children’s resource allocation is affected by self-construal manipulations (2019)
Journal Article
Weltzien, S., Marsh, L., Kanngiesser, P., Stuijfzand, B., & Hood, B. (2019). Considering self or others across two cultural contexts: How children’s resource allocation is affected by self-construal manipulations. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 184, 139-157. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2019.04.002

Most humans share to some degree. Yet, from middle childhood, sharing behavior varies substantially across societies. Here, for the first time, we explored the effect of self-construal manipulation on sharing decisions in 7- and 8-year-old children f... Read More

Motion integration is anisotropic during smooth pursuit eye movements (2019)
Journal Article
Souto, D., Chudasama, J., Kerzel, D., & Johnston, A. (2019). Motion integration is anisotropic during smooth pursuit eye movements. Journal of Neurophysiology, 121(5), 1787-1797. doi:10.1152/jn.00591.2018

Smooth pursuit eye movements (pursuit) are used to minimize the retinal motion of moving objects. During pursuit, the pattern of motion on the retina carries not only information about the object movement but also reafferent information about the eye... Read More

Student drivers the morning after drinking: a willingness to violate road rules despite typical visual attention (2019)
Journal Article
Robbins, C. J., Russell, S., & Chapman, P. (2019). Student drivers the morning after drinking: a willingness to violate road rules despite typical visual attention. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 62, 376-389. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2019.02.001

Substantial research has investigated the effects of alcohol consumption on cognitive functions. However, little research has been conducted which examines the effects of evening alcohol consumption on next morning driving performance. The current st... Read More

Impaired forward model updating in young adults with Tourette syndrome (2018)
Journal Article
Kim, S., Jackson, G. M., Dyke, K., & Jackson, S. R. (2019). Impaired forward model updating in young adults with Tourette syndrome. Brain, 142(1), 209-219. doi:10.1093/brain/awy306

Current theories of motor control emphasise how the brain may use internal models of the body to ensure accurate planning and control of movements. One such internal model - a forward model - is thought to generate an estimate of the next motor state... Read More

The COMiT'ID study: developing core outcome domains sets for clinical trials of sound-, psychology-, and pharmacology-based interventions for chronic subjective tinnitus in adults (2018)
Journal Article
Hall, D. A., Smith, H., Hibbert, A., Colley, V., Haider, H. F., Horobin, A. J., …Core Outcome Measures in Tinnitus (COMiT), . (2018). The COMiT'ID study: developing core outcome domains sets for clinical trials of sound-, psychology-, and pharmacology-based interventions for chronic subjective tinnitus in adults. Trends in Hearing, 22, 1-16. doi:10.1177/2331216518814384

Subjective tinnitus is a chronic heterogeneous condition that is typically managed using intervention approaches based on sound devices, psychologically informed therapies, or pharmaceutical products. For clinical trials, there are currently no commo... Read More

Spatial attention affects the early processing of neutral versus fearful faces when they are task-irrelevant: a classifier study of the EEG C1 component (2018)
Journal Article
Acunzo, D., MacKenzie, G., & Van Rossum, M. (2019). Spatial attention affects the early processing of neutral versus fearful faces when they are task-irrelevant: a classifier study of the EEG C1 component. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 19(1), 123–137. doi:10.3758/s13415-018-00650-7

EEG studies suggest that the emotional content of visual stimuli is processed rapidly. In particular, the C1 component, which occurs up to 100 ms after stimulus onset and likely reflects activity in primary visual cortex V1, has been reported to be s... Read More

High variability phonetic training in adaptive adverse conditions is rapid, effective, and sustained (2018)
Journal Article
Leong, C. X. R., Price, J. M., Pitchford, N. J., & van Heuven, W. J. (2018). High variability phonetic training in adaptive adverse conditions is rapid, effective, and sustained. PLoS ONE, 13(10), (1-24). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0204888. ISSN 1932-6203

This paper evaluates a novel high variability phonetic training paradigm that involves presenting spoken words in adverse conditions. The effectiveness, generalizability, and longevity of this high variability phonetic training in adverse conditions... Read More

Eating disorder symptomatology and body mass index are associated with readers’ expectations about character behavior: evidence from eye-tracking during reading (2018)
Journal Article
Ralph-Nearman, C., & Filik, R. (2018). Eating disorder symptomatology and body mass index are associated with readers’ expectations about character behavior: evidence from eye-tracking during reading. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 51(9), 1070-1079. doi:10.1002/eat.22961

Objective: Many theories have been put forward suggesting key factors underlying the development and maintenance of eating disorders, such as: unhealthy food-related cognitive biases, negative body attitude, and perfectionism; however, underlying cog... Read More

Understanding arithmetic concepts: the role of domain-specific and domain-general skills (2018)
Journal Article
Gilmore, C., Clayton, S., Cragg, L., McKeaveney, C., Simms, V., & Johnson, S. (2018). Understanding arithmetic concepts: the role of domain-specific and domain-general skills. PLoS ONE, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0201724. ISSN 1932-6203

A large body of research has identified cognitive skills associated with overall mathematics achievement, focusing primarily on identifying associates of procedural skills. Conceptual understanding, however, has received less attention, despite its i... Read More

Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: The role of working memory and processing speed (2018)
Journal Article
Retzler, J., Johnson, S., Groom, M., Hollis, C., Budge, H., & Cragg, L. (2019). Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: The role of working memory and processing speed. Child Neuropsychology, 25(5), 617-635. doi:10.1080/09297049.2018.1510908

Background: Inattention is one of the most common neurobehavioural problems following very preterm birth. Attention problems can persist into adulthood and are associated with negative socio-emotional and educational outcomes. This study aimed to det... Read More

Altered nucleus basalis connectivity predicts treatment response in mild cognitive impairment (2018)
Journal Article
Meng, D., Li, X., Bauer, M., Taylor, J., Auer, D. P., & Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, . (2018). Altered nucleus basalis connectivity predicts treatment response in mild cognitive impairment. Radiology, 2018, doi:10.1148/radiol.2018180092

Purpose: To determine whether functional connectivity (FC) mapping of nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) cholinergic network (hereafter, NBM FC) could provide a biomarker of central cholinergic deficits with predictive potential for response to choline... Read More

Mathematics students demonstrate superior visuo-spatial working memory to humanities students under conditions of low central executive processing load (2018)
Journal Article
Hubber, P. J., Gilmore, C., & Cragg, L. (in press). Mathematics students demonstrate superior visuo-spatial working memory to humanities students under conditions of low central executive processing load. Journal of Numerical Cognition,

Previous research has demonstrated that working memory performance is linked to mathematics achievement. Most previous studies have involved children and arithmetic rather than more advanced forms of mathematics. This study compared the performance o... Read More

The threshold for the McGurk effect in audio-visual noise decreases with development (2018)
Journal Article
Hirst, R. J., Stacey, J. E., Cragg, L., Stacey, P. C., & Allen, H. A. (2018). The threshold for the McGurk effect in audio-visual noise decreases with development. Scientific Reports, 8, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-30798-8

Across development, vision increasingly influences audio-visual perception. This is evidenced in illusions such as the McGurk effect, in which a seen mouth movement changes the perceived sound. The current paper assessed the effects of manipulating t... Read More

Differentiating ‘the user’ in DSR: developing demand side response in advanced economies (2018)
Journal Article
Goulden, M., Spence, A., Wardman, J., & Leygue, C. (2018). Differentiating ‘the user’ in DSR: developing demand side response in advanced economies. Energy Policy, 122, (176-185). doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2018.07.013. ISSN 0301-4215

This paper reports on the current state of Demand Side Response (DSR) in the UK – an early adoptor amongst advanced economies – and the role of the end user in determining its future. Through 21 expert interviews we establish the current state of DSR... Read More

A spiral attractor network drives rhythmic locomotion (2017)
Journal Article
Bruno, A. M., Frost, W. N., & Humphries, M. D. (2017). A spiral attractor network drives rhythmic locomotion. eLife, 6, doi:10.7554/elife.27342. ISSN 2050-084X

The joint activity of neural populations is high dimensional and complex. One strategy for reaching a tractable understanding of circuit function is to seek the simplest dynamical system that can account for the population activity. By imaging Aplysi... Read More

Heterodimers of photoreceptor-specific nuclear receptor (PNR/NR2E3) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARγ) are disrupted by retinal disease-associated mutations (2017)
Journal Article
Fulton, J., Mazumder, B., Whitchurch, J., Monteiro, C. J., Collins, H. M., Chan, C. M., …Heery, D. M. (2017). Heterodimers of photoreceptor-specific nuclear receptor (PNR/NR2E3) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARγ) are disrupted by retinal disease-associated mutations. Cell Death and Disease, 8, doi:10.1038/cddis.2017.98

Photoreceptor-specific nuclear receptor (PNR/NR2E3) and Tailless homolog (TLX/NR2E1) are human orthologs of the NR2E group, a subgroup of phylogenetically related members of the Nuclear Receptor (NR) superfamily of transcription factors. We assessed... Read More